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48,602 results
  • Socioeconomic Correlates of Obesity in African-American and Caribbean-Black Men and Women. [Journal Article]
    J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Barrington DS, James SA, Williams DR
  • The high prevalence of obesity among Black Americans warrants additional investigation into its relationship with socioeconomic position (SEP), sex, and ethnicity. This cross-sectional study utilizes 2001-2003 data from the National Survey of American Life, a nationally representative sample of 3570 African-Americans and 1621 Caribbean-Blacks aged 18 years and older. Multivariate logistic regress…
  • Response of process performance and microbial community to ammonia stress in series batch experiments. [Journal Article]
    Bioresour Technol. 2020 Jun 30; 314:123768.Zhang H, Peng Y, … Li L
  • To further clarify the key stage and microorganisms responsible for ammonia inhibition instability, three sequential batch experiments were conducted with various ammonia concentrations and different exposure modes. Acetate metabolism was most sensitive to ammonia, however, after continuous ammonia exposure, acetate metabolism was well restored by a shift in dominant microorganisms. In contrast, …
  • Cognitive disorders in people living with HIV. [Review]
    Lancet HIV. 2020 Jul; 7(7):e504-e513.Winston A, Spudich S
  • High rates of cognitive disorders in antiretroviral-treated people living with HIV have been described worldwide. The exact prevalence of such cognitive disorders is determined by the definitions used, and the presence of these cognitive disorders significantly impacts the overall wellbeing of people with HIV. With the cohort of people with HIV becoming increasingly older, and having high rates o…
  • Elimination of trachoma from Morocco: a historical review. [Review]
    East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Jun 24; 26(6):713-719.Hammou J, Obtel M, … Belmekki M
  • Since the 1950s, the Kingdom of Morocco has been and remains one of the pioneers in the fight against trachoma, a disease that has completely disappeared in the majority of its national territory, but some endemic pockets have persisted and pose a health risk, particularly for children and women. Morocco finds itself today, thanks to years of joint efforts, at the forefront of the world stage of …
  • Molecular Detection of Avian Infectious Bronchitis Viruses in Live Bird Markets, Gilan Province. [Journal Article]
    Arch Razi Inst. 2020 Jun; 75(2):155-162.Rezaee H, Ghalyanchi Langeroudi A, … Esmaeelzadeh Dizaji R
  • Coronaviruses (AvCoV) which include infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and other bird coronaviruses belong to the genus gammacoronavirus, subfamily Coronavirinae. One of the most prominent representatives of gammacoronavirus genus is infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) which is a highly contagious viral pathogen of chickens causing considerable economic losses to the poultry industry. IBVs mostly af…
  • Assessment of watershed characteristics with limited water quantity and quality data. [Journal Article]
    Environ Monit Assess. 2020 Jul 03; 192(8):486.Kim TJ
  • The evaluations of water quantity and quality and then modeling of its phenomenon are required for water quality protection in Brady Creek watershed. This study is to predict the monthly flow, reservoir storage volume, and salinity; estimate the benefit of brush and aging flood-retardation dam control; and evaluate the impact of evaporation and discharge from Waste Water Treatment Plans (WWTP). T…
  • Thrombocytopenia in Chronic Liver Disease: New Management Strategies. [Review]
    Clin Liver Dis. 2020 Aug; 24(3):437-451.Nilles KM, Flamm SL
  • Thrombocytopenia is common in advanced liver disease, and such patients frequently need invasive procedures. Numerous mechanisms for thrombocytopenia exist, including splenic sequestration and reduction of levels of the platelet growth factor thrombopoietin. Traditionally, platelet transfusions have been used to increase platelet counts before elective procedures, usually to a threshold of greate…
  • Ayurveda in Early Life to Prevent Noncommunicable Diseases From Epigenetical Alterations. [Journal Article]
    Altern Ther Health Med. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Kuldeep C, Neha D, … Kumar BB
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ayurveda has accurately described the correlation between the influences of the intrauterine environment , and the dietary habits and lifestyle of the mother, and the onset of diseases in later life. Emerging and developing sciences, such as epigenetics, can provide a better understanding of diseases caused by changes in genes without alterations in the DNA sequence.
  • Matriptase and prostasin proteolytic activities are differentially regulated in normal and wounded skin. [Journal Article]
    Hum Cell. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Chang SC, Chiang CP, … Lin CY
  • Orchestrated control of multiple overlapping and sequential processes is required for the maintenance of epidermal homeostasis and the response to and recovery from a variety of skin insults. Previous studies indicate that membrane-associated serine protease matriptase and prostasin play essential roles in epidermal development, differentiation, and barrier formation. The control of proteolysis i…
  • Reservoir water quality simulation with data mining models. [Journal Article]
    Environ Monit Assess. 2020 Jul 02; 192(7):482.Arefinia A, Bozorg-Haddad O, … Loáiciga HA
  • Water pollution is a concern in the management of water resources. This paper presents a statistical approach for data mining of patterns of water pollution in reservoirs. Genetic programming (GP), artificial neural network (ANN), and support vector machine (SVM) are applied to reservoir quality modeling. Input data for GP, ANN, and SVM were derived with the CE-QUAL-W2 numerical water quality sim…
  • High nitrogen solubility in stishovite (SiO2) under lower mantle conditions. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 02; 10(1):10897.Fukuyama K, Kagi H, … Sano Y
  • Nitrogen is a crucial volatile element in the early Earth's evolution and the origin of life. Despite its importance, nitrogen's behavior in the Earth's interior remains poorly understood. Compared to other volatile elements, nitrogen is depleted in the Earth's atmosphere (the so-called "missing nitrogen"), calling for a hidden deep reservoir. To investigate nitrogen's behavior in the deep Earth …
  • The regeneration of Acer rubrum L. "October Glory" through embryonic callus. [Journal Article]
    BMC Plant Biol. 2020 Jul 02; 20(1):309.Dai CW, Yan YY, … Yao HY
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the course of our research, we found that PGRs play an important role in the callus induction stage, and the effect of TDZ is particularly obvious; The callus cells grow and proliferate according to the "S" growth curve, and can be sub-cultured when the highest growth point is reached to maintain the rapid proliferation of the callus cells and to avoid inactivation of callus caused by tight niche.
  • Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis: A threat to elimination program. [Review]
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2020 Jul; 14(7):e0008221.Gedda MR, Singh B, … Sundar S
  • Leishmaniasis remains a public health concern around the world that primarily affects poor folks of the developing world spanning across 98 countries with mortality of 0.2 million to 0.4 million annually. Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is the late skin manifestation of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). It has been reported that about 2.5% to 20% of patients recovered from VL develop PKDL h…
  • The Care and Keeping of Clinicians in Quality Improvement. [Journal Article]
    Int J Qual Health Care. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Shaikh U, Lachman P, … McCarthy SE
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight areas that organizations and professional development programs should focus on to promote clinician development and engagement in quality improvement. Barriers related to training, time, mentorship, organizational support, and implementation must be concurrently addressed to augment the effectiveness of other approaches.
  • Detection of Carbapenem-Resistant Genes in Escherichia coli Isolated from Drinking Water in Khartoum, Sudan. [Journal Article]
    J Environ Public Health. 2020; 2020:2571293.Mahmoud NE, Altayb HN, Gurashi RM
  • Waterborne Escherichia coli are a major reservoir of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Carbapenem-resistance, especially when mediated by transferable carbapenemase-encoding genes, is spreading worldwide and causing dramatically limiting treatment options. In our country, studies for the detection of carbapenem resistance in drinking water do not exist; therefore, this work was carried out to deter…
  • Glass 3D printing of microfluidic pressure sensor interrogated by fiber-optic refractometry. [Journal Article]
    IEEE Photonics Technol Lett. 2020 Apr; 32(7):414-417.Zhang Q, Lei J, … Xiao H
  • This letter reports a novel fused silica microfluidic device with pressure sensing capability that is fabricated by integrated additive and subtractive manufacturing (IASM) method. The sensor consists of a capillary and a 3D printed glass reservoir, where the reservoir volume change under pressure manifests liquid level deviation inside the capillary, thus realizing the conversion between small p…
  • Isolation and characterization of the first freshwater cyanophage infecting Pseudanabaena. [Journal Article]
    J Virol. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Zhang D, You F, … Gin KY
  • Cyanobacteria are the major primary producers in both freshwater and marine environments. However, the majority of freshwater cyanophages remain unknown due to the limited number of cyanophage isolates. In this study, we present a novel lytic freshwater cyanophage PA-SR01 which was isolated from Singapore Serangoon Reservoir. To our knowledge, this is the first isolate of cyanophage that has been…
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