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56 results
  • The influence of head injury on olfactory and gustatory function. [Journal Article]
    Handb Clin Neurol 2019; 164:409-429Schofield PW, Doty RL
  • Head injury, particularly that resulting in brain injury, is a significant public health concern. For example, annual incidence rates of traumatic brain injury, a common consequence of head injury, range from 54 to 60 million people worldwide, including 2.2-3.6 million people whose trauma is moderate to severe. Trauma to the face and brain, including blast injuries common in modern warfare, can r…
  • Epidemiology of smell and taste dysfunction. [Journal Article]
    Handb Clin Neurol 2019; 164:3-13Doty RL
  • How common are smell and taste disorders? How many persons suffer total loss or partial loss? What factors determine such dysfunction? Answers to these questions are not straightforward. Estimates of prevalence are influenced by a multitude of interacting factors, including age, gender, occupation, geography, air and water quality, climate, ethnicity, genetics, education, and health, to name a fe…
  • Hemidysgeusia, phantosmia and respiratory arrest: a case of CLIPPERS. [Journal Article]
    BMJ Case Rep 2019; 12(5)Nguyen PB, Prentice D, … Leong WK
  • A 56-year-old man presented with a relapse of likely chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) after a reduction of steroid dose. MRI demonstrated new perivascular FLuid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) signal hyperintensity involving the dorsal pontomedullary junction and progressing inferiorly into the dorsal medulla oblongata.…
  • 25 Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt as a Meteorologist: Medtronics Shunt Headaches Vaticinating Climatic Perturbation. [Journal Article]
    CNS Spectr 2019; 24(1):186-187Nayati JT, Mohyuddin S, … Hirsch AR
  • CONCLUSIONS: How climatic changes induce VPS headaches remains unclear. Barometric changes have been reported to cause sinus engorgement [Kaliner 2009], somatic pain [Silove 2006] and can worsen anxiety and depression [Delyukov 1999]. Meteorological parameters may have induced or exacerbated her depression and anxiety, amplifying pain perception. Alternatively, barometric pressure can cause an increase in other somatic pains and stresses, which can augment awareness of additional, unrecognized somatic pains. It is also possible for barometric pressure to cause pain via nasal sinus or mucosal engorgement; thus, mimicking her VPS headache. Lastly, however unlikely, her pain may be a result of a transient VPS malfunction. The mechanism for such can be attributed to transient pressure changes caused by fluctuating blood pressure, inducing brief intrinsic intraperitoneal pressure changes. Nevertheless, querying patients suffering from VPS headacheswhether climatic changes play a role in their symptoms is warranted.Funding Acknowledgements: Smell & Taste Treatment and Research Foundation.
  • Management of long-lasting phantosmia: a systematic review. [Journal Article]
    Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2018; 8(7):790-796Saltagi MZ, Rabbani CC, … Higgins TS
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite increasing interest in the treatment of phantosmia and reports of successful therapies, there remains a paucity of data and lack of consensus regarding optimal management of this difficult condition.
  • The Association Between Diabetes and Olfactory Function in Adults. [Journal Article]
    Chem Senses 2017; 43(1):59-64Chan JYK, García-Esquinas E, … Lin SY
  • Diabetes is a significant chronic disease that in limited studies has been linked with olfactory dysfunction. We investigated the cross-sectional association between diabetes and olfactory dysfunction in 3151 adults aged ≥40 years who participated in US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 with information on olfactory dysfunction and diabetes. Diabetes was defined from fast…
  • Distinguishing Subjective Halitosis. [Case Reports]
    Compend Contin Educ Dent 2017; 38(9):e5-e8Aydin M, Derici MÇ, … Eren MÖ
  • Halitosis is chronic, endogenous malodor that is etiologically classified. Subjective halitosis, which may appear in clinically neurologic (neurogenic) or psychologic (psychogenic) forms, cannot be confirmed by using tests or performing visual inspection despite insistent complaints of malodor by the patient. Neurogenic forms mainly consist of chemosensory dysfunctions (dysguisa, dysosmia) and se…
  • Phantosmia and Dysgeusia following Endoscopic Transcribriform Approaches to Olfactory Groove Meningiomas. [Journal Article]
    J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2017; 78(3):245-250Venteicher AS, Kumar JI, … Curry WT
  • The endoscopic, endonasal transcribriform approach (EETA) is an important technique used to directly access the anterior skull base and is increasingly being used in the management of olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs). As this approach requires removal of the cribriform plate and olfactory epithelium en route to the tumor, patients are anosmic postoperatively. Here, we report the development of…
  • Migraine with Multiple Sensory Auras. [Case Reports]
    Acta Neurol Taiwan 2016; 25(4):148-151Oey NE, Lo YL
  • Migraine auras are typically visual in nature but can manifest as disturbances in somatosensory, auditory, and olfactory senses. Reports of multiple sensory auras are rare in the literature, but their existence may offer novel insights into the pathogenesis of this highly common yet complex neurological condition. Here we report a case of multiple sensory auras involving somatosensory, auditory, …
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