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7,137 results
  • Fire as a key driver of Earth's biodiversity. [Journal Article]
  • BRBiol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Jul 12
  • He T, Lamont BB, Pausas JG
  • Many terrestrial ecosystems are fire prone, such that their composition and structure are largely due to their fire regime. Regions subject to regular fire have exceptionally high levels of species r…
  • Muscle fibre activation is unaffected by load and repetition duration when resistance exercise is performed to task failure. [Journal Article]
  • JPJ Physiol 2019 Jul 11
  • Morton RW, Sonne MW, … Phillips SM
  • CONCLUSIONS: Performing resistance exercise with heavier loads is often proposed to be necessary for the recruitment of larger motor units and activation of type II muscle fibres, leading to type II fibre hypertrophy. Indirect measures (surface electromyography - EMG) have been used to support this thesis, but we propose that lighter loads lifted to task failure (i.e., volitional fatigue) result in similar activation of type II fibres. In this study we had participants perform resistance exercise to task failure with heavier and lighter loads with both a normal and longer repetition duration (i.e., time under tension). Type I and type II muscle fibre glycogen depletion was determined by neither load nor repetition duration during resistance exercise performed to task failure. Surface EMG amplitude was not related to muscle fibre glycogen depletion or anabolic signalling; however, muscle fibre glycogen depletion and anabolic signalling were related. Performing resistance exercise to task failure, regardless of load lifted or repetition duration, necessitates the activation of type II muscle fibres.
  • The experience of patients and family caregivers during hospital-at-home in France. [Journal Article]
  • BHBMC Health Serv Res 2019 Jul 09; 19(1):470
  • Rossinot H, Marquestaut O, de Stampa M
  • CONCLUSIONS: HAH strongly involved the patient's caregiver(s) all along the process. HAH's development necessitates to associate both patients and caregivers and to take into account their needs at every step. This study highlights the need to better assess the ability of the caregiver to cope with his or her relative in HAH with acute and subacute care at home.
  • Comparative effectiveness of treatments for high-risk prostate cancer patients. [Journal Article]
  • UOUrol Oncol 2019 Jul 05
  • Jayadevappa R, Lee DI, … Malkowicz SB
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results also demonstrate long-term overall survival benefits for EBRT + BT ± ADT, and greater bowel and bladder side effects over a decade, compared to RP. The RP group had advantage for long-term prostate-cancer specific mortality, compared to EBRT + ADT group. Thus, RP can provide superior cancer control with clear cost advantage for older men with high-risk disease. In terms of value proposition, our results support RP as preferred treatment option, compared to EBRT + ADT and EBRT + BT ± ADT for high-risk prostate cancer patients.
  • How and Why the Brain Evolves Time. [Journal Article]
  • BBBehav Brain Res 2019 Jul 02; :112071
  • Hancock PA
  • The present work evaluates the proposition that the dimension of time is iatrogenically created. That is, time is a property that necessarily emerges alongside the genesis of living systems. Humans, …
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