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52 results
  • Parapapillary Optic Nerve Head Drusen in Leber Congenital Amaurosis. [Case Reports]
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2018; 49(7):554Kumar V, Gupta P
  • A 20-year-old male who was known to have Leber congenital amaurosis was assessed. Best-corrected visual acuity was counting fingers in both eyes (OU). Anterior segment OU revealed poorly reacting pupils and nystagmoid movements. Dilated fundus examination revealed widespread bone spicule pigmentation with "macular coloboma" OU (Figure a and b). Short-wave autofluorescence showed hyperautofluoresc…
  • Fetal eye movements on magnetic resonance imaging. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One 2013; 8(10):e77439Woitek R, Kasprian G, … Prayer D
  • CONCLUSIONS: In human fetuses, different eye movement patterns can be identified and described by MRI in utero. In addition to the originally classified eye movement patterns, a novel subtype has been observed, which apparently characterizes an important step in fetal brainstem development. We evaluated, for the first time, eyeball position in fetuses. Ultimately, the assessment of fetal eye movements by MRI yields the potential to identify early signs of brainstem dysfunction, as encountered in brain malformations such as Chiari II or molar tooth malformations.
  • EEG findings in an adult with severe case of alobar holoprosencephaly. [Case Reports]
    Seizure 2011; 20(9):731-4Afra P, Adamolekun B
  • Holoprosencephaly is a category of congenital brain malformation that is frequently associated with epilepsy. Epileptic spasms and partial seizures are reported with a variety of electrographic ictal and interictal EEG findings. We report a case of severe alobar holoprosencephaly with cortical tissue limited to inferior-anterior-frontal areas and a thin mantle over the posterior areas, and no app…
  • Ictal paralysis with tonic eye gazing mimicking a pontine infarction. [Case Reports]
    Seizure 2006; 15(8):637-42Tseng YL, Chen YF, Lai SL
  • CONCLUSIONS: A posterior temporal-parietal seizure can present with a prolonged ictal paralysis, a positive ocular nystagmoid deviation and an altered level of consciousness. The EEG is essential for a correct diagnosis, especially with a negative or an unexplainable MRI study. The SPECT has an additional role for the differential diagnosis.
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