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84,167 results
  • Comparison of GOME-2 UVA Satellite Data to Ground-Based UVA Measurements in South Africa. [Journal Article]
    Photochem Photobiol. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]du Preez DJ, Parisi AV, … Wright CY
  • Satellite estimates of surface ultraviolet A (UVA) (315-400 nm) from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME)-2 were compared to ground-based measurements at four stations in South Africa for 2015. The comparison of daily exposure and daily maximum irradiance was completed for all-sky and clear-sky conditions. There is a strong linear correlation between the satellite and ground-based data w…
  • Adaptation to Extreme Antarctic Environments Revealed by the Genome of a Sea Ice Green Alga. [Journal Article]
    Curr Biol. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]Zhang Z, Qu C, … Miao J
  • The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas sp. ICE-L thrives in polar sea ice, where it tolerates extreme low temperatures, high salinity, and broad seasonal fluctuations in light conditions. Despite the high interest in biotechnological uses of this species, little is known about the adaptations that allow it to thrive in this harsh and complex environment. Here, we assembled a high-quality genome…
  • Google Search Trends in Onychomycosis: Influences of Flip Flops and Advertising. [Journal Article]
    J Cosmet Dermatol. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Gupta AK, Quinlan EM
  • CONCLUSIONS: In general, interest in toenail fungus and treatments are the highest when social anxiety about toenail appearance and the occurrence of fungal infection is the greatest. Curiosity about treatment products increase with their availability and visibility to the public. Combining the power of seasonal interest and advertising generates the greatest search profile for onychomycosis treatments.
  • Attitude of students of health professions towards a health care workers' mandatory vaccination: a multi-center cross-sectional survey. [Journal Article]
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2020 Jun; 42(2):87-93.Cedrone F, Santangelo OE, … Gianfredi V
  • CONCLUSIONS: Introduction. Seasonal influenza epidemics represent a cost that affects companies in terms of sick leave and lost productivity, therefore vaccination can improve occupational health. The vaccination of Healthcare Workers (HCW) has a dual function because in addition to protecting the workers, it also protects the most fragile patients. The students of medical and nursing degree courses, as well as other health professions, attend the workplace daily and are similar to workers in Legislative Decree 81/08. The purpose of this research is to assess the prevalence of students who are in favor of the introduction of a mandatory vaccination for healthcare workers, and to investigate what factors predispose them to be favorable. Methods. We performed a multi-center cross-sectional study using a validated questionnaire in a sample of students from different university courses from October 10th, 2017 to September 30th, 2018. For qualitative variables, absolute and relative frequencies, and for categorical variables Pearson's Chi-square test (χ2) were calculated. A multivariable logistic regression model was used. Results. A total of 3131 questionnaires were completed by 2132 women and 999 men. The prevalence of students who are favorable to the introduction of a mandatory flu vaccination is 87.3% and that this data is linked to the female gender (aOR 1.52 CI 95% 1.12-2.06), being a medical student compared to nursing (aOR 2.14 CI 95% 1.45-3.17), coming from central Italy (aOR 3.08 CI 95% 2.11-4.51) and northern Italy (aOR 3.09 CI 95% 2.12-4.49) compared to Southern Italy and the Islands, wanting to get vaccinated for the next season (aOR 6.37 CI 95% 3.73-10.88), declaring to have a good/excellent level of knowledge on vaccine-preventable diseases (aOR 1.44 CI 95% 1.04-1.99), planning a recommendation based on ministerial indications (aOR 2.12 CI 95% 1.28-2.30) and having received requests for clarification on vaccinations (aOR 2.02 CI 95% 1.44-2.85). Discussion. The sample of university students showed to be largely in agreement with the introduction of mandatory vaccination for HCW, which is important for the prevention of influenza virus in the workplace. To increase adherence of healthcare workers to vaccination campaigns against seasonal influenza in the workplace, it is necessary that operative strategies are implemented with educational messages.
  • Extremophilic microbial communities on photovoltaic panel surfaces: a two-year study. [Journal Article]
    Microb Biotechnol. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Tanner K, Molina-Menor E, … Porcar M
  • Solar panel surfaces can be colonized by microorganisms adapted to desiccation, temperature fluctuations and solar radiation. Although the taxonomic and functional composition of these communities has been studied, the microbial colonization process remains unclear. In the present work, we have monitored this microbial colonization process during 24 months by performing weekly measurements of the…
  • Monitoring pharmaceuticals and personal care products in water and fish from the Gulf of Urabá, Colombia. [Journal Article]
    Heliyon. 2020 Jun; 6(6):e04215.Pemberthy M D, Padilla Y, … Peñuela GA
  • Gulf of Urabá is considered a tourist zone of Antioquia Department attracts a large number of visitors to explore the aquatic ecosystem and beaches thus offering a large economic benefit. However, this region has been affected by various anthropogenic effects thus generating an environmental problematic that affect aquatic ecosystem. Over the years, several research has been evaluated pollutant s…
  • Determination of Antimicrobial Prescribing Practices in an Integrated Health System Emergency Department. [Journal Article]
    Kans J Med. 2020; 13:131-133.Sartain S, Price J, … Ortiz D
  • CONCLUSIONS: Important aspects of the project were the evaluation of antimicrobial prescribing habits for a midwest ED and identification of potential complications requiring future interventions for follow-up or preventative measures to assist in patient care and community health. Areas of practice improvement were identified inadvertently as a result of this project. Potential future studies included seasonal variability, whether the patient obtained a prescription and complied with treatment, and differences between inpatient and outpatient antimicrobial prescribing practices.
  • Relapse Patterns in NMOSD: Evidence for Earlier Occurrence of Optic Neuritis and Possible Seasonal Variation. [Journal Article]
    Front Neurol. 2020; 11:537.Khalilidehkordi E, Clarke L, … Broadley SA
  • Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) show overlap in their clinical features. We performed an analysis of relapses with the aim of determining differences between the two conditions. Cases of NMOSD and age- and sex-matched MS controls were collected from across Australia and New Zealand. Demographic and clinical information, including relapse histories, were…
  • Seasons of Syn. [Journal Article]
    Limnol Oceanogr. 2020 May; 65(5):1085-1102.Hunter-Cevera KR, Neubert MG, … Sosik HM
  • Synechococcus is a widespread and important marine primary producer. Time series provide critical information for identifying and understanding the factors that determine abundance patterns. Here, we present the results of analysis of a 16-yr hourly time series of Synechococcus at the Martha's Vineyard Coastal Observatory, obtained with an automated, in situ flow cytometer. We focus on understand…
  • Seasonal Variations in the Pathogenesis of Acute Coronary Syndromes. [Journal Article]
    J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Kurihara O, Takano M, … Jang IK
  • Background Seasonal variations in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have been reported, with incidence and mortality peaking in the winter. However, the underlying pathophysiology for these variations remain speculative. Methods and Results Patients with ACS who underwent optical coherence tomography were recruited from 6 countries. The prevalence of the 3 most common pathologies (plaque rupture, pl…
  • Acoustic and photographic monitoring of coastal maritime traffic: Influence on the soundscape. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):3749.Magnier C, Gervaise C
  • Due to the absence of Automatic Identification System data (used by 3.7% of the Calvi bay fleet), the acoustic monitoring of coastal environments presents difficulties. A specific visual monitoring protocol has been set up on a photographic observatory using the wide-angle camera GoPro®. The detection and localization of boats were carried by two image processing algorithms and allowed the creati…
  • Short-term effects of snow cover manipulation on soil bacterial diversity and community composition. [Journal Article]
    Sci Total Environ. 2020 Jun 23; 741:140454.Ren Y, Zhang L, … Kardol P
  • Winter snow cover is a major driver of soil microbial processes in high-latitude and high-altitude ecosystems. Warming-induced reduction in snow cover as predicted under future climate scenarios may shift soil bacterial communities with consequences for soil carbon and nutrient cycling. The underlying mechanisms, however, remain elusive. In the present study, we conducted a snow manipulation expe…
  • Machine learning for predicting greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils. [Journal Article]
    Sci Total Environ. 2020 Jun 19; 741:140338.Hamrani A, Akbarzadeh A, Madramootoo CA
  • Machine learning (ML) models are increasingly used to study complex environmental phenomena with high variability in time and space. In this study, the potential of exploiting three categories of ML regression models, including classical regression, shallow learning and deep learning for predicting soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from an agricultural field was explored. Carbon dioxide (CO2) a…
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