- Using Web-Based Pin-Drop Maps to Capture Activity Spaces Among Young Adults Who Use Drugs in Rural Areas: Cross-Sectional Survey. [Review]JMIR Public Health Surveill 2019; 5(4):e13593JP
- CONCLUSIONS: Missingness for mapping items was low and unlikely to introduce bias, given that it varied across few participant characteristics. Precision results were mixed. In a rural study area of 1378 square miles, most pin-drop home addresses were near a structure; it is unsurprising that fewer drug and sex locations were near structures because most participants reported engaging in these activities outside at times. The error in pin-drop home locations, however, might be too large for some purposes. We offer several recommendations to strengthen future research, including gathering metadata on the extent to which participants zoom in on each map and recruiting participants via trusted staff.
- What is the prognosis for a live birth after unexplained recurrent implantation failure following IVF/ICSI? [Journal Article]Hum Reprod 2019HR
- What is the cumulative incidence of live birth and mean time to pregnancy (by conception after IVF/ICSI or natural conception) in women experiencing unexplained recurrent implantation failure (RIF) following IVF/ICSI treatment?
What is the cumulative incidence of live birth and mean time to pregnancy (by conception after IVF/ICSI or natural conception) in women experiencing unexplained recurrent implantation failure (RIF) following IVF/ICSI treatment?
- Electronic consultations (E-consults) and their outcomes: a systematic review. [Journal Article]J Am Med Inform Assoc 2019JAMIA
- CONCLUSIONS: Despite stakeholder enthusiasm and encouraging results in the literature to date, more rigorous study designs applied across all outcomes are needed. Policy makers need to know what benefits may be expected in what contexts, so they can define appropriate measures of success and determine how to achieve them.
- Prevalence of undifferentiated inflammatory arthropathy in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in an endocrinology clinic. [Journal Article]Int J Rheum Dis 2019IJ
- CONCLUSIONS: Almost 1 in 4 patients with HT had no definite rheumatic disease present with UIA. An early identification of concurrent arthritis in HT patients is necessary for thorough differential diagnosis and prompt treatment initiation to halt potential joint damage and disability.
- Implementing a structured model for osteoarthritis care in primary healthcare: A stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. [Journal Article]PLoS Med 2019; 16(10):e1002949PM
- CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a structured model in primary care resulted in higher quality of OA care as compared to usual care. Future studies should explore ways to implement the structured model for integrated OA care on a larger scale.
- Social desirability bias impacts self-reported alcohol use among persons with HIV in Uganda. [Journal Article]Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019AC
- CONCLUSIONS: While use of objective measures (e.g. alcohol biomarkers) is desirable for measuring alcohol use, SDS scores may be used to adjust self-reported drinking levels by participants' level of social desirability in HIV research studies.
- Association between enrollment factors and incident cognitive impairment in Blacks and Whites: Data from the Alzheimer's Disease Center. [Journal Article]Alzheimers Dement 2019AD
- CONCLUSIONS: The finding that Blacks demonstrated lower rate of progression than Whites is contrary to the extant literature. Nested-regression analyses suggested that selection-related factors, differing by race, may account for these findings and influence our ability to accurately estimate risk for progression. It is potentially problematic to make racial comparisons using Alzheimer's Disease Center data sets.
- Survival Outcomes After Heart Transplantation: Does Recipient Sex Matter? [Journal Article]Circ Heart Fail 2019; 12(10):e006218CH
- CONCLUSIONS: Overall survival does not differ between men and women after cardiac transplantation. Women who survive to heart transplantation appear to have lower risk features than male recipients but receive hearts from higher risk donors.
- Association of rosacea with inflammatory bowel disease: A MOOSE-compliant meta-analysis. [Meta-Analysis]Medicine (Baltimore) 2019; 98(41):e16448M
- Rosacea has been reported with several systemic comorbidities, but its relationship with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unclear. Thus, our objective is to conduct a meta-analysis on the association of rosacea with IBD.We conduct a meta-analysis and searched MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Embase databases for case-controlled and cohort studies that assessed the association of rosacea with IBD from inc…
Rosacea has been reported with several systemic comorbidities, but its relationship with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unclear. Thus, our objective is to conduct a meta-analysis on the association of rosacea with IBD.We conduct a meta-analysis and searched MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Embase databases for case-controlled and cohort studies that assessed the association of rosacea with IBD from inception to July 2nd, 2018. Two authors independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Disagreement was resolved by discussion. We performed random-effects model meta-analysis to obtain the pooled risk estimates for Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients with rosacea.We included three case-control and three cohort studies. The risk of bias of included studies was generally low. The meta-analysis on case-control studies showed marginally increased odds of CD (pooled odds ratio (OR) 1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.99-1.69) and a significantly increased odds of UC (pooled OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.43-1.89) in patients with rosacea. The meta-analysis on cohort studies demonstrated significant increased risk of CD (pooled hazard ratio (HR) 1.58, 95% CI 1.14-2.20) and UC (pooled HR 1.18, 95% CI 1.01-1.37) in patients with rosacea.The evidence indicates an association of rosacea with IBD. If patients with rosacea suffer from prolonged abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bloody stool, referral to gastroenterologists may be considered.
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- Sex-Based Disparities in the Hourly Earnings of Surgeons in the Fee-for-Service System in Ontario, Canada. [Journal Article]JAMA Surg 2019JS
- CONCLUSIONS: Even within a fee-for-service system, male and female surgeons do not have equal earnings for equal hours spent working, suggesting that the opportunity to perform the most lucrative surgical procedures is greater for men than women. These findings call for a comprehensive analysis of drivers of sex-based earning disparities, including referral patterns, and highlight the need for systems-level solutions.