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1,646 results
  • Modelling bacterial twitching in fluid flows: a CFD-DEM approach. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep 2019; 9(1):14540Jayathilake PG, Li B, … Chen J
  • Bacterial habitats are often associated with fluid flow environments. Bacterial twitching is important for initial bacterial colonization and biofilm formation. The existing research about bacteria twitching is largely experimental orientated. There is a lack of models of twitching motility of bacteria in shear flows, which could provide fundamental understanding about how bacterial twitching wou…
  • Migratory and Dancing Macrophage Subsets in Atherosclerotic Lesions. [Journal Article]
    Circ Res 2019McArdle S, Buscher K, … Ley K
  • CONCLUSIONS: The combination of quantitative intravital imaging with deep transcriptomes identified four subsets of vascular macrophages in atherosclerosis that have unique transcriptomic profiles. Our data are the first to link vascular macrophage transcriptomes to their in vivo migratory function. Future work on the functional significance of the change in gene expression and motility characteristics will be needed to fully understand how these subsets contribute to disease progression.
  • Clustering of Entanglement Points in Highly Strained Polymer Melts. [Journal Article]
    Macromolecules 2019; 52(17):6756-6772Hsu HP, Kremer K
  • Polymer melts undergoing large deformation by elongation are studied by molecular dynamics simulations of bead-spring chains in melts. By applying a primitive path analysis to strongly deformed polymer melts, the role of topological constraints in highly entangled polymer melts is investigated and quantified. We show that the overall, large scale conformations of the primitive paths (PPs) of stre…
  • Risk of Wrong-Patient Orders Among Multiple vs Singleton Births in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units of 2 Integrated Health Care Systems. [Journal Article]
    JAMA Pediatr 2019Adelman JS, Applebaum JR, … Salmasian H
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that multiple-birth status in the NICU is associated with significantly increased risk of wrong-patient orders compared with singleton-birth status. This excess risk appears to be owing to misidentification between siblings. These results suggest that a distinct naming convention as required by The Joint Commission may provide insufficient protection against identification errors among multiple-birth infants. Strategies to reduce this risk include using given names at birth, changing from temporary to given names when available, and encouraging parents to select names for multiple births before they are born when acceptable to families.
  • The cheek expander enables tonsillectomy with a wide view and working space. [Journal Article]
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2019Anzai T, Tsunoda A, … Ikeda K
  • Tonsillectomy is the most commonly performed otolaryngological surgeries. Although a surgical method had been established, obtaining a clear surgical field still remains problematic, and injury to the corners of the mouth may occur. For safer tonsillectomy, we use a cheek expander coupled with a Davis mouth gag. The devise retract both corners of the mouth to a wide lateral position. We report he…
  • Analysis of Signaling Mechanisms Regulating Microglial Process Movement. [Journal Article]
    Methods Mol Biol 2019; 2034:191-205Kyrargyri V, Attwell D, … Madry C
  • Microglia, the brain's innate immune cells, are extremely motile cells, continuously surveying the central nervous system (CNS) to serve homeostatic functions and to respond to pathological events. In the healthy brain, microglia exhibit a small cell body with long, branched, and highly motile processes, which constantly extend and retract, effectively "patrolling" the brain parenchyma. Over the …
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