- Posttraumatic Symptoms and Change of Complicated Grief among Bereaved Families of the Sewol Ferry Disaster: One Year Follow-up Study. [Journal Article]
- JKJ Korean Med Sci 2019 Jul 22; 34(28):e194
- CONCLUSIONS: It is important to evaluate changes in severity of PTSD and its treatment during management of CG, especially when it involves bereaved families experiencing a traumatic accident.
- Class and ambition in the status attainment process: A Spanish replication. [Journal Article]
- BJBr J Sociol 2019 Jul 21
- There are two principal theoretical schools that seek to explain status outcomes in early adulthood: those focusing on intergenerational transmission of class privilege and those emphasizing individu…
There are two principal theoretical schools that seek to explain status outcomes in early adulthood: those focusing on intergenerational transmission of class privilege and those emphasizing individual characteristics, particularly ambition. The first may be called the structuralist school and the second the psycho-social school, following the Wisconsin Model of Status Attainment. A second structuralist perspective, Segmented Assimilation, highlights transmission of socio-economic status across immigrant generations, but emphasizes the positive role of co-ethnic resources for upward mobility and preventing downward assimilation. We examine these alternative predictions using a large longitudinal sample of youths in Spain that includes both children of native parentage and children of immigrants. Spain possesses characteristics that make it uniquely suitable to examine these predictions. Results show that both family socio-economic status and ambition, measured by adolescent educational aspirations and expectations, play important roles in educational and occupational attainment, but the influence of family status persists even after controlling for ambition. The influence of co-ethnic nationalities disappears after these controls, except among Chinese and Filipino youths, a result consistent with segmented assimilation. Predictive models of status attainment yield identical results for children of immigrants and children of natives, indicating that in Spain, they have become part of a common youth universe. Theoretical and practical implications of the analysis are discussed.
- Effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy versus Electroacupuncture on Postnatal Scanty Milk Secretion: A Randomized Controlled Trial. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Perinatol 2019 Jul 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Electroacupuncture is more effective than low-level laser therapy in increasing postnatal scanty milk secretion.
- ELMO Domain Containing 1 (ELMOD1) Gene Mutation Is Associated with Mental Retardation and Autism Spectrum Disorder. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Mol Neurosci 2019 Jul 20
- ELMO domain containing 1 (ELMOD1) encodes a protein with GTPase-activating functions. Previous studies have confirmed its overexpression in brain tissues. Although no previous study has reported muta…
ELMO domain containing 1 (ELMOD1) encodes a protein with GTPase-activating functions. Previous studies have confirmed its overexpression in brain tissues. Although no previous study has reported mutations in this gene in human subjects, spontaneous inactivating mutations in the mouse homolog of this gene have been associated with deafness and balance problems. In the current study, we have performed whole exome sequencing (WES) in a patient with intellectual disability. We found a novel mutation in ELMOD1 gene (c.571delG, p.D191MfsTer25) in the proband and two other affected cases in the family. Segregation analysis showed that parents carried the mutation in the heterozygote state. Consequently, the current study reports the first case of mutation in ELMOD1 in human subjects and demonstrates the significant difference in the phenotypes associated with ELMOD1 mutations in humans and mice.
- Protein Kinase C Attenuates Insulin Signalling Cascade in Insulin-Sensitive and Insulin-Resistant Neuro-2a Cells. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Mol Neurosci 2019 Jul 20
- Protein kinase C (PKC) family of enzymes is known to be a feedback regulator of insulin signalling pathway in peripheral insulin-responsive tissues. Insulin signalling is reported to be required for …
Protein kinase C (PKC) family of enzymes is known to be a feedback regulator of insulin signalling pathway in peripheral insulin-responsive tissues. Insulin signalling is reported to be required for maintaining cognitive abilities in brain. PKCs are involved in innumerable neuronal processes including differentiation, apoptosis, survival, maintaining synaptic plasticity, long-term potentiation and memory formation. In the present study, we made an attempt to elucidate the role of PKC, if any, in regulating insulin signalling and insulin resistance in Neuro-2a (N2a) cells in vitro. We show that phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) -activated PKC inhibited Akt activation in neuronal cell, N2a. In the process of inhibiting Akt, PMA-activated PKC decreased downstream insulin signalling proteins like Akt substrate 160 kDa (AS160) and glycogen synthase kinase (GSK3β), followed by a decrease of glucose uptake in N2a cells. PKC activation caused insulin resistance in N2a cells and worsened the resistant state of already insulin-resistant cells. Hence, our study demonstrated that the activation of PKC attenuates insulin signalling cascade and make N2a cells insulin-resistant.
- Socio-economic impact on women diagnosed and treated for breast cancer: a cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
- CTClin Transl Oncol 2019 Jul 20
- CONCLUSIONS: QOL among women diagnosed with breast cancer is quite high and stable. Nevertheless, there are some very relevant aspects to QOL that need to be considered whilst caring for patients with BC to achieve rehabilitation as complete and comprehensive as possible.
- Virus-Mediated Overexpression of ETS-1 in the Ventral Hippocampus Counteracts Depression-Like Behaviors in Rats. [Journal Article]
- NBNeurosci Bull 2019 Jul 20
- ETS-1 is a transcription factor that is a member of the E26 transformation-specific (ETS) family. Galanin receptor 2 (GalR2), a subtype of receptors of the neuropeptide galanin, has been shown to hav…
ETS-1 is a transcription factor that is a member of the E26 transformation-specific (ETS) family. Galanin receptor 2 (GalR2), a subtype of receptors of the neuropeptide galanin, has been shown to have an antidepressant-like effect after activation in rodents. Our previous study has shown that overexpression of ETS-1 increases the expression of GalR2 in PC12 phaeochromocytoma cells. However, whether ETS-1 has an antidepressant-like effect is still unclear. In this study, we found that chronic mild stress (CMS) decreased the expression of both ETS-1 and GalR2 in the ventral hippocampus of rats. Meanwhile, we demonstrated that overexpression of ETS-1 increased the expression of GalR2 in primary hippocampal neurons. Importantly, we showed that overexpression of ETS-1 in the ventral hippocampus counteracted the depression-like behaviors of CMS rats. Furthermore, we found that overexpression of ETS-1 increased the level of downstream phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (p-ERK1/2) of GalR2 in the ventral hippocampus of CMS rats. Taken together, our findings suggest that ETS-1 has an antidepressant-like effect in rats, which might be mediated by increasing the level of GalR2 and its downstream p-ERK1/2 in the ventral hippocampus.
- Central Noradrenergic Agonists in the Treatment of Ischemic Stroke-an Overview. [Review]
- TSTransl Stroke Res 2019 Jul 20
- Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality with a significant health burden worldwide and few treatment options. Among the short- and long-term effects of ischemic stroke is the …
Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality with a significant health burden worldwide and few treatment options. Among the short- and long-term effects of ischemic stroke is the cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic dysfunction, presented in part as the by-product of the ischemic damage to the noradrenergic centers of the brain. Unlike high levels in the plasma, the brain may face suboptimal levels of norepinephrine (NE), with adverse effects on the clinical and functional outcomes of ischemic stroke. The intravenous administration of NE and other sympathomimetic agents, in an attempt to increase cerebral perfusion pressure, often aggravates the ischemia-induced rise in blood pressure (BP) with life-threatening consequences for stroke patients, the majority of whom present with hypertension at the time of admission. Unlike the systemic administration, the central administration of NE reduces BP while exerting anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. These characteristics of centrally administered NE, combined with the short latency of response, make it an ideal candidate for use in the acute phase of stroke, followed by the use of centrally acting noradrenergic agonists, such as NE reuptake inhibitors and B2-adrenergic receptor agonists for stroke rehabilitation. In addition, a number of nonpharmacological strategies, such as transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) and trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS), have the potential to enhance the central noradrenergic functional activities and improve stroke clinical outcomes. Many factors could influence the efficacy of the noradrenergic treatment in stroke patients. These factors include the type of the noradrenergic agent; the dose, frequency, and duration of administration; the timing of administration in relation to the acute event; and the site and characteristics of the ischemic lesions. Having this knowledge, combined with the better understanding of the regulation of noradrenergic receptors in different parts of the brain, would pave the path for the successful use of the centrally acting noradrenergic agents in the management of ischemic stroke.
- Identification of microRNAS differentially regulated by water deficit in relation to mycorrhizal treatment in wheat. [Journal Article]
- MBMol Biol Rep 2019 Jul 20
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are soil microrganisms that establish symbiosis with plants positively influencing their resistance to abiotic stresses. The aim of this work was to identify wheat …
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are soil microrganisms that establish symbiosis with plants positively influencing their resistance to abiotic stresses. The aim of this work was to identify wheat miRNAs differentially regulated by water deficit conditions in presence or absence of AMF treatment. Small RNA libraries were constructed for both leaf and root tissues considering four conditions: control (irrigated) or water deficit in presence/absence of mycorrhizal (AMF) treatment. A total of 12 miRNAs were significantly regulated by water deficit in leaves: five in absence and seven in presence of AMF treatment. In roots, three miRNAs were water deficit-modulated in absence of mycorrhizal treatment while six were regulated in presence of it. The most represented miRNA family was miR167 that was regulated by water deficit in both leaf and root tissues. Interestingly, miR827-5p was differentially regulated in leaves in the absence of mycorrhizal treatment while it was water deficit-modulated in roots irrespective of AMF treatment. In roots, water deficit repressed miR827-5p, miR394, miR6187, miR167e-3p, and miR9666b-3p affecting transcription, RNA synthesis, protein synthesis, and protein modifications. In leaves, mycorrhizae modulated miR5384-3p and miR156e-3p affecting trafficking and cell redox homeostasis. DNA replication and transcription regulation should be targeted by the repression of miR1432-5p and miR166h-3p. This work provided interesting insights into the post-transcriptional mechanisms of wheat responses to water deficit in relation to mycorrhizal symbiosis.
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- Substitution of dietary protein sources in relation to colorectal cancer risk in the NIH-AARP cohort study. [Journal Article]
- CCCancer Causes Control 2019 Jul 20
- CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that substituting plant protein for animal protein, especially red meat protein, is associated with a reduced risk of CRC, and suggests that protein source impacts CRC risk.