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(sleep restriction sleep restriction therapy)
628 results
  • Lifestyle changes for treating psoriasis. [Journal Article]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019; 7:CD011972Ko SH, Chi CC, … Hsu MY
  • CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intervention may reduce the severity of psoriasis (low-quality evidence) and probably improves quality of life and reduces BMI (moderate-quality evidence) in obese people when compared with usual care, while combined dietary intervention and exercise programme probably improves psoriasis severity and BMI when compared with information only (moderate-quality evidence). None of the trials measured quality of life.We did not detect a clear difference in treatment adherence between those in the combined dietary intervention and exercise programme group and those given information only (moderate-quality evidence). Adherence may be improved through dietary intervention compared with usual care (low-quality evidence). Participants generally adhered well to the lifestyle interventions assessed in the review.No trials assessed the time to relapse. Trial limitations included unblinded participants and high dropout rate.Future trials should reduce dropouts and include comprehensive outcome measures; they should examine whether dietary intervention with or without an exercise programme is effective in non-obese people with psoriasis, whether an additional exercise programme is more effective than dietary intervention alone, whether the time to relapse prolongs in people who receive dietary intervention with or without exercise programme, and whether smoking cessation and alcohol abstinence are effective in treating psoriasis.
  • Requirements for improving health and well-being of children with Prader-Willi syndrome and their families. [Review]
    J Paediatr Child Health 2019; 55(9):1029-1037Mackay J, McCallum Z, … Downs J
  • Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic condition with multi-system involvement. The literature was reviewed to describe neurodevelopment and the behavioural phenotype, endocrine and metabolic disorders and respiratory and sleep functioning. Implications for child and family quality of life were explored. Challenging behaviours contribute to poorer well-being and quality of life for both th…
  • Sleep restriction impairs maximal jump performance and joint coordination in elite athletes. [Journal Article]
    J Sports Sci 2019; 37(17):1981-1988Mah CD, Sparks AJ, … Luke A
  • The study objective was to examine the effects of three days of sleep restriction on maximal jump performance and joint coordination. Eleven elite cyclists obtained a one-week baseline of habitual sleep then restricted sleep to 4 h/night (SR) for three nights assessed through self-report and actigraphy. Pre and post-intervention measures were a box drop maximal vertical jump with 3D motion captur…
  • Partner-assisted cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia versus cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia: a randomised controlled trial. [Journal Article]
    Trials 2019; 20(1):262Mellor A, Hamill K, … Drummond SPA
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomised clinical trial to examine the impact of incorporating the bed partner in the treatment of insomnia. Results will provide new information about the role partners play in clients' insomnia presentation and treatment response, and better define the role of adherence in CBTI. This trial has the potential to optimise treatment outcomes for insomnia by improving adherence and reducing attrition. Results could have far-reaching impacts. Improvements in insomnia have been linked to improvements in mental and physical health and, given the high financial costs of insomnia, this study could have a positive economic impact.
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