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(prophylactic)
90,779 results
  • Epicutaneous sensitization to food allergens in Atopic Dermatitis: What do we know? [Review]
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019Tham EH, Rajakulendran M, … Van Bever HP
  • Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease mainly affecting children, which has no definitive curative therapy, apart from natural outgrowing. AD is persistent in 30% to 40% of children. Epithelial barrier dysfunction in AD is a significant risk factor for the development of epicutaneous food sensitization, food allergy and other allergic disorders. There is evidence that proph…
  • Thyroid Cancer in the Pediatric Population. [Review]
    Genes (Basel) 2019; 10(9)Paulson VA, Rudzinski ER, Hawkins DS
  • Thyroid cancer is rare in the pediatric population, but thyroid carcinomas occurring in children carry a unique set of clinical, pathologic, and molecular characteristics. In comparison to adults, children more often present with aggressive, advanced stage disease. This is at least in part due to the underlying biologic and molecular differences between pediatric and adult thyroid cancer. Specifi…
  • Yeast Models for Amyloids and Prions: Environmental Modulation and Drug Discovery. [Review]
    Molecules 2019; 24(18)Chernova TA, Chernoff YO, Wilkinson KD
  • Amyloids are self-perpetuating protein aggregates causing neurodegenerative diseases in mammals. Prions are transmissible protein isoforms (usually of amyloid nature). Prion features were recently reported for various proteins involved in amyloid and neural inclusion disorders. Heritable yeast prions share molecular properties (and in the case of polyglutamines, amino acid composition) with human…
  • Silk-Based Therapeutics Targeting Pseudomonas aeruginosa. [Journal Article]
    J Funct Biomater 2019; 10(3)McKay TB, Parker RN, … Kaplan DL
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) infections may lead to severe damage of the cornea, mucosa, and skin. The highly aggressive nature of P. aeruginosa and the rise in multi-drug resistance, particularly in nosocomial settings, lead to an increased risk for permanent tissue damage and potentially death. Thus, a growing need exists to develop alternative treatments to reduce both the occurrence…
  • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Reactivation Following Pharmacological Eradication of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). [Review]
    Viruses 2019; 11(9)Pisaturo M, Macera M, … Coppola N
  • The US Food and Drug Administration issued a black box warning related to the risk of reactivation of overt/occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during direct acting-antivirals (DAA) treatment. This review evaluated the prevalence of HBV reactivation after hepatitis C virus (HCV) pharmacological suppression and hypothesized the management and prevention of this reactivation. During and after …
  • Hysterectomy and Adenextomy via transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES): A UK perspective with a case series of 33 patients. [Journal Article]
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019; 242:29-32Karkia R, Giacchino T, … Kovoor E
  • CONCLUSIONS: Between January and December 2018, 33 patients underwent surgery between two units. Indications for surgery included dysfunctional uterine bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia, pelvic pain, post-menopausal bleeding, prophylactic surgery in BRCA positive patients and one grade 1 stage 1 endometrial cancer in whom laparoscopic hysterectomy was technically difficult and complicated by previous midline laparotomy. Ages ranged from 35 to 75 and BMI from 20-53. Mean operation time was 68.5 min and mean blood loss intraoperatively was 269mls. 15.2% (n = 5) had a blood loss equal or more than 500 mls. There were no intraoperative complications and no conversions to open surgery. The median visual analogue pain score at 6 h post operatively and at discharge was 0. All patients received regular Paracetamol and Ibuprofen and opiate based analgesics were only used on an as required basis. Postoperative complication which included failed trial without catheter, urinary tract infection and urinary dysfunction were reported by four women (12.4%). Only 2 patients re-presented to hospital over a 30-day period and neither required inpatient management. Hysterectomy by vNOTES has advantages over traditional laparoscopic and vaginal hysterectomy that include reduced requirement for intra-abdominal insufflation and head down, absence of trocar related injuries and easier operative access in patients with morbid obesity, or previous abdominal surgery such as midline laparotomy or mesh hernia repair. In addition, both tubes and ovaries can be removed easily due to easier access and visibility and there is no requirement for vaginal descent in order to do so. Plans for a comparative study between laparoscopic hysterectomy and vNOTES hysterectomy are underway.
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