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- Motivations for cancer history disclosure among young adult cancer survivors. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cancer Surviv 2019; 13(3):447-458
- CONCLUSIONS: Gaining a better understanding of the cancer history disclosure decision processes of young adult cancer survivors can help them to better adapt and socially reintegrate back into their pre-cancer lives after the completion of treatment. Acknowledging and understanding the disclosure decision process and communication challenges faced by young cancer survivors can also be beneficial to healthcare professionals in the development and provision of better support interventions and informational resources to help improve psychosocial well-being after cancer.
- Charitable Contribution in Healthcare: What Drives Iranians to Donate Money? [Journal Article]
- AIArch Iran Med 2019 Mar 01; 22(3):109-115
- CONCLUSIONS: Better understanding of feelings, perceptions, benefits, and values of donors could improve the fund-raising practices in the Iranian health system.
- Pity: a qualitative study on Iranian women with breast cancer. [Journal Article]
- PPPatient Prefer Adherence 2019; 13:21-28
- CONCLUSIONS: Pity is a serious psychosocial challenge in Iranian women with BC, with negative effects on quality of life. Therefore, pity should be considered in counseling and psychosocial screening of patients.
- Understanding fatness in the public sphere of young students: social representations and emotional response. [Journal Article]
- CSCad Saude Publica 2018 09 06; 34(9):e00197917
- This study examines how youth collectively represent fatness and determines the emotions it arouses. Understanding how fatness is socially constructed by young people is crucial to create programs th…
This study examines how youth collectively represent fatness and determines the emotions it arouses. Understanding how fatness is socially constructed by young people is crucial to create programs that better deal with it. A free association exercise elicited by the word "fatness" was answered by 200 people of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (Spain), and the content was analyzed by its lexicon using Alceste software. The results showed that health-related representation of fatness was mostly descriptive, and it was not connected to risky or any emotional response. But fatness was also completely represented as a social pressure issue related to stigmatization and highly correlated with negative emotions, such as sadness, insecurity, embarrassment, anguish, lonesomeness, pity or anger. That is, risky and negative emotions were linked to social non-acceptance, and not with health problems. Thus, the conclusion is that fatness is transmitted from fear and not from a positive construction of the health.
- Core Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder among Palliative Care Patients. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Environ Res Public Health 2018 08 16; 15(8)
- A valid method to diagnose depression in palliative care has not been established. In this study, we aim to determine the prevalence of depression and the discriminant validity of the items of four s…
A valid method to diagnose depression in palliative care has not been established. In this study, we aim to determine the prevalence of depression and the discriminant validity of the items of four sets of diagnostic criteria in palliative care. This is a cross-sectional study on 240 palliative care patients where the presence of depression was based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM⁻IV Criteria, Modified DSM⁻IV Criteria, Cavanaugh Criteria, and Endicott's Criteria's. Anxiety, depression, and distress were measured with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Distress Thermometer. The prevalence of depression among the palliative care patients was highest based on the Modified DSM⁻IV Criteria (23.3%), followed by the Endicott's Criteria (13.8%), DSM⁻IV Criteria (9.2%), and Cavanaugh Criteria (5%). There were significant differences (p < 0.05) in the depressive symptoms showed by DSM⁻IV item 1 (dysphoric mood), item 2 (loss of interest or pleasure), and Endicott's criteria item 8 (brooding, self-pity, or pessimism) among the palliative patients, even after adjustment for the anxiety symptoms and distress level. We found that dysphoric mood, loss of interest, and pessimism are the main features of depression in palliative patients. These symptoms should be given more attention in identifying depression in palliative care patients.
- Perceived Discrimination and Emotional Reactions in People with Different Types of Disabilities: A Qualitative Approach. [Journal Article]
- SJSpan J Psychol 2018 May 15; 21:E12
- The purpose of this study is to assess the discourse of people with disabilities regarding their perception of discrimination and stigma. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten adults wit…
The purpose of this study is to assess the discourse of people with disabilities regarding their perception of discrimination and stigma. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten adults with physical disabilities, ten with hearing impairments and seven with visual impairments. The agreement between the coders showed an excellent reliability for all three groups, with kappa coefficients between .82 and .96. Differences were assessed between the three groups regarding the types of discrimination they experienced and their most frequent emotional responses. People with physical disabilities mainly reported being stared at, undervalued, and subtly discriminated at work, whereas people with hearing impairments mainly reported encountering barriers in leisure activities, and people with visual impairments spoke of a lack of equal opportunities, mockery and/or bullying, and overprotection. Regarding their emotional reactions, people with physical disabilities mainly reported feeling anxious and depressed, whereas people with hearing impairments reported feeling helpless, and people with visual impairments reported feeling anger and self-pity. Findings are relevant to guide future research and interventions on the stigma of disability.
- Contagion via Magical Thinking and via Mere Proximity. [Journal Article]
- EPExp Psychol 2018; 65(1):49-60
- People show an irrational dislike for objects that were once contaminated or had come into contact with an undesirable person, even if they are currently indistinguishable from other similar objects.…
People show an irrational dislike for objects that were once contaminated or had come into contact with an undesirable person, even if they are currently indistinguishable from other similar objects. To date, such negative contagion within the magical thinking literature has been shown only with inanimate objects. We addressed a boundary condition to see if it also extended to animate targets (dogs and children) while teasing out mere-proximity effects that would predict a similar contagion in the case of children. We used two different types of contagion, one based on proximity and one based on self-information. We found that magical thinking did extend to dogs but not to children when not confounded by mere-proximity effects. Also, contagion was less strong in the case of animate targets, but pity was not related to either this reduction or to the disappearance of the effect with children.
- Self-Stigma and Age-Related Hearing Loss: A Qualitative Study of Stigma Formation and Dimensions. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Audiol 2018 Mar 08; 27(1):126-136
- CONCLUSIONS: The study contributes to the theoretical and practical understanding of self-stigma regarding ARHL as well as to the understanding of the role of hearing devices in the development of this stigma.
- Gays vs. Russia: media representations, vulnerable bodies and the construction of a (post)modern West. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Engl Stud 2017; 21(3):241-257
- This essay analyses the recent focus on Russian human rights violations in Anglophone media, scrutinising the ideological agenda of the visual politics which strategically foreground victimised bodie…
This essay analyses the recent focus on Russian human rights violations in Anglophone media, scrutinising the ideological agenda of the visual politics which strategically foreground victimised bodies of Russian dissidents. Notwithstanding the importance of a critique on human rights violations, the article points to the unwanted but very real side effects the current mediatisations of violence have, from structural victimisation and the creation of 'gay martyrs' to the resignification of the West as progressive and 'gay' and Russia as backward and heterosexual. A close reading of popular press photographs of wounded Russian gay youth and the textual context - arguably representative for the Western media focus on the 'Eastern' violation of human rights between 2012 and 2014 - serves to illustrate how an image of Russian nation and Russian state politics is forged within Anglophone media discourses meant to reinforce the positive identity of the self-same by evoking pity, empathy and a responsible helpful attitude toward the endangered othered. The essay argues that Anglophone media's focus on the vulnerability of Russian LGBTIQ+ bodies, consciously or unconsciously, reduces the subjects to this vulnerability, confirming feelings of moral superiority within the enlightened audience. The study highlights the important role that Russia's vulnerable citizens play not only in the construction of values such as 'tolerance' and 'acceptance' and evaluations like 'progressive' and 'modern', but also in perceptions of the nation and its people and the reaffirmation of the dualistic divide between 'The East' and 'The West'.
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- The impact of multiple sclerosis on the identity of mothers in Italy. [Journal Article]
- DRDisabil Rehabil 2018; 40(12):1456-1467
- CONCLUSIONS: Although this study was conducted in the socio-cultural setting of Italy, the findings have implications for professionals working with disabled mothers and women with MS in Italy and beyond; including recognizing the value associated with fully identifying oneself as a mother, rather than solely focusing on doing mothering tasks. Implications for Rehabilitation Professionals need to be mindful of the value of motherhood for women with multiple sclerosis. Professionals should support women who feel like they are battling with maintaining control of their multiple sclerosis, who may be adjusting their identity as mothers; recognizing that they may be influenced by the stage of their multiple sclerosis and whether they were diagnosed before or after having their children. Women can have feelings of loss related to their ability to fully participate in their children's lives and professionals should work with women to help them identify the value of their mothering role not only in physically participating in activities but also in being emotionally and physically present as a mother.