- Polymer Optical Fiber Sensors in Healthcare Applications: A Comprehensive Review. [Review]
- SSensors (Basel) 2019 Jul 18; 19(14)
- Advances in medicine and improvements in life quality has led to an increase in the life expectancy of the general population. An ageing world population have placed demands on the use of assistive t…
Advances in medicine and improvements in life quality has led to an increase in the life expectancy of the general population. An ageing world population have placed demands on the use of assistive technology and, in particular, towards novel healthcare devices and sensors. Besides the electromagnetic field immunity, polymer optical fiber (POF) sensors have additional advantages due to their material features such as high flexibility, lower Young's modulus (enabling high sensitivity for mechanical parameters), higher elastic limits, and impact resistance. Such advantages are well-aligned with the instrumentation requirements of many healthcare devices and in movement analysis. Aiming at these advantages, this review paper presents the state-of-the-art developments of POF sensors for healthcare applications. A plethora of healthcare applications are discussed, which include movement analysis, physiological parameters monitoring, instrumented insoles, as well as instrumentation of healthcare robotic devices such as exoskeletons, smart walkers, actuators, prostheses, and orthosis. This review paper shows the feasibility of using POF sensors in healthcare applications and, due to the aforementioned advantages, it is possible to envisage a further widespread use of such sensors in this research field in the next few years.
- Surgical Technique for Treating Acute Ruptures of the Lateral Ligament Complex of the Ankle. [Journal Article]
- JEJBJS Essent Surg Tech 2011; 1(3):e17
- Surgical treatment of an acute lateral ligament rupture is occasionally warranted.
Surgical treatment of an acute lateral ligament rupture is occasionally warranted.
- Need for mechanically and ergonomically enhanced tremor-suppression orthoses for the upper limb: a systematic review. [Review]
- JNJ Neuroeng Rehabil 2019 Jul 18; 16(1):93
- CONCLUSIONS: The comparison of tremor-suppression orthoses considered and mapped their various mechanical and ergonomic properties, including the degrees of freedom, weight, suppression characteristics, and efficacies. This review shows that most of the orthoses are bulky and heavy, with a non-adapted human-machine interface which can cause rejection by the user. The main challenge of the design of an effective, minimally intrusive and portable tremor-suppressing orthosis is the integration of compact, powerful, lightweight, and non-cumbersome suppression mechanisms. None of the existing prototypes combine all the desired characteristics. Future research should focus on novel suppression orthoses and mechanisms with compact dimensions and light weight in order to be less cumbersome while giving a good tremor-suppression performance.
- Could the Clinical Effectiveness Be Improved Under the Integration of Orthotic Intervention and Scoliosis-Specific Exercise in Managing Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?: A Randomized Controlled Trial Study. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Phys Med Rehabil 2019; 98(8):642-648
- CONCLUSIONS: In this study, orthotic intervention combined with scoliosis-specific exercise offered better Cobb angle correction and improvement of the respiratory parameters and back muscle endurance of the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis as compared with orthotic intervention only.
- Bracing in clubfoot: do we know enough? [Journal Article]
- JCJ Child Orthop 2019 Jun 01; 13(3):258-264
- CONCLUSIONS: Bracing is essential for preventing clubfoot relapse. Daily duration and length of bracing required to prevent recurrence is still unknown. Prospective randomized clinical trials may bring important data that will influence clinicians' and families' choices regarding bracing.
- Immediate effect of a wearable foot drop stimulator to prevent foot drop on the gait ability of patients with hemiplegia after stroke. [Journal Article]
- ATAssist Technol 2019 Jul 16; :1-5
- The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a foot drop stimulator (FDS) and ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) on the gait ability of patients with hemiplegia after stroke. This study recruited 1…
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a foot drop stimulator (FDS) and ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) on the gait ability of patients with hemiplegia after stroke. This study recruited 10 patients with hemiplegia after stroke. All patients performed gait under two conditions (AFO and FDS gait). Gait parameters were measured with the GAITRite® system to analyze the spatial and temporal parameters of the patients' gaits. No significant differences in cadence, velocity, swing time, stance time, or step length of the affected or less-affected limbs were found between the two conditions (all, p > .05). These findings demonstrate that AFO and FDS have a similar effect on the gait ability of patients with hemiplegia after stroke.
- Mechanical instability after acute ankle ligament injury: randomized prospective comparison of two forms of conservative treatment. [Journal Article]
- RBRev Bras Ortop 2013 Jul-Aug; 48(4):307-316
- CONCLUSIONS: The functional treatment (Group B) had better AOFAS score and few days off their professional activities, comparing with patients treated with rigid orthosis (Group A), without increased chance in developing ankle mechanical instability.
- A simple idea for reducing the cost and weight of plaster-cast orthoses. [Journal Article]
- RBRev Bras Ortop 2013 Jan-Feb; 48(1):17-21
- CONCLUSIONS: plaster molded orthosis made in a pyramidal shape, have a statistically significant decrease of weight (and consequently cost) and statistically significant increase of resistance if compared with traditional shape.
- Results of Rodding and Impact on Ambulation and Refracture in Osteogenesis Imperfecta: Study of 21 Children. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Orthop 2019 Jul-Aug; 53(4):554-559
- CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary rodding treatment for recurrent fractures in children with OI improves their mobility potential. It also and prevents repeated cast application, disuse wasting, and osteopenia which can lead to deterioration in the quality of the long bones.
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- A randomized controlled trial comparing the long-term use of soft lumbosacral orthoses at two different pressures in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. [Journal Article]
- CBClin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2019 Jul 05; 69:87-95
- CONCLUSIONS: Long-term use of lumbosacral orthoses had no significant adverse effects on motor function or clinical factors in patients with chronic low back pain. Increasing lumbosacral orthosis tightness may improve motor functioning and the clinical efficacy of the orthosis.