- Why do myofibroblasts preferentially accumulate on the convex surface of the remodeling lung after pneumonectomy? [Journal Article]
- JTJ Theor Biol 2019 Jul 09
- Myofibroblasts preferentially accumulate on the convex and not on the concave surfaces of the murine cardiac lobe during lung remodeling after pneumonectomy. This clear difference in function due to …
Myofibroblasts preferentially accumulate on the convex and not on the concave surfaces of the murine cardiac lobe during lung remodeling after pneumonectomy. This clear difference in function due to the organ shape is most likely mediated by the various mechanical forces generated on the lung's surface. For breathing, the lobe cyclically change its configuration. The cyclic deformation requires energy, depending on the local configuration of the lobe (e.g., convex vs. concave). Considering mechanical contributions to the internal energy of the system to the internal energy of the system and according to the second law of thermodynamics, the system seeks the lowest energy state for equilibrium. Although additional energy for remodeling is required, the system chooses such remodeling sites that minimize the total energy of the new equilibrium state. To test this idea, an idealized, concave-convex configuration of the lobe is assumed. The lobe is made of two homogeneous and isotropic materials of different mechanical properties, the bulk parenchyma and the pleura, a thin, mesothelial cell layer surrounding it. While the whole system cyclically changes shape during breathing, we calculated the amount of mechanical energy per unit volume at the parenchyma-pleural interface where, we believe, myofibroblasts preferentially accumulate. Comparison between convex and concave surfaces indicates that convex surfaces store a lower amount of mechanical energy than the concave ones. We also show that any additional energy for remodeling is preferably done at the convex surface where the lowest new energy equilibrium state is achieved.
- [Intraoperative Navigation System during Thoracoscopic Segmentectomy for Non-palpable Pulmonary Tumors;Infrared Thoracoscopy (IRT)-Indocyanine Green (ICG) and Intraoperative Computed Tomography(CT)-assisted Method]. [Journal Article]
- KGKyobu Geka 2019; 72(7):488-493
- CONCLUSIONS: Imaging support including preoperative simulation, IRT-ICG and intraoperative CT enables surgeons to perform definitive VATS segmentectomy for non-palpable lesions.
- Lung cancer in young adults aged 35 years or younger: A full-scale analysis and review. [Review]
- JCJ Cancer 2019; 10(15):3553-3559
- CONCLUSIONS: Lung cancer in young adults is distinctive, with adenocarcinoma and stage IV at presentation being predominant characteristics. Gene mutation assessment should be mandatory in this subgroup due to the increased likelihood of positive driver gene alterations, as individualized targeted therapy may achieve superior outcomes.
- Diagnostic value of chest ultrasound in children with cystic fibrosis - Pilot study. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2019; 14(7):e0215786
- CONCLUSIONS: LUS constitutes an invaluable tool for the diagnosis of subpleural consolidations. CF-USS results correlate with the conventional x-ray modified Chrispin-Norman score. LUS should be considered a supplementary radiographic examination in the monitoring of CF patients, and CF-USS may provide clinicians with valuable information concerning the progression of the disease.
- Mesothelioma Mortality Within Two Radiation Monitored Occupational Cohorts. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Radiat Biol 2019 Jul 10; :1-32
- CONCLUSIONS: An elevated rate of death from mesothelioma was observed in two radiation-exposed occupational groups with potential for asbestos exposure. The increased risk of death from asbestosis, combined with little evidence of a rising trend in mesothelioma mortality with increasing radiation exposure, suggests that the mesothelioma (and asbestosis) excess in these workers was due to asbestos exposure in shipyards and power plants and not to occupational low-dose radiation.
- Transcriptional suppression of the miR-15/16 family by c-Myc in malignant pleural mesothelioma. [Journal Article]
- OOncotarget 2019 Jun 25; 10(41):4125-4138
- MicroRNA downregulation is frequent in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), but the mechanisms responsible for loss of miR-15/16 and miR-193a are yet to be elucidated and were investigated in this s…
MicroRNA downregulation is frequent in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), but the mechanisms responsible for loss of miR-15/16 and miR-193a are yet to be elucidated and were investigated in this study. Copy Number Variation (CNV) of microRNA-coding genes was analyzed in MPM cells by digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) and revealed heterozygous loss of miR-193a and miR-15a/16-1, but no change in miR-15b/16-2. Epigenetic control of microRNA expression was inferred following decitabine and Trichostatin A (TSA) treatment which did not substantially affect microRNA expression. Knockdown of c-Myc expression led to upregulation of SMC4, miR-15b and 16, and to a lesser extent DLEU2 and miR-15a, whereas c-Myc overexpression repressed microRNA expression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays confirmed the interaction of c-Myc with the DLEU2 and SMC4 promoters. Tumor microRNA expression was determined in samples from MPM patients, with samples of pleura from cardiac surgery patients used as controls. In tumor samples, a strong correlation was observed between the expression of miR-15b and 16 (R2=0.793), but not miR-15a and 16. Our data suggest that in MPM, the downregulation of miR-15/16 is due to transcriptional repression by c-Myc, primarily via control of the miR-15b/16-2 locus, while miR-193a-3p loss is due to genomic deletion.
- 68Ga-Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen Uptake in a Malignant Pleural Effusion From Metastatic Prostate Cancer After Pleurodesis. [Journal Article]
- CNClin Nucl Med 2019 Jul 05
- A 76-year-old man with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate presented with increasing dyspnea. After being treated initially with drainage and afterwards with pleurodesis, he was referred for Ga…
A 76-year-old man with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate presented with increasing dyspnea. After being treated initially with drainage and afterwards with pleurodesis, he was referred for Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen 11 PET/CT imaging for restaging purposes. PET/CT demonstrated extensive Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen 11 uptake in the right pleura. Histopathology confirmed the rare case of malignant pleural effusion from metastatic prostate cancer.
- A simple and efficient method to perform preoperative pulmonary nodule localization: CT-guided patent blue dye injection. [Journal Article]
- CIClin Imaging 2019 Jun 27; 58:74-79
- CONCLUSIONS: The injection of a lower dose PBD based on the distance to the visceral pleura can be successful with nodular localization and may facilitate thoracoscopic surgery, even in cases with a long interval from localization to surgery.
- Papillary Solitary Fibrous Tumor/Hemangiopericytoma: An Uncommon Morphological Form With NAB2-STAT6 Gene Fusion. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2019 Jul 04
- Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytomas (SFT/HPCs) are mesenchymal tumors characterized by "staghorn" blood vessels and collagen deposition. Little is known about SFT/HPCs with papillary architect…
Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytomas (SFT/HPCs) are mesenchymal tumors characterized by "staghorn" blood vessels and collagen deposition. Little is known about SFT/HPCs with papillary architecture. We summarized the clinicopathologic features of 12 patients with papillary SFT/HPCs (8 males and 4 females; median age: 59 years), including 8 previously reported cases. Tumors were present in the meninges (75%, 9/12), adrenal gland (8%, 1/12), orbit (8%, 1/12), or spinal canal (8%, 1/12). Six tumors (50%) had a true papillary architecture with fibrovascular cores and 6 tumors (50%) had a pseudopapillary architecture with vascular cores. Nuclear staining for STAT6 was present in all tested tumors (10/10). RT-PCR indicated NAB2 ex6-STAT6 ex17 fusion in 4 tumors (80%, 4/5) and NAB2 ex4-STAT6 ex2 fusion in 1 tumor (20%, 1/5). Five patients (42%, 5/12), all with tumors in the meninges, developed local recurrence at a median of 61 months after surgery (range: 56-165 months; mean: 88.6 months). These results indicated that the papillary architecture is a morphological form of SFT/HPCs. The recognition of this pattern, with appropriate immunohistochemical analysis and assessment of NAB2-STAT6 fusion, should facilitate the distinction of these rare neoplasms from morphologically similar tumors in the meninges, lung, pleura, and soft tissue.
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- 2-Deoxy-glucose Enhances the Effect of Cisplatin and Pemetrexed in Reducing Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Cell Proliferation But Not Spheroid Growth. [Journal Article]
- ARAnticancer Res 2019; 39(7):3809-3814
- CONCLUSIONS: 2-DG synergizes with CPDD+PEM in lowering MPM cell proliferation in 2D to <20%. In 3D MPM spheroid growth 2-DG synergism with CPDD+PEM treatment is not maintained.