- Inappropriate use of ritodrine hydrochloride for threatened preterm birth in Japan: a retrospective cohort study using a national inpatient database. [Journal Article]
- BPBMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jun 18; 19(1):204
- CONCLUSIONS: Long-term tocolysis was associated with an increased incidence of maternal adverse effects in the current study using real-world data. Japanese clinicians should adjust their tocolytic treatment practices in accordance with the latest scientific evidence or make efforts to verify the effectiveness and safety of long-term tocolysis.
- Prolongation of Second Twin's Delivery Until Term: A Rare Case of Delayed-Interval Delivery. [Journal Article]
- CMClin Med Res 2019; 17(1-2):37-40
- Although some cases describing delayed birth of the second twin have been published recently, delay of delivery beyond 36 weeks seems scarce. We report a case of delayed-interval delivery wherein pro…
Although some cases describing delayed birth of the second twin have been published recently, delay of delivery beyond 36 weeks seems scarce. We report a case of delayed-interval delivery wherein prolongation of the second twin's delivery until term with a subsequent favorable infantile outcome. In this case, the stillbirth of the first twin occurred at 25 weeks' gestation. Prophylactic tocolysis was performed with ritodrine and magnesium sulfate, and a McDonald cerclage was performed 2 days after delivery of the first twin. Ampicillin and gentamicin were also administered for the purpose of prevention of intrauterine infection. No clinical sign of chorioamnionitis was found thereafter, and full term uneventful delivery was achieved. With this experience, we believe that delayed-interval delivery can be effective in prolonging gestation and should be an option if the first twin developed an extreme preterm delivery.
- Opioid analgesics are the leading cause of adverse drug reactions in the obstetric population in South Korea. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2019; 98(21):e15756
- Medication use during pregnancy is gradually increasing; however, the safety of this practice remains largely unknown.We investigated medications with the most adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among pre…
Medication use during pregnancy is gradually increasing; however, the safety of this practice remains largely unknown.We investigated medications with the most adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among pregnant women and the clinical features of those medications.Reports of ADRs among pregnant women were extracted from the Korea Adverse Events Reporting System (January 2012-December 2015). We analyzed the data of drugs frequently reported to cause ADRs and their clinical features among 3 age groups.A total of 5642 ADRs among 3428 patients were analyzed. The number of ADR reports increased annually. The most common drug categories causing ADRs were analgesics, followed by gynecologic, uterotocolytic, anti-infective, antidiabetic, analgesic, and antihypertensive drugs. Analgesics comprised 6 opioids (morphine, fentanyl, hydromorphone, oxycodone, tramadol, pethidine) and an anti-pyretics (nefopam and ketorolac). As an individual drug, ritodrine (24.4%) was the most frequently reported, followed by morphine, 5-HT3 serotonin antagonist, nefopam, fentanyl, magnesium sulfate, insulin lispro, cefazedone, sodium chloride, hydromorphone, oxycodone, cefotetan, nifedipine, human insulin, tramadol, ketorolac, pethidine, methylergometrine, metoclopramide, and misoprostol (in that order). ADRs most frequently occurred in women aged 25 to 34 years, and the trend of ADR with the 20 most commonly reported medications significantly differed among the age groups (P = .011). In addition, the kind of common causative drugs was different among the age groups.Knowledge of medications and clinical conditions resulting in the highest ADR rates among pregnant women is necessary for medical practitioners to administer proper care.
- Incidence and risk factors of neonatal hypoglycemia after ritodrine therapy in premature labor: a retrospective cohort study. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pharm Health Care Sci 2019; 5:7
- CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia was significantly increased by maternal intravenous administration of RD. We newly identified maternal age (over 35 years) and the interval to delivery from stopping intravenous administration of RD (within 6 h) as independent risk factors for neonatal hypoglycemia following maternal intravenous administration of RD. In cases with these risk factors, careful blood glucose monitoring is recommended for early detection and treatment of neonatal hypoglycemia.
- Successful Delivery after Abdominal Radical Trachelectomy, Using Transabdominal Cerclage in Early Pregnancy. [Case Reports]
- AMActa Med Okayama 2019; 73(2):173-176
- Radical trachelectomy (RT) is a fertility-sparing surgery for cervical cancer. Postoperative pregnancies have a high risk of abortion and prematurity. To prevent this, a procedure involving transabdo…
Radical trachelectomy (RT) is a fertility-sparing surgery for cervical cancer. Postoperative pregnancies have a high risk of abortion and prematurity. To prevent this, a procedure involving transabdominal cerclage (TAC) was devised for shortened cervical canals post-RT. Here we describe the successful management of a pregnancy after abdominal RT (ART). The 34-year-old patient was gravida 1, para 0. When she was 27, she underwent ART for stage Ib1 cervical cancer, and she became pregnant 7 years later. Because her cervical canal was 16.7 mm during early pregnancy, we performed TAC at 12 weeks of pregnancy. Post-surgery, we administered an infusion of ritodrine hydrochloride for tocolysis. A selective caesarean section was performed at 36 weeks, with the delivery of a healthy infant.
- Safety and Efficacy of Tocolytics for the Treatment of Spontaneous Preterm Labour. [Journal Article]
- CPCurr Pharm Des 2019; 25(5):577-592
- CONCLUSIONS: The perfect tocolytic that is uniformly effective and safe does not exist. Cost, licensing and informed consent are considerations involved in the choice. Efforts continue to develop and introduce other or better agents, including novel compounds such as progesterone, PGF2α antagonists and statins.
- Neonatal ventricular tachycardia: Adverse event possibly due to maternal ritodrine. [Case Reports]
- PIPediatr Int 2019; 61(3):298-299
- Antenatal corticosteroid administration in women undergoing tocolytic treatment who delivered before 34 weeks of gestation: a retrospective cohort study using a national inpatient database. [Journal Article]
- BPBMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 09; 19(1):17
- CONCLUSIONS: In Japan, many patients who receive tocolytic treatment for threatened preterm birth do not receive antenatal glucocorticoid treatment as recommended. Recommended treatment based on apparent evidences should be performed for the patients with threatened preterm birth.
- Characterization of the vaginal microbiota of Japanese women. [Journal Article]
- AAnaerobe 2018; 54:172-177
- The composition of vaginal microbiota changes throughout life in response to health status, sexual activity, and pregnancy. Here the constitution of the vaginal microbiota among non-pregnant women, p…
The composition of vaginal microbiota changes throughout life in response to health status, sexual activity, and pregnancy. Here the constitution of the vaginal microbiota among non-pregnant women, pregnant woman, and commercial sex workers (CSWs) in Japan were compared. Vaginal samples were obtained from 54 women between January 2014 and February 2015 and the microbiota of each was analyzed by 16S metagenomics as well as cluster and diversity analyses to identify differences. In addition, vaginal Lactobacillus spp. were isolated for comparison. Furthermore, data regarding the use of ritodrine hydrochloride by pregnant women was collected from medical charts. The vaginal microbiota were clustered into three groups. Group 1 was most often dominated by Lactobacillus spp., whereas groups 2 and 3 included not only Lactobacillus spp. but also Bifidobacterium, Atopobium, Prevotella, and Gardnerella spp., in addition to a few other taxa. In non-pregnant women, the proportions of microbes in groups 1, 2, and 3 were 31.8%, 36.4%, and 31.8%, respectively. In pregnant women, the abundance of group 1 microbes was notably greater than that of groups 2 and 3 (66.7% vs. 12.5% and 20.8%, respectively). In CSWs, the prevalence of group 3 microbes was far greater than that of group 1 (87.5% vs. 12.5%, respectively). The alpha diversity of non-pregnant women was significantly greater than that of pregnant women. The detection rate of live Lactobacillus spp. in CSWs was lower than in pregnant and non-pregnant women (25% vs. 50% and 68.2%, respectively). The vaginal microbiota of most pregnant women (60%) who received ritodrine hydrochloride was not dominated by Lactobacillus spp. These results suggest that there were clear differences in the colonization rate of Lactobacillus spp. among non-pregnant, pregnant, and CSW women groups. In addition, the dominance of Lactobacillus may influence the risk of preterm birth among women who received ritodrine hydrochloride during pregnancy.
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- Potent tocolytic activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Ananas comosus on rat and human uteri. [Journal Article]
- BPBiomed Pharmacother 2018; 105:824-834
- The aim of this study was to investigate the tocolytic properties of Ananas comosus extract in rat and human uterine tissue in vitro and in the rat in vivo. Organ bath technique was employed to perfo…
The aim of this study was to investigate the tocolytic properties of Ananas comosus extract in rat and human uterine tissue in vitro and in the rat in vivo. Organ bath technique was employed to perform functional studies in vitro. The PhysioTel transmitter was implanted in SD rats to measure the changes in intrauterine pressure (IUP) in vivo. Analyses of F2 was performed using LC-HRMS. F2 produced a non-selective inhibitory response on oxytocin, prostaglandin F2α, acetylcholine and KCl. The inhibitory activity of F2 on oxytocin-induced contraction was not attenuated by propranolol, TEA, glibenclamide and indomethacin. Nω-Nitro-L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, suppressed the maximal tocolytic activity of F2 by 25%. DIDS, an inhibitor of chloride channels, appeared to suppress the relaxant effect of F2. F2 suppressed the oxytocin-induced contraction in Ca2+ free solution. The in vivo tocolytic activity of F2 and ritodrine were observed in non-pregnant rats during the estrous stage by suppressing the frequency and amplitude of IUP peaks following intrauterine administration. Chemical analysis confirmed the involvement of citric acid in the tocolytic activity of F2. However, another less polar fraction is essential to accompany citric acid to produce such potent inhibitory response of F2. It is likely that F2 exerted tocolytic activity by multiple mechanisms, including antagonizing L-type Ca2+ channels, interfering with the intracellular Ca2+ release mechanism and releasing nitric oxide. F2 would be a promising candidate to develop as a tocolytic agent.