- Precise targeting of the globus pallidus internus with quantitative susceptibility mapping for deep brain stimulation surgery. [Journal Article]J Neurosurg 2019; :1-7JN
- CONCLUSIONS: QSM-based images allow for confident localization of borders of the GPi that is superior to T1w and T2w images. High-contrast hybrid images can be used for precisely directed DBS targeting, e.g., GPi DBS for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease.
- Clinical outcomes of pallidal deep brain stimulation for dystonia implanted using intraoperative MRI. [Journal Article]J Neurosurg 2019; :1-13JN
- CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative MRI-guided lead placement in patients with dystonia showed improvement in clinical outcomes comparable to previously reported results using awake MER-guided lead placement. The accuracy of lead placement was high, and the procedure was well tolerated in the majority of patients. However, a number of patients experienced serious adverse events that were attributable to the introduction of a novel technique into a busy neurosurgical practice, and which led to the revision of protocols, product inserts, and on-site training.
- Syphilitic meningomyelitis misdiagnosed as spinal cord tumor: Case and review. [Journal Article]J Spinal Cord Med 2019; :1-5JS
- CONCLUSIONS: Syphilitic meningomyelitis can occur at early or late stage of syphilis, the onset may be acute, subacute or chronic. The imaging findings suggested focal inflammation of the spinal cord. Prognosis is relatively good after proper treatment.
- Genetic and environmental influences on corticostriatal circuits in twins with autism [Journal Article]J Psychiatry Neurosci 2019; 44(6):190030JP
- CONCLUSIONS: Genetic factors primarily contribute to structural variation in subcortical CSC regions, regardless of ASD, but environmental factors may exert a greater influence on the development of grey matter thickness in the OFC and ACC in children with ASD. The increased vulnerability of OFC grey matter to environmental influences may also mediate some heterogeneity in RRB severity in children with ASD.
- Age-Dependent Signal Intensity Changes in the Structurally Normal Pediatric Brain on Unenhanced T1-Weighted MR Imaging. [Journal Article]AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019AA
- CONCLUSIONS: Age-dependent signal intensity values were determined on unenhanced T1WI in structurally normal pediatric brains. Increased age correlated with increased signal intensity in all brain locations, except the frontal gray matter, irrespective of sex. The biologic mechanisms underlying our results remain unclear and may be related to chronologic changes in myelin density, synaptic density, and water content. Establishing age-dependent signal intensity parameters in the structurally normal pediatric brain will help clarify developmental aberrations and enhance gadolinium-deposition research by providing an improved understanding of the confounding effect of age.
- Characterization of Alzheimer's Disease Using Ultra-high b-values Apparent Diffusion Coefficient and Diffusion Kurtosis Imaging. [Journal Article]Aging Dis 2019; 10(5):1026-1036AD
- The aim of the study is to investigate the diffusion characteristics of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients using an ultra-high b-values apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC_uh) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). A total of 31 AD patients and 20 healthy controls (HC) who underwent both MRI examination and clinical assessment were included in this study. Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) was acquir…
The aim of the study is to investigate the diffusion characteristics of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients using an ultra-high b-values apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC_uh) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). A total of 31 AD patients and 20 healthy controls (HC) who underwent both MRI examination and clinical assessment were included in this study. Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) was acquired with 14 b-values in the range of 0 and 5000 s/mm2. Diffusivity was analyzed in selected regions, including the amygdala (AMY), hippocampus (HIP), thalamus (THA), caudate (CAU), globus pallidus (GPA), lateral ventricles (LVe), white matter (WM) of the frontal lobe (FL), WM of the temporal lobe (TL), WM of the parietal lobe (PL) and centrum semiovale (CS). The mean, median, skewness and kurtosis of the conventional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), DKI (including two variables, Dapp and Kapp) and ADC_uh values were calculated for these selected regions. Compared to the HC group, the ADC values of AD group were significantly higher in the right HIP and right PL (WM), while the ADC_uh values of the AD group increased significantly in the WM of the bilateral TL and right CS. In the AD group, the Kapp values in the bilateral LVe, bilateral PL/left TL (WM) and right CS were lower than those in the HC group, while the Dapp value of the right PL (WM) increased. The ADC_uh value of the right TL was negatively correlated with MMSE (mean, r=-0.420, p=0.019). The ADC value and Dapp value have the same regions correlated with MMSE. Compared with the ADC_uh, combining ADC_uh and ADC parameters will result in a higher AUC (0.894, 95%CI=0.803-0.984, p=0.022). Comparing to ADC or DKI, ADC_uh has no significant difference in the detectability of AD, but ADC_uh can better reflect characteristic alternation in unconventional brain regions of AD patients.
- Mean diffusivity associated with trait emotional intelligence. [Journal Article]Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019SC
- Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that the neural bases of trait emotional intelligence (TEI) lie in the social cognition network (SCN) and the somatic marker circuitry (SMC). The current study is the first to investigate the associations of total TEI factors and subfactors with mean diffusivity (MD) of these networks as well as regional MD of the dopaminergic system (MDDS). We found t…
Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that the neural bases of trait emotional intelligence (TEI) lie in the social cognition network (SCN) and the somatic marker circuitry (SMC). The current study is the first to investigate the associations of total TEI factors and subfactors with mean diffusivity (MD) of these networks as well as regional MD of the dopaminergic system (MDDS). We found that TEI intrapersonal factor score and total TEI score were negatively correlated with regional MDDS in the vicinity of the right putamen and right pallidum and that TEI intrapersonal factor score was negatively correlated with MD values of the fusiform gyrus. Total TEI score and TEI factor scores were positively correlated with MD values of various areas within or adjacent to SCN components, SMC structures, and the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC). Our MD findings demonstrate the importance of the dopaminergic system to TEI and implicate the SCN, SMC, and LPFC in TEI. Future studies are required to investigate the implications of positive and negative associations with MD values.
- Subcortical Volume Changes in Migraine with Aura. [Journal Article]J Clin Neurol 2019; 15(4):448-453JC
- CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that both the globus pallidi and left putamen play significant roles in the pathophysiology of the MwA. Future studies should determine the cause-and-effect relationships, since these could not be discriminated in this study due to its cross-sectional design.
- Involvement of ventral pallidal vasopressin in the sex-specific regulation of sociosexual motivation in rats. [Journal Article]Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019; 111:104462P
- The ventral pallidum (VP) is a critical node of the mesocorticolimbic reward circuit and is known to modulate social behaviors in rodents. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) signaling via the V1A receptor (V1AR) within the VP is necessary for the expression of socially motivated affiliative behaviors in monogamous voles. However, whether the VP-AVP system regulates socially motivated behaviors in non-mon…
The ventral pallidum (VP) is a critical node of the mesocorticolimbic reward circuit and is known to modulate social behaviors in rodents. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) signaling via the V1A receptor (V1AR) within the VP is necessary for the expression of socially motivated affiliative behaviors in monogamous voles. However, whether the VP-AVP system regulates socially motivated behaviors in non-monogamous species remains unknown. Here, we determined the extent of AVP fiber innervation in the VP as well as the involvement of the VP-AVP system in sociosexual motivation in adult male and female rats. We found that males have nearly twice the density of AVP-immunoreactive (AVP-ir) fibers in the VP compared to females, suggesting the possibility that males experience enhanced AVP signaling in the VP. We further found that this sex difference in VP-AVP-ir fiber density likely arises from an observed sex difference (males > females) in the percentage of VP-projecting AVP-ir cell bodies located in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and medial amygdala. To determine the behavioral implications of this sex difference, we next blocked AVP signaling in the VP by antagonizing VP-V1ARs in male and female rats and tested their preference to investigate an unfamiliar male rat or unfamiliar estrus female rat confined to corrals located on opposite ends of a three-chamber apparatus. Under vehicle conditions, males showed a significantly greater innate preference to investigate an opposite sex over same sex conspecific than estrus females. Interestingly, VP-V1AR antagonism significantly reduced males' opposite sex preference, while enhancing estrus females' opposite sex preference. Importantly, all subjects reliably discriminated between male and female stimulus rats regardless of drug treatment, demonstrating a change in motivational state rather than a perceptual impairment induced by VP-V1AR blockade. These results provide a novel functional link between a sex difference in ventral pallidal AVP fiber density and the sex-specific regulation of a sexually motivated behavior necessary for reproductive success.
New Search Next
- Basal ganglia volume and shape in anorexia nervosa. [Journal Article]Appetite 2019; 144:104480A
- CONCLUSIONS: The present findings appear to fit with the theoretical models suggesting that there are alterations in the basal ganglia regions associated with habit formation and reward processing in AN. Further investigation of structural and functional connectivity of these regions in AN as well as their role in recovery would be of interest.