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453 results
  • The gene-rich genome of the scallop Pecten maximus. [Journal Article]
    Gigascience. 2020 May 01; 9(5)Kenny NJ, McCarthy SA, … Williams ST
  • CONCLUSIONS: The genome assembly of P. maximus and its annotated gene set provide a high-quality platform for studies on such disparate topics as shell biomineralization, pigmentation, vision, and resistance to algal toxins. As a result of our findings we highlight the sodium channel gene Nav1, known to confer resistance to saxitoxin and tetrodotoxin, as a candidate for further studies investigating immunity to domoic acid.
  • Seasonal antioxidant and biochemical properties of the Northern Adriatic Pecten jacobaeus. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2020; 15(3):e0230539.Topić Popović N, Beer Ljubić B, … Čož-Rakovac R
  • The present work is the first study of Mediterranean scallop (Pecten jacobaeus) biochemical properties, antioxidant defenses, and free radical scavengers during the yearly seasons in the Northern Adriatic, off Istria. Scallop nutrient reserves (glucose, triglyceride, and cholesterol) in four tissues under examination were positively correlated and were predominant in digestive gland and gonad. Th…
  • Retinal topography in two species of flamingo (Phoenicopteriformes: Phoenicopteridae). [Journal Article]
    J Comp Neurol. 2020 Mar 10 [Online ahead of print]Lisney TJ, Potier S, … Collin SP
  • In this study, we assessed eye morphology and retinal topography in two flamingo species, the Caribbean flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) and the Chilean flamingo (P. chilensis). Eye morphology is similar in both species and cornea size relative to eye size (C:A ratio) is intermediate between those previously reported for diurnal and nocturnal birds. Using stereology and retinal whole mounts, we es…
  • Applicability of optical coherence tomography in blue-fronted parrots (Amazona aestiva). [Journal Article]
    Vet Ophthalmol. 2020 Mar; 23(2):358-367.Pecora RA, Watanabe SS, … de Mendonça Vaz Safatle A
  • CONCLUSIONS: Optical coherence tomography is a valuable technique for in vivo evaluation of retinal structures in blue-front parrots, providing detailed and accurate images. This method improves the understanding of retinal diseases, monitoring the beginning, progression and therapy of retinal diseases, in the same individuals during longitudinal studies. In comparison to histological investigations, OCT enables imaging in vivo, therefore reducing the number of euthanized animals or enucleated eyes.
  • Laparoscopic resection of an exostosis of the os pubis in a horse. [Case Reports]
    Vet Surg. 2019 Nov 18 [Online ahead of print]Delcazo M, Geburek F, … Theiss F
  • CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive surgical resection of an exostosis of the os pubis was achieved under general anesthesia with appropriately designed instruments. This treatment alleviated symptoms associated with the exostosis, including potential injury of the urinary bladder wall.
  • In vivo31P-MRS of muscle bioenergetics in marine invertebrates: Future ocean limits scallops' performance. [Journal Article]
    Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 09; 61:239-246.Bock C, Wermter FC, … Sejr MK
  • CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic in vivo31P-NMR spectroscopy revealed constrained residual aerobic power budgets in boreal and Arctic scallops under projected ocean warming and acidification indicating that scallops are susceptible to future climate change. The observed reduction in muscular PLArest of scallops coping with a warmer and acidified ocean may be linked to an enhanced energy demand and reduced oxygen partial pressures (PO2) in their body fluids. Delayed recovery from moderate swimming at elevated temperature is a result of reduced PLArest concentrations associated with a warm-induced reduction of a residual aerobic power budget.
  • Ocular Ultrasonography and Biometry in the Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus). [Journal Article]
    J Avian Med Surg. 2018 12 01; 32(4):307-313.Apruzzese A, Rodríguez A, … González-Alonso-Alegre E
  • To establish reference standards for ocular ultrasound and biometry, 24 cinereous vultures (Aegypius monachus) (45 eyes) underwent B-mode and A-mode ultrasonographic examination using a 12.5-MHz probe. The vultures were manually restrained without sedation, and the eyes were topically anesthetized. Biometry was performed in the sagittal plane for axial length of the globe (AGL), anterior chamber …
  • [Three-dimensional ultrasonographic examination of the avian eye: technique and physiological findings]. [Journal Article]
    Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere. 2018 Aug; 46(4):236-245.Peschel A, Moser K, Korbel R
  • CONCLUSIONS: 3D ultrasonography is a valuable diagnostic addition to classical optical-based ophthalmological examination of the avian eye and becomes essential when the posterior segment of the eye is obscured, as, for example, in opacities of the anterior dioptric apparatus or in patients with haemorrhage in the anterior eye chamber. The method may significantly enhance ophthalmological diagnostics in birds, particularly in situations with frequently occurring posttrauma intraocular haemorrhage as well as retinal detachment or lesions of the pecten oculi.
  • The cellular bases of choroid fissure formation and closure. [Journal Article]
    Dev Biol. 2018 08 15; 440(2):137-151.Bernstein CS, Anderson MT, … Agarwala S
  • Defects in choroid fissure (CF) formation and closure lead to coloboma, a major cause of childhood blindness. Despite genetic advances, the cellular defects underlying coloboma remain poorly elucidated due to our limited understanding of normal CF morphogenesis. We address this deficit by conducting high-resolution spatio-temporal analyses of CF formation and closure in the chick, mouse and fish.…
  • Central Nervous System B-cell Lymphoma in a Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). [Case Reports]
    J Avian Med Surg. 2018 03; 32(1):40-44.Visser M, Walz H, … Bellah J
  • An adult bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) presented for nystagmus and an inability to fly. On physical examination, the eagle was open-mouth breathing and tachycardic at 200 beats per minute, had a wrinkled cere and sunken eyes, and was an estimated 10% dehydrated. Additionally, the eagle was extremely weak, with neurologic abnormalities including bilateral proprioceptive deficits, nystagmus…
  • Stenochironomus munteanpurin sp. n., a new leaf-mining species from Brazil (Diptera: Chironomidae). [Journal Article]
    Zootaxa. 2018 Feb 21; 4382(3):553-564.Amora G, Hamada N, Pinho LC
  • Stenochironomus munteanpurin sp. n. is described and illustrated in all life stages, except eggs, from Brazil. The male is very similar to Stenochironomus quadrinotatus Borkent, 1984 due to same overall pattern of pigmentation. The new species can be distinguished from the other related species principally in immature stages: larva with labral lamella arranged in two groups with one or two conica…
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