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526 results
  • New options and controversies in the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. [Journal Article]
  • AJAm J Health Syst Pharm 2017 Apr 10
  • Koth SM, Kolesar J
  • CONCLUSIONS: Up to 80% of patients receiving chemotherapy have CINV. Current practice guidelines recommend that patients treated with highly emetogenic chemotherapy also receive a 3-drug antiemetic regimen initiated on the day of and continued for 3 days after chemotherapy administration, with the most commonly used 3-drug regimen consisting of an NK1 receptor antagonist, a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, and dexamethasone. Developments in the area of CINV management in recent years include the use of olanzapine in combination with a 5-HT3 antagonist and dexamethasone; Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of the NK1 receptor antagonist rolapitant, which provides a longer duration of effect than aprepitant; FDA approval of a combination product containing palonosetron and the NK1 receptor antagonist netupitant; and revisions of U.S. practice guidelines ending palonosetron's status as the preferred 5-HT3 antagonist for prevention of CINV associated with moderately or highly emetogenic chemotherapy.Newer therapeutic options for the management of CINV are equivalent to standard-of-care regimens in terms of efficacy and toxicity. While the NK1 receptor antagonist rolapitant and a product combining palonosetron and netupitant have potential advantages over standard therapy in terms of convenience or pharmacologic properties, their relatively high costs must be considered.
  • Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonist-Based Triple Regimens in Preventing Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: A Network Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
  • JNCIJ Natl Cancer Inst 2017 Feb 01; 109(2):1-11
  • Zhang Y, Yang Y, … Zhang L
  • CONCLUSIONS: Different NK-1RAs-based triple regimens shared equivalent effect on CINV control. Various triple regimens had superior antiemetic effect than duplex regimen in patients with HEC. Only aprepitant-based triple regimen showed better CINV control compared with duplex regimen in patients receiving MEC. Palonosetron and first-generation 5HT3RAs might share equivalent CINV control in the combination of NK-1RAs and dexamethasone. Lower doses of dexamethasone might be applied when used with NK-1RAs and 5HT3RAs.
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