- TAK-137, an AMPA receptor potentiator with little agonistic effect, produces antidepressant-like effect without causing psychotomimetic effects in rats. [Journal Article]
- PBPharmacol Biochem Behav 2019 Jun 13
- Ketamine produces a rapid-onset antidepressant effect in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD), although it concurrently causes undesirable psychotomimetic side effects. Accumulating evi…
Ketamine produces a rapid-onset antidepressant effect in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD), although it concurrently causes undesirable psychotomimetic side effects. Accumulating evidence suggests that ketamine produces antidepressant effects via activation of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPA-R), with consequent activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and up-regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We previously reported that TAK-137, an AMPA-R potentiator with little agonistic effect, had potent procognitive effects with lower risks of bell-shaped dose-response and seizure induction. In this study, we characterized the potential of TAK-137 as a novel antidepressant in rats. In rat primary cortical neurons, TAK-137 increased the phosphorylated form of Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, mTOR, and p70S6 kinase, and dose-dependently increased the expression level of BDNF protein. The antidepressant-like effects of ketamine and TAK-137 were assessed on the day after final administration using the novelty-suppressed feeding test in rats. A single intraperitoneal administration of ketamine shortened the latency to feed. Under these conditions, oral administration of TAK-137 for 3 days shortened the feeding latency. Ketamine induced hyperlocomotion and PPI reduction, which may be associated with psychotomimetic effects, while TAK-137 did not. TAK-137 may be a safer and rapid-onset therapeutic drug for the treatment of major depressive disorder, including TRD.
- Highs and lows of cannabinoid-dopamine interactions: effects of genetic variability and pharmacological modulation of catechol-O-methyl transferase on the acute response to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in humans. [Journal Article]
- PPsychopharmacology (Berl) 2019 Jun 11
- CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between COMT rs4680 polymorphisms and tolcapone on the cognitive, but not on the psychotomimetic and overall subjective effects of THC, suggests that modulation of dopaminergic signaling may selectively influence specific cannabinoid effects in healthy individuals. The role of dopaminergic signaling in the cognitive effects of cannabinoids should be considered in drug development efforts targeting these effects. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00678730?term=NCT00678730&rank=1 ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00678730.
- NMDA Receptor Antagonist Effects on Speech-Related Mismatch Negativity and Its Underlying Oscillatory and Source Activity in Healthy Humans. [Journal Article]
- FPFront Pharmacol 2019; 10:455
- CONCLUSIONS: -Neural effects of NMDA receptor blockade on speech processing were assessed in a ketamine model.-Ketamine reduced MMN, theta power, theta phase locking factor and regional cortical current density.-Psychosis-like symptoms induced by ketamine were related to baseline (placebo) neural measures of speech processing.
- Cannabidivarin completely rescues cognitive deficits and delays neurological and motor defects in male Mecp2 mutant mice. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Psychopharmacol 2019 May 14; :269881119844184
- CONCLUSIONS: CBDV administration exerts an enduring rescue of memory deficits in Mecp2 mutant mice, an effect that is associated with the normalization of BDNF, IGF-1 and rpS6 phosphorylation levels as well as CB1 and CB2 receptor expression. CBDV delays neurological defects but this effect is only transient.
- Cannabidiol Enhances the Therapeutic Effects of TRAIL by Upregulating DR5 in Colorectal Cancer. [Journal Article]
- CCancers (Basel) 2019 May 09; 11(5)
- Cannabidiol, a major non-psychotomimetic compound derived from Cannabis sativa, is a potential therapeutic agent for a variety of diseases such as inflammatory diseases, chronic neurodegenerative dis…
Cannabidiol, a major non-psychotomimetic compound derived from Cannabis sativa, is a potential therapeutic agent for a variety of diseases such as inflammatory diseases, chronic neurodegenerative diseases, and cancers. Here, we found that the combination of cannabidiol and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) produces synergistic antitumor effects in vitro. However, this synergistic effect was not observed in normal colonic cells. The levels of ER stress-related proteins, including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and phosphorylated protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) were increased in treatment of cannabidiol. Cannabidiol enhanced significantly DR5 expression by ER stress. Knockdown of DR5 decreased the combined effect of cannabidiol and TRAIL. Additionally, the combination of TRAIL and cannabidiol decreased tumor growth in xenograft models. Our studies demonstrate that cannabidiol enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis by upregulating DR5 and suggests that cannabidiol is a novel agent for increasing sensitivity to TRAIL.
- Neuro-behavioral effects after systemic administration of MK-801 and disinhibition of the anterior thalamic nucleus in rats: Potential relevance in schizophrenia. [Journal Article]
- BRBrain Res 2019 Sep 01; 1718:176-185
- Non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) antagonists have been suggested to evoke psychotomimetic-like behaviors by selectively targeting GABAergic elements in cortical and thalamic cir…
Non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) antagonists have been suggested to evoke psychotomimetic-like behaviors by selectively targeting GABAergic elements in cortical and thalamic circuits. In previous studies, we had reported the involvement of the reticular and anterior thalamic nuclei (ATN) in the MK-801-evoked hyperactivity and other motor alterations. Consistent with the possibility that these responses were mediated by thalamic disinhibition, we examined the participation of cortical and hippocampal areas innervated by ATN in the responses elicited by the systemic administration of MK-801 (0.2 mg/kg) and compared them to the effects produced by the microinjection of a subconvulsive dose of bicuculline (GABAA receptor antagonist) in the ATN. We used the expression of Fos related antigen 2 (Fra-2) as a neuronal activity marker in the ATN and its projection areas such as hippocampus (HPC), retrosplenial cortex (RS), entorhinal cortex (EC) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Dorsal (caudate-putamen, CPu) and ventral striatum (nucleus accumbens, core and shell, NAc,co and NAc,sh) were also studied. Behavioral and brain activation results suggest a partial overlap after the effect of MK-801 administration and ATN disinhibition. MK-801 and ATN disinhibition increases locomotor activity and disorganized movements, while ATN disinhibition also reduces rearing behavior. A significant increase in Fra-2 immunoreactivity (Fra-2-IR) in the ATN, mPFC (prelimbic area, PrL) and NAc,sh was observed after MK-801, while a different pattern of Fra-2-IR was detected following ATN disinhibition (e.g., increase in DG and NAc,sh, and decrease in PrL cortex). Overall, our data may contribute to the understanding of dysfunctional neural circuits involved in schizophrenia.
- Cannabidiol attenuates aggressive behavior induced by social isolation in mice: Involvement of 5-HT1A and CB1 receptors. [Journal Article]
- PNProg Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 May 02; 94:109637
- Long-term single housing increases aggressive behavior in mice, a condition named isolation-induced aggression or territorial aggression, which can be attenuated by anxiolytic, antidepressant, and an…
Long-term single housing increases aggressive behavior in mice, a condition named isolation-induced aggression or territorial aggression, which can be attenuated by anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antipsychotic drugs. Preclinical and clinical findings indicate that cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa, has anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antipsychotic properties. Few studies, however, have investigated the effects of CBD on aggressive behaviors. Here, we investigated whether CBD (5, 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg; i.p.) could attenuate social isolation-induced aggressive behavior in the resident-intruder test. Male Swiss mice (7-8 weeks) were single-housed for 10 days (resident mice) to induce aggressive behaviors, while conspecific mice of same sex and age (intruder mice) were group-housed. During the test, the intruder was placed into the resident's home-cage and aggressive behaviors initiated by the resident, including the latency for the first attack, number of attacks, and total duration of aggressive encounters, were recorded. The involvement of 5-HT1A and CB1 receptors (CB1R) in the effects of CBD was also investigated. All tested CBD doses induced anti-aggressive effects, indicated by a decrease in the number of attacks. CBD, at intermediary doses (15 and 30 mg/kg), also increased latency to attack the intruder and decreased the duration of aggressive encounters. No CBD dose interfered with locomotor behavior. CBD anti-aggressive effects were attenuated by the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY100635 (0.3 mg/kg) and the CB1 antagonist AM251 (1 mg/kg), suggesting that CBD decreases social isolation-induced aggressive behaviors through a mechanism associated with the activation of 5-HT1A and CB1 receptors. Also, CBD decreased c-Fos protein expression, a neuronal activity marker, in the lateral periaqueductal gray (lPAG) in social-isolated mice exposed to the resident-intruder test, indicating a potential involvement of this brain region in the drug effects. Taken together, our findings suggest that CBD may be therapeutically useful to treat aggressive behaviors that are usually associated with psychiatric disorders.
- Emerging evidence for the antidepressant effect of cannabidiol and the underlying molecular mechanisms. [Review]
- JCJ Chem Neuroanat 2019; 98:104-116
- Significant limitations with the currently available antidepressant treatment strategies have inspired research on finding new and more efficient drugs to treat depression. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non…
Significant limitations with the currently available antidepressant treatment strategies have inspired research on finding new and more efficient drugs to treat depression. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic component of Cannabis sativa, and emerges in this regard as a promising compound. In 2010, we were the first laboratory to demonstrate that CBD is effective in animal models of predictive of antidepressant effect, a finding now confirmed by several other groups. Recent evidence suggests that CBD promotes both a rapid and a sustained antidepressant effect in animal models. CBD has a complex pharmacology, with the ability to interact with multiple neurotransmitter systems involved in depression, including the serotonergic, glutamatergic, and endocannabinoid systems. Moreover, CBD induces cellular and molecular changes in brain regions related to depression neurobiology, such as increased Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) levels and synaptogenesis in the medial prefrontal cortex, as well as it increases neurogenesis in the hippocampus. This review presents a comprehensive critical overview of the current literature related to the antidepressant effects of CBD, with focus at the possible mechanisms. Finally, challenges and perspectives for future research are discussed.
- Descriptive Psychopathology of the Acute Effects of Intravenous Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Administration in Humans. [Journal Article]
- BSBrain Sci 2019 Apr 25; 9(4)
- CONCLUSIONS: These results have implications for future research, also in light of cannabis being the most widely used illicit drug.
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- Characterization of the Safety and Pharmacokinetic Profile of D-Methadone, a Novel N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Antagonist in Healthy, Opioid-Naive Subjects: Results of Two Phase 1 Studies. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 May/Jun; 39(3):226-237
- CONCLUSIONS: These results support the safety and continued clinical development of D-methadone as an NMDAR antagonist for the treatment of depression and other central nervous system disorders.