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20 results
  • Envenomation by an opisthoglyphous snake, Erythrolamprus aesculapii (Dipsadidae), in southeastern Brazil. [Case Reports]
    Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019; 52:e20190055Menegucci RC, Bernarde PS, … Martins M
  • Snakebites by aglyphous or opisthoglyphous snakes are common in Brazil. We report a case of snakebite by the opisthoglyphous Erythrolamprus aesculapii. The victim presented with pain, edema, and bleeding at the bite site, along with erythema, similar to a Bothrops envenomation. In this type of snakebite, if the snake is not brought to the hospital, the victim may receive unnecessary serum therapy…
  • Biochemical characterization of venom from Pseudoboa neuwiedii (Neuwied's false boa; Xenodontinae; Pseudoboini). [Journal Article]
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2018; 213:27-38Torres-Bonilla KA, Andrade-Silva D, … Hyslop S
  • In this work, we examined the proteolytic and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activities of venom from the opisthoglyphous colubrid Pseudoboa neuwiedii. Proteolytic activity (3 and 10 μg of venom) was comparable to that of Bothrops neuwiedii venom but less than Bothrops atrox. This activity was inhibited by EDTA and 1,10-phenanthroline but only slightly affected (≤30% inhibition) by PMSF and AEBSF, indic…
  • Local and hematological alterations induced by Philodryas olfersii snake venom in mice. [Journal Article]
    Toxicon 2017; 132:9-17Oliveira JS, Sant'Anna LB, … Cogo JC
  • Envenomation by the South American opisthoglyphous snake Philodryas olfersii causes local pain, edema, erythema and ecchymosis; systemic envenomation is rare. In this work, we examined the inflammatory activity of P. olfersii venom (10, 30 and 60 μg) in mouse gastrocnemius muscle 6 h after venom injection. Intramuscular injection of venom did not affect hematological parameters such as red cell c…
  • First reported case of systemic envenoming by the Sri Lankan keelback (Balanophis ceylonensis). [Case Reports]
    Toxicon 2015; 93:20-3Fernando WK, Kularatne SA, … Mahaulpatha D
  • Envenoming by colubrid snakes is rarely reported. However, some colubrid snakes (e.g. Rhabdophis tigrinus and Rhabdophis subminiatus) have caused severe systemic envenoming. We report here the first case of a bite with systemic envenoming by Balanophis ceylonensis, an opisthoglyphous natricine colubrid, in Sri Lanka. A 33-year-old healthy male field biologist was bitten while handling the snake f…
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