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43,472 results
  • Characteristics and outcomes of lung cancer in solid organ transplant recipients. [Journal Article]
    Lung Cancer. 2020 Jun 20; 146:297-302.Chen LN, Spivack J, … Shu CA
  • CONCLUSIONS: When compared to non-transplant patients with lung cancer, post-transplant patients have worse overall survival after accounting for differences in age, sex, lung cancer stage, comorbidities, and performance status. This survival difference is not solely attributable to differences in tumor histology and treatments received. This may suggest that post-transplant malignancies are more aggressive and difficult to treat.
  • Adolescent oxytocin treatment affects resident behavior in aggressive but not tame adult rats. [Journal Article]
    Physiol Behav. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Kozhemyakina RV, Shikhevich SG, … Gulevich RG
  • There are indications that exposing adolescent rodents to oxytocin (OT) promotes social activity and reduces anxiety in adulthood. Adult male gray rats selected for elimination and enhancement of the aggressive response to humans, when exposed to OT, showed divergent changes in the resident behavior towards the intruder. It could be assumed that adolescent administration of both OT and antagonist…
  • Extending the ecology of fear: parasite-mediated sexual selection drives host response to parasites. [Journal Article]
    Physiol Behav. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Horn CJ, Mierzejewski MK, … Luong LT
  • The 'ecology of fear' describes the negative effects natural enemies have on potential victims even when those victims are not consumed or infected. Although recent work has demonstrated parasites have non-consumptive effects (NCE) on potential hosts, how these effects vary within the host population is not well understood. We investigated how NCE vary based on host risk of infection and relative…
  • Messages around contraceptive use and implications in rural Malawi. [Journal Article]
    Cult Health Sex. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Bornstein M, Huber-Krum S, … Norris A
  • The unmet need for contraception in Malawi remains high, despite progress increasing knowledge and access over the past two decades. Understanding the reasons for this unmet need is critical to programme planning and service delivery. In this study, we conducted 30 in-depth interviews and 13 focus group discussions with women and men in rural Malawi to understand social, cultural and relational b…
  • Binge Drinking by Occupation Groups among Currently Employed U.S. Adults in 32 States, 2013-2016. [Journal Article]
    Subst Use Misuse. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Shockey TM, Esser MB
  • Background: Excessive alcohol use, including binge drinking (i.e., ≥5 drinks (males); ≥4 drinks (females), per occasion during the past 30 days), is associated with work-related injuries, absenteeism, and lost productivity. Binge drinking varies by sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., age, sex, income). However, information on binge drinking by occupation is limited. Purpose: This study exam…
  • Primary Care Perceptions and Practices on Discussion and Advice Regarding Sexual Practices. [Journal Article]
    South Med J. 2020 Jul; 113(7):356-359.Pujalte GGA, Effiong II, … Waller TA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified several barriers that family physicians may face when initiating discussions and advising patients on safe sexual practices. To prevent new cases of STIs, it is important to work around these barriers to improve physician-patient communication. This can be further improved by providing continuous learning opportunities for medical students, residents, and board-certified family physicians on ways to appropriately counsel patients on safe sexual practices.
  • Differences in directed functional brain connectivity related to age, sex and mental health. [Journal Article]
    Hum Brain Mapp. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Lund MJ, Alnaes D, … Kaufmann T
  • Functional interconnections between brain regions define the "connectome" which is of central interest for understanding human brain function. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance (rsfMRI) work has revealed changes in static connectivity related to age, sex, cognitive abilities and psychiatric symptoms, yet little is known how these factors may alter the information flow. The commonly used…
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