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Unbound Medicine.
(pyosalpinx)
208 results
  • Imaging Evaluation of Fallopian Tubes and Related Disease: A Primer for Radiologists. [Journal Article]
    Radiographics. 2020 Sep-Oct; 40(5):1473-1501.Revzin MV, Moshiri M, … Menias CO
  • A wide range of benign and malignant processes can affect one or both fallopian tubes. Familiarity with and recognition of the characteristic imaging features of these diseases and conditions are imperative for accurate diagnosis and prompt patient management. Disorders including pelvic inflammatory disease (hydrosalpinx and pyosalpinx in particular), isolated tubal torsion and ovarian torsion wi…
  • Xanthogranulomatous Salpingitis. [Journal Article]
    Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2020 Sep; 39(5):468-472.Chiesa-Vottero A
  • There are approximately a dozen cases of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis reported in the literature, mostly as case reports. Thirteen such cases were identified from 2003 to 2018 at our institution. Patient's ages ranged from 21 to 75 yr old (median and mean, 49 yr). Clinical presentations and surgical indications included pelvic inflammatory disease (5 cases), endometrial carcinoma (4 cases), su…
  • [Pelvic inflammatory disease is a rare cause of acute abdomen in a child]. [Case Reports]
    Ugeskr Laeger. 2019 Mar 04; 181(10)Kolind RS, Møller NK, Holm K
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a frequent cause of acute abdomen among sexually active females, although rarely seen in girls prior to their sexual debut. In this case report, a 12-year-old girl was hospitalised due to abdominal pain. She was virgo and premenarcheal. A laparoscopy showed a normal appendix but revealed pyosalpinx. A follow-up with ultrasound of the genitalia interna showed n…
  • Pediatric pyosalpinx without sexually transmitted infection: A report of 3 cases. [Case Reports]
    Radiol Case Rep. 2019 Apr; 14(4):501-504.Pfeifer CM, Williams LE, … Lagomarsino EM
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease commonly occurs in adults and is most frequently caused by sexually-transmitted organisms. When left untreated, it can progress to abscess formation and subsequent infertility due to tubal scarring. This condition rarely occurs in the pediatric population and even less frequently in the absence of sexual activity. The cases presented here depict 3 cases of pyosalpinx d…
  • Bilateral hydrosalpinx in patients with Hirschsprung's disease. [Journal Article]
    J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Oct; 53(10):1945-1950.Palazón P, Saura L, … Julià V
  • CONCLUSIONS: An association between hydrosalpinx and HD was observed. The development of hydrosalpinx was not associated with surgical approach in our study. Females with HD should have a gynecological follow-up for the development of hydrosalpinx, which can impair fertility.
  • Echography of clinically relevant disorders in the genital tract of female dromedary camels. [Journal Article]
    Anim Reprod Sci. 2017 Jul; 182:123-133.Ali A, Derar D, … Al Sobayil F
  • The aim of this study was to characterize the clinically relevant genital tract disorders of dromedary camels. Reproductive tract examinations were performed via transrectal palpation, ultrasonography and vaginal exploration. The ultrasonic appearance of the reproductive pathology was described and compared with its morphology at laparotomy, after surgical removal, during postmortem examination o…
  • Ovarian Response and in Vitro Fertilization Outcomes After Salpingectomy: Does Salpingectomy Indication Matter? [Journal Article]
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2017 Mar - Apr; 24(3):446-454.e1.Pereira N, Pryor KP, … Rosenwaks Z
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although our findings indicate that patients undergoing IVF after salpingectomy for an ectopic pregnancy have a statistically significantly longer duration of stimulation and require higher gonadotropin doses compared with patients undergoing IVF after salpingectomy for other indications, these differences are of limited clinical significance, given that the total number of oocytes retrieved, implantation rate, and clinical pregnancy rate among the different salpingectomy groups are comparable to those in controls.
  • MRI in pelvic inflammatory disease: a pictorial review. [Review]
    Abdom Radiol (NY). 2017 03; 42(3):935-950.Czeyda-Pommersheim F, Kalb B, … Martin D
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an ascending infection of the female genital tract caused by the spread of bacteria from the vagina to the pelvic reproductive organs and occasionally the peritoneum. The most common causative organisms are sexually transmitted. PID is a significant source of morbidity among reproductive age women both as a cause of abdominal pain and as a common cause of infe…
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Multimodality Imaging Approach with Clinical-Pathologic Correlation. [Review]
    Radiographics. 2016 Sep-Oct; 36(5):1579-96.Revzin MV, Mathur M, … Spektor M
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common medical problem, with almost 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Historically, PID has been a clinical diagnosis supplemented with the findings from ultrasonography (US) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, the diagnosis of PID can be challenging because the clinical manifestations may mimic those of other pelvic and abdominal processes. Given…
  • Pyosalpinx causing acute appendicitis in a 32-year-old Cameroonian female: a case report. [Case Reports]
    BMC Res Notes. 2016 Jul 26; 9:368.Agbor VN, Njim T, Aminde LN
  • CONCLUSIONS: We describe to the best of our knowledge, the first case of an acute appendicitis caused by an extrinsic obstruction of the appendiceal lumen by a pyosalpinx. The close proximity of the caecum to the right fallopian tube most likely accounted for this occurrence. Although a rare entity, physicians should always keep in mind very rare causes of an acute appendicitis to guide management. This case highlights the shortcomings of pelvic ultrasonography in the diagnosis this condition. A pelvic computed tomography scanning should therefore be sought in case of a doubtful pelvic ultrasonography result. Finally, there is an urgent need to improve the awareness on sexually transmitted infections in our setting.
  • Sharma's Python Sign: A New Tubal Sign in Female Genital Tuberculosis. [Case Reports]
    J Lab Physicians. 2016 Jul-Dec; 8(2):120-2.Sharma JB
  • Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is an important cause of infertility in developing countries. Various type of TB salpingitis can be endosalpingitis, exosalpingitis, interstitial TB salpingitis, and salpingitis isthmica nodosa. The fallopian tubes are thickened enlarged and tortuous. Unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx or pyosalpinx may be formed. A new sign python sign is presented in which f…
  • Magnetic resonance imaging structured reporting in infertility. [Review]
    Fertil Steril. 2016 06; 105(6):1421-31.Montoliu-Fornas G, Martí-Bonmatí L
  • Our objective was to define and propose a standardized magnetic resonance (MR) imaging structured report in patients with infertility to have clinical completeness on possible diagnosis and severity. Patients should be studied preferable on 3T equipment with a surface coil. Standard MR protocol should include high-resolution fast spin-echo T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted images and gradient-echo …
  • Isolated Torsion of Accessory Fallopian Tube in a Young Adolescent. [Case Reports]
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2016 Aug; 29(4):e57-8.Rottenstreich M, Smorgick N, … Vaknin Z
  • CONCLUSIONS: Torsion of an accessory fallopian tube is rare. An English literature search showed that the current case is the third reported overall and the first in a young adolescent. Because of the rarity of this congenital variation, and the low suspicion index for its existence, the diagnosis of accessory tube is often missed. Preventive removal of such findings should be considered but weighed against its possible surgical complications.
  • Non-neoplastic diseases of the fallopian tube: MR imaging with emphasis on diffusion-weighted imaging. [Review]
    Insights Imaging. 2016 Jun; 7(3):311-27.Foti PV, Ognibene N, … Ettorre GC
  • CONCLUSIONS: MRI is the method of choice to study adnexal pelvic masses. Qualitative and quantitative functional imaging with DWI can be of help in characterization of tubaric diseases, provided that findings are interpreted in conjunction with those obtained with conventional MRI sequences.• Nondilated fallopian tubes are not usually seen on MR images. • MRI is the method of choice to characterize and localize utero-adnexal masses. • MRI allows characterization of lesions through evaluation of the fluid content's signal intensity. • DWI in conjunction with conventional MRI sequences may improve tissue characterization. • Pelvic inflammatory disease is the most common tubal pathology.
  • A Rare Case of Flare-Up of PID in Infertility Treatment. [Journal Article]
    Case Rep Obstet Gynecol. 2015; 2015:146468.Wadhwa L, Wadhwa SN, Jindal S
  • CONCLUSIONS: The possibility of flare-up of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) in treated case of tuberculosis undergoing infertility management should be kept in mind and aggressive management should be done.
  • Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome: pre- and post-surgical MRI and US findings. [Review]
    Abdom Imaging. 2015 Oct; 40(7):2667-82.Dias JL, Jogo R
  • Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) is a rare congenital anomaly of the female urogenital tract that associates Müllerian duct anomalies with mesonephric duct anomalies. The triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis characterizes this syndrome. Patients generally present with non-specific symptoms after menarche. Pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and palpable …
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