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140 results
  • Periodic Co/Nb pseudo spin valve for cryogenic memory. [Journal Article]
    Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2019; 10:833-839Klenov N, Khaydukov Y, … Keimer B
  • We present a study of magnetic structures with controllable effective exchange energy for Josephson switches and memory applications. As a basis for a weak link we propose to use a periodic structure composed of ferromagnetic (F) layers spaced by thin superconductors (s). Our calculations based on the Usadel equations show that switching from parallel (P) to antiparallel (AP) alignment of neighbo…
  • Linear magnetoresistance in the low-field limit in density-wave materials. [Journal Article]
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019; 116(23):11201-11206Feng Y, Wang Y, … Rosenbaum TF
  • The magnetoresistance (MR) of a material is typically insensitive to reversing the applied field direction and varies quadratically with magnetic field in the low-field limit. Quantum effects, unusual topological band structures, and inhomogeneities that lead to wandering current paths can induce a cross-over from quadratic to linear MR with increasing magnetic field. Here we explore a series of …
  • Current-Induced Torques with Dresselhaus Symmetry Due to Resistance Anisotropy in 2D Materials. [Journal Article]
    ACS Nano 2019; 13(2):2599-2605Stiehl GM, MacNeill D, … Ralph DC
  • We report measurements of current-induced torques in heterostructures of Permalloy (Py) with TaTe2, a transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) material possessing low crystal symmetry, and observe a torque component with Dresselhaus symmetry. We suggest that the dominant mechanism for this Dresselhaus component is not a spin-orbit torque but rather the Oersted field arising from a component of curre…
  • Spin-torque devices with hard axis initialization as Stochastic Binary Neurons. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep 2018; 8(1):16689Ostwal V, Debashis P, … Appenzeller J
  • Employing the probabilistic nature of unstable nano-magnet switching has recently emerged as a path towards unconventional computational systems such as neuromorphic or Bayesian networks. In this letter, we demonstrate proof-of-concept stochastic binary operation using hard axis initialization of nano-magnets and control of their output state probability (activation function) by means of input cu…
  • Current-Induced Domain Wall Motion and Tilting in Perpendicularly Magnetized Racetracks. [Journal Article]
    Nanoscale Res Lett 2018; 13(1):238Li D, Cui B, … Xi L
  • The influence of C insertion on Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) as well as current-induced domain wall (DW) motion (CIDWM) and tilting in Pt/Co/Ta racetracks is investigated via a magneto-optical Kerr microscope. The similar DMI strength for Pt/Co/Ta and Pt/Co/C/Ta samples reveals that DMI mainly comes from the Pt/Co interface. Fast DW velocity around tens of m/s with current density arou…
  • Generation and stability of dynamical skyrmions and droplet solitons. [Journal Article]
    Nanotechnology 2018; 29(32):325302Statuto N, Hernàndez JM, … Macià F
  • A spin-polarized current in a nanocontact to a magnetic film can create collective magnetic oscillations by compensating the magnetic damping. In particular, in materials with uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, droplet solitons have been observed-a self-localized excitation consisting of partially reversed magnetization that precesses coherently in the nanocontact region. It is also possible to genera…
  • Designing magnetic droplet soliton nucleation employing spin polarizer. [Journal Article]
    Nanotechnology 2018; 29(15):155402Mohseni M, Mohseni M
  • We show by means of micromagnetic simulations that spin polarizer in nano-contact (NC) spin torque oscillators as the representative of the fixed layer in an orthogonal pseudo-spin valve can be employed to design and to control magnetic droplet soliton nucleation and dynamics. We found that using a tilted spin polarizer layer decreases the droplet nucleation time which is more suitable for high s…
  • Spin-Orbit Torques in NbSe2/Permalloy Bilayers. [Journal Article]
    Nano Lett 2018; 18(2):1311-1316Guimarães MHD, Stiehl GM, … Ralph DC
  • We present measurements of current-induced spin-orbit torques generated by NbSe2, a fully metallic transition-metal dichalcogenide material, made using the spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) technique with NbSe2/Permalloy bilayers. In addition to the out-of-plane Oersted torque expected from current flow in the metallic NbSe2 layer, we also observe an in-plane antidamping torque with to…
  • Pinned domain wall oscillator as a tuneable direct current spin wave emitter. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep 2017; 7(1):13559Voto M, Lopez-Diaz L, Martinez E
  • Local perturbations in the relative orientation of the magnetic moments in a continuous magnetic system can propagate in the form of waves. These so-called spin waves represent a promising candidate as an information carrier for spin-based low-power applications. A localized, energy-efficient excitation of coherent and short-wavelength spin waves is a crucial technological requirement, and altern…
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