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6,605 results
  • Association of mother's handwashing practices and pediatric diarrhea: evidence from a multi-country study on community oriented interventions. [Journal Article]
  • JPJ Prev Med Hyg 2019; 60(2):E93-E102
  • Edward A, Jung Y, … Chege J
  • CONCLUSIONS: Access to safe drinking water was reportedly higher for communities in Guatemala and Zambia (> 80%), than those in Cambodia and Kenya (< 63%), with significantly higher levels in intervention sites for Guatemala and Kenya. Improved sanitation was low (< 10%), for Kenya and Zambia, compared to Cambodia and Guatemala (> 40%); intervention sites reporting significantly higher levels, except for Zambia. Hand washing index; hand washing before food preparation, after defecation, attending to a child after defecation, and before feeding children was significantly higher for intervention sites in Cambodia, Guatemala and Kenya (Cambodia, 2.4 vs 2.2, p < 0.001, Guatemala, 3.0 vs 2.5, p < 0.001, Kenya, 2.6 vs 2.3, p < 0.001). Factors significantly associated with lower odds of diarrhea were; mother's marital status, higher educational status, one or more handwashing practices, wealthier quintiles, older (> 24 m), and female children. The findings suggest that caretaker handwashing with soap or ash has a protective effect on prevalence of diarrhea in children.
  • Facultative and anaerobic consortia of haloalkaliphilic ureolytic microorganisms capable of precipitating calcium carbonate. [Journal Article]
  • JAJ Appl Microbiol 2019 Jul 13
  • Skorupa DJ, Akyel A, … Gerlach R
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ureolysis rates from both facultatively and anaerobically enriched haloalkaliphiles were either not statistically significantly different to, or statistically significantly higher than, the S. pasteurii (strain ATCC 11859) rates. Work here concludes that extreme environments can harbor highly ureolytic active bacteria with potential advantages for large scale applications, such as environments devoid of oxygen.The bacterial consortia and isolates obtained add to the possible suite of organisms available for MICP implementation, therefore potentially improving the economics and efficiency of commercial biomineralization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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