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3,636 results
  • Rosuvastatin-related rhabdomyolysis causing severe proximal paraparesis and acute kidney injury. [Journal Article]
    BMJ Case Rep 2019; 12(10)Hussain K, Xavier A
  • We describe the case of a 76-year-old man who presented with bilateral lower limb weakness associated with decreased urine output. His initial blood results showed acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3 with substantially raised serum creatine kinase concentration of 37 950 IU/L (normal range <171 U/L). He had been on high-dose rosuvastatin for 4 years with a recent brand change occurring 1 week prior…
  • Clinically relevant drug interactions between statins and antidepressants. [Review]
    J Clin Pharm Ther 2019Palleria C, Roberti R, … Russo E
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacodynamic (PD) drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are unlikely to occur as statins are highly selective inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase with no relevant effect on other enzymes or receptor systems. Despite the numerous PK studies on individual drugs belonging to statins and antidepressant agents, only a few case reports regarding specific DDIs are present in the literature and no clinical studies have been performed. PK data allow to speculate on potential DDIs, comparing the metabolic pathways, intestinal and liver transporters and elimination routes. Overall, second-generation antidepressants, in particular citalopram, escitalopram, mirtazapine, reboxetine and venlafaxine, have weak inhibitory effects on various cytochrome (CYP) isozymes and seem to have a more advantageous DDIs profile in vivo. Conversely, nefazodone, fluoxetine, paroxetine and fluvoxamine influence considerably CYPs activity with potential effects on statins plasma levels, although pravastatin, pitavastatin and rosuvastatin are not susceptible to inhibition by any CYP. Albeit no studies have been performed on P-glycoprotein (P-gp), interactions of clinical relevance are unlikely.Although DDIs with antidepressants are potentially, but rarely clinically significant, the use of antidepressants with a more favourable drug interaction profile is advisable. An evaluation on DDIs between these drugs can be useful for future PK/PD studies on drug-drug interaction to provide clinicians with more data for appropriate multiple drug regimens.
  • Peripheral polyneuropathy in patients receiving long-term statin therapy. [Journal Article]
    Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2019; 47(7):554-563Özdemir IH, Copkiran Ö, … Tıkız C
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed an increased risk of peripheral neuropathy with long-term statin use (>1 year). Electrodiagnostic changes have been detected in motor and sensory nerves in nerve conduction studies of patients on long-term statin treatment. The assessment of neurological symptoms, like tingling, numbness, pain and tremor in the hands and feet, and unsteadiness during walking associated with peripheral neuropathy may be useful in the follow-up of the patients on long-term statin treatment. Early detection of peripheral neuropathy and changing hypercholesterolemia treatment may prevent permanent nerve damage.
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