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(phenytoin)
18,080 results
  • Antiepileptic drugs: evolution of our knowledge and changes in drug trials. [Journal Article]
    Epileptic Disord 2019; 21(4):319-329Perucca E
  • Clinical trials provide the evidence needed for rational use of medicines. The evolution of drug trials follows largely the evolution of regulatory requirements. This article summarizes methodological changes in antiepileptic drug trials and associated advances in knowledge starting from 1938, the year phenytoin was introduced and also the year when evidence of safety was made a requirement for t…
  • Antiepileptic drug-induced psychosis associated with MTHFR C677T: a case report. [Journal Article]
    J Med Case Rep 2019; 13(1):250Shimura M, Yamada H, … Kawashima H
  • CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of antiepileptic drug-induced psychosis associated with homozygous C677T and multiple vitamin deficiencies. Our findings will contribute to the elucidation of the pathogenesis of the psychiatric side effects of antiepileptic drugs and lead to improved medical management for patients with epilepsy.
  • Seizures in Down Syndrome: An Update. [Journal Article]
    Mymensingh Med J 2019; 28(3):712-715Rahman MM, Fatema K
  • The prevalence of seizures in individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) is higher than in the general population. Rates of epilepsy in DS range from 1-13%. Forty percent of individuals develop seizures before 1 year of age and another 40% develop in their thirties or later. Boys have an earlier age of onset. The prevalence of epilepsy increases with age. Types of seizures are: 47% partial seizures, 32%…
  • Carbamazepine versus phenytoin monotherapy for epilepsy: an individual participant data review. [Review]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019; 7:CD001911Nevitt SJ, Marson AG, Tudur Smith C
  • CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-certainty evidence provided by this systematic review does not show any differences between carbamazepine and phenytoin in terms of effectiveness (retention) or efficacy (seizure recurrence and seizure remission) for individuals with focal onset or generalised onset seizures.However, some of the trials contributing to the analyses had methodological inadequacies and inconsistencies, which may have had an impact on the results of this review. We therefore do not suggest that results of this review alone should form the basis of a treatment choice for a person with newly-onset seizures. We did not find any evidence to support or refute current treatment policies. We implore that future trials be designed to the highest quality possible, with consideration of masking, choice of population, classification of seizure type, duration of follow-up, choice of outcomes and analysis, and presentation of results.
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