- A biosafety level-2 dose-dependent lethal mouse model of spotted fever rickettsiosis: Rickettsia parkeri Atlantic Rainforest strain. [Journal Article]
- PNPLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Jun 19; 13(6):e0007054
- CONCLUSIONS: Since R. parkeri is used at biosafety level 2, the greatest advantage of this inbred mouse model is the ability to investigate immunity and pathogenesis of rickettsiosis with all the tools available at biosafety level 2.
- Shoulder Muscular Fatigue From Static Posture Concurrently Reduces Cognitive Attentional Resources. [Journal Article]
- HFHum Factors 2019 Jun 19; :18720819852509
- CONCLUSIONS: Muscular fatigue concurrently degrades cognitive attentional resources.
- H-reflex conditioning during locomotion in people with spinal cord injury. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Physiol 2019 Jun 19
- In people or animals with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), changing a spinal reflex through an operant conditioning protocol can improve locomotion. All previous studies conditioned the reflex du…
In people or animals with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), changing a spinal reflex through an operant conditioning protocol can improve locomotion. All previous studies conditioned the reflex during steady-state maintenance of a specific posture. In contrast, this new study down-conditioned the reflex during the swing-phase of locomotion in people with hyperreflexia due to chronic incomplete SCI; it sought to modify the functioning of the reflex in a specific phase of a dynamic movement. This novel swing-phase conditioning protocol decreased the reflex much faster and farther than did the steady-state protocol in people or animals with or without SCI, and it improved locomotion. The reflex decrease persisted for at least 6 months after conditioning ended. The results suggest that conditioning reflex function in a specific phase of a dynamic movement offers a new approach to enhancing and/or accelerating recovery after SCI or in other disorders.
- Pisa Syndrome in Parkinson's Disease Is Associated With Specific Cognitive Alterations. [Journal Article]
- FNFront Neurol 2019; 10:577
- CONCLUSIONS: The study reveals an association between PS and specific cognitive alterations, suggesting a possible link between the abnormal posture of PD patients with PS and their cognitive functions.
- Spinal Column and Abdominal Muscles Loading in Pregnant Women Dependent on Working Postures. [Journal Article]
- AIActa Inform Med 2019; 27(1):54-57
- CONCLUSIONS: It is crucial to strengthen the entire musculature for women who wish to get pregnant. The pre-pregnancy exercises might improve the posture, tonus and boost chances for safe labor and delivery. Strong abdominal muscles are needed to unload the spine. It is highly recommended to prepare their musculature for pregnancy through various pre-pregnancy exercises.
- IAPP toxicity activates HIF1α/PFKFB3 signaling delaying β-cell loss at the expense of β-cell function. [Journal Article]
- NCNat Commun 2019 Jun 18; 10(1):2679
- The islet in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by amyloid deposits derived from islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), a protein co-expressed with insulin by β-cells. In common with amyloidogenic pro…
The islet in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by amyloid deposits derived from islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), a protein co-expressed with insulin by β-cells. In common with amyloidogenic proteins implicated in neurodegeneration, human IAPP (hIAPP) forms membrane permeant toxic oligomers implicated in misfolded protein stress. Here, we establish that hIAPP misfolded protein stress activates HIF1α/PFKFB3 signaling, this increases glycolysis disengaged from oxidative phosphorylation with mitochondrial fragmentation and perinuclear clustering, considered a protective posture against increased cytosolic Ca2+ characteristic of toxic oligomer stress. In contrast to tissues with the capacity to regenerate, β-cells in adult humans are minimally replicative, and therefore fail to execute the second pro-regenerative phase of the HIF1α/PFKFB3 injury pathway. Instead, β-cells in T2D remain trapped in the pro-survival first phase of the HIF1α injury repair response with metabolism and the mitochondrial network adapted to slow the rate of cell attrition at the expense of β-cell function.
- "Liver or Let Die": Percutaneous PFO Closure Through Hepatic Vein Access. [Journal Article]
- HLHeart Lung Circ 2019 May 24
- A 73-year-old farmer presented with platypnoea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS). A transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) disclosed a patent foramen ovale (PFO) with significant right-to-left shunt on assum…
A 73-year-old farmer presented with platypnoea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS). A transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) disclosed a patent foramen ovale (PFO) with significant right-to-left shunt on assuming upright posture. An initial attempt at PFO closure through the femoral vein was abandoned due to a completely occluded inferior vena cava. A second attempt through the internal jugular vein was also unsuccessful due to the steep angulation between superior vena cava and septum primum flap. Because of disabling symptoms, an attempt through a hepatic vein (HV) was scheduled and performed under general anaesthesia with TOE guidance. Ultrasound-guided access through an intercostal window to a peripheral HV was performed and the position confirmed with contrast injections. The PFO was easily crossed with a glide wire which was exchanged to a stiffer guide wire. A 25mm closure device was successfully deployed across the PFO. After retrieval of the delivery system, haemostasis of the HV was attained with a contrast-guided Gelfoam (Pfizer, New York, NY, USA) injection. Unfortunately, the patient had to undergo subsequent emergency coiling to an iatrogenically injured hepatic artery branch leading to full recovery and significant clinical improvement. Subsequent echocardiography demonstrated a well-positioned device with no residual shunt. This case illustrates that percutaneous PFO closure through a HV is a feasible procedure and should be considered in anatomy that is otherwise prohibitive for conventional approach. Extra care should be taken with initial vascular access into the HV and final haemostasis of the access site.
- Better sleep quality could reinforce the relationship between sleep posture and kidney stone laterality in obstructive sleep apnea patients. [Journal Article]
- UUrolithiasis 2019 Jun 17
- Urolithiasis is a common urologic problem among adults worldwide. It is interesting that urinary stones tend to recur on the same side and the pathophysiology of unilateral stone formation is not cle…
Urolithiasis is a common urologic problem among adults worldwide. It is interesting that urinary stones tend to recur on the same side and the pathophysiology of unilateral stone formation is not clearly understood. Researchers found that sleep posture could alter renal perfusion, and subsequent vascular injury may lead to urolithiasis formation. The aim of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the correlations between the specific sleep postures recorded in polysomnography (PSG) and the stone laterality in unilateral urinary stone formers with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We retrospectively reviewed patients receiving PSG for the diagnosis of OSA in our institutes between January 1st 2002 and September 30th 2016. Those had a history of unilateral urinary stones which surgical intervention was warranted were included. Supine, prone, right decubitus, and left decubitus sleep postures were determined as patients remained specific postures for more than 50% of their sleep time. The laterality of stones with sleep posture was analyzed with Chi-square test. A student t test was used to assess factors that influenced the ipsilateral stone formation. IBM SPSS Statistics 21 software was adopted to analyze the data, and p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. 117 patients were enrolled in this study, among which 105 (89.7%) were male and 12 were female. The mean age at PSG examination was 53.5 ± 11.5 years. 66 patients were diagnosed as left-side urolithiasis, and 51 patients had urinary stones at right side. 58 (49.6%) patients slept predominantly in supine posture, while 53 (45.3%) patients, in decubitus posture, and no patient, in prone posture. A total of 51 patients' stones appeared at the same side as their decubitus posture (p < 0.0001). Shorter sleep stage I ratio (24.3 ± 15.5% versus 52.4 ± 24.7%, p = 0.017), longer sleep stage II + III + IV ratio (66.2 ± 21.9% versus 30.9 ± 2.8, p = 0.049), and less sleep stage change (176.6 ± 69.6 times versus 282.5 ± 91.2 times, p = 0.041) were correlated with stone formation on the same side. Age, gender, body mass index, and other polysomnographic parameters failed to demonstrate associations between the sides of urinary calculi and sleep postures. We discovered that sleep posture is associated with unilateral urolithiasis formation. Favorable sleep quality and less sleep stage changes could consolidate the correlations. Further prospective study is warranted to evaluate the effect of sleep posture and quality on non-OSA patients as well as the preventive effect of sleep posture modification on repeated unilateral stone formers.
- Loss of haptic feedback impairs control of hand posture: a study in chronically deafferented individuals when grasping and lifting objects. [Journal Article]
- EBExp Brain Res 2019 Jun 17
- Previous work has highlighted the role of haptic feedback for manual dexterity, in particular for the control of precision grip forces between the index finger and thumb. It is unclear how fine motor…
Previous work has highlighted the role of haptic feedback for manual dexterity, in particular for the control of precision grip forces between the index finger and thumb. It is unclear how fine motor skills involving more than just two digits might be affected, especially given that loss of sensation from the hand affects many neurological patients, and impacts on everyday actions. To assess the functional consequences of haptic deficits on multi-digit grasp of objects, we studied the ability of three rare individuals with permanent large-fibre sensory loss involving the entire upper limb. All three reported difficulties in everyday manual actions (ABILHAND questionnaire). Their performance in a reach-grasp-lift task was compared to that of healthy controls. Twenty objects of varying shape, mass, opacity and compliance were used. In the reach-to-grasp phase, we found slower movement, larger grip aperture and less dynamic modulation of grip aperture in deafferented participants compared to controls. Hand posture during the lift phase also differed; deafferented participants often adopted hand postures that may have facilitated visual guidance, and/or reduced control complexity. For example, they would extend fingers that were not in contact with the object, or fold these fingers into the palm of the hand. Variability in hand postures was increased in deafferented participants, particularly for smaller objects. Our findings provide new insights into how the complex control required for whole hand actions is compromised by loss of haptic feedback, whose contribution is, thus, highlighted.
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- Recurrence of low back pain is common: a prospective inception cohort study. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Physiother 2019 Jun 14
- CONCLUSIONS: Recurrence of low back pain is very common, with more than two-thirds of individuals having a recurrence within 12 months after recovery. Prognostic factors for a recurrence include exposure to awkward posture, longer time sitting, and more than two previous episodes.