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(ritualistic surgery)
40 results
  • [Urological sequelae of female genital mutilation]. [Review]
    Urologe A 2018; 57(10):1214-1220Pycha A, Pycha A, … Trenti E
  • Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the ritualistic removal of parts of the external female genitalia. The extent of mutilation as well as the age at which it is performed vary depending on ethnicity. We recognise four forms of mutilation based on the extent of tissue resection, ranging from clitridectomy to resection of the entire soft tissue of the external genitalia. The vast majority of the es…
  • Improving free-flap survival using intra-operative heparin: Ritualistic practice or evidence-base medicine? A systematic review. [Journal Article]
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2018; 63(3):e1-e5Couteau C, Rem K, … Cristofari S
  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of systemic per-operative heparin (intravenous injection) does not improve the survival of free flaps in either animal models or humans. In animal models, however, the use of topical intra-operative heparin (vessel irrigation) has been shown to improve the free-flap survival rate by avoiding thrombosis of microvascular anastomosis. Finally, in clinical studies concerning humans, as of now no prospective randomized trial has proven that use of topical intra-operative heparin to ensure vessel irrigation in ex-vivo flaps is likely to increase free-flap survival. Studies should be conducted to decide whether or not to validate a rather ritualistic practice that consists in irrigating the relevant vessels before anastomosis; does it or does it not improve the patency rate?
  • First evidence of pre-Hispanic dentistry in South America - Insights from Cusco, Peru. [Historical Article]
    Homo 2016; 67(2):100-9Ortiz A, Torres Pino EC, Orellana González E
  • Intentional dental modification (IDM) derived from archeological or ethnographic contexts has been extensively documented across the globe. Despite the wealth of information on IDM for personal ornamentation and ritualistic purposes, evidence of IDM for therapeutic reasons among early Native Americans is poorly known and limited to a handful of cases. We report two upper canines from two pre-Hisp…
  • Yubitsume: ritualistic self-amputation of proximal digits among the Yakuza. [Journal Article]
    J Inj Violence Res 2014; 6(2):54-6Bosmia AN, Griessenauer CJ, Tubbs RS
  • Yubitsume is the ritualistic self-amputation of the proximal digits at the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) among members of the Japanese Mafia, or Yakuza. This practice of self-mutilation is done as a sign of apology for making a mistake deemed punishable by higher-ranking members or violating the code of the Yakuza. Members of the Yakuza may present to emergency departments seeking medical as…
  • An unusual case of self-inflicted multiple needles injuries to eye. [Case Reports]
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2013; 61(9):516-7Gaur S, Bist HK, … Gupta M
  • Self-inflicted eye injuries among psychiatric patients are rare but important group of ophthalmic conditions that require close cooperation between different medical specialties to ensure optimum care of the severely disturbed patient. They have been associated with a variety of disorders, including paranoid schizophrenia, drug-induced psychosis, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, mental …
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