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43,882 results
  • Timing is everything: Onset timing moderates the crossmodal influence of background sound on taste perception. [Journal Article]
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Wang QJ, Spence C, Knoeferle K
  • Recent evidence demonstrates that the presentation of crossmodally corresponding auditory stimuli can modulate the taste and hedonic evaluation of various foods (an effect often called "sonic seasoning"). To further understand the mechanism underpinning such crossmodal effects, the time at which a soundtrack was presented relative to tasting was manipulated in a series of experiments. Participant…
  • Neuroprotective Cationic Arginine-Rich Peptides (CARPs): An Assessment of Their Clinical Safety. [Review]
    Drug Saf. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Edwards AB, Mastaglia FL, … Meloni BP
  • Cationic arginine-rich peptides represent a novel class of peptides being developed as neuroprotective agents for stroke and other acute and chronic neurological disorders. As a group, cationic arginine-rich peptides have a diverse range of other biological properties including the ability to traverse cell membranes, modulate immune responses, antagonise ion channel receptor function, as well as …
  • Cochlea-inspired design of an acoustic rainbow sensor with a smoothly varying frequency response. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 01; 10(1):10803.Karlos A, Elliott SJ
  • A number of physical arrangements for acoustic rainbow sensors have been suggested, where the aim is to separate different frequency components into different physical locations along the sensor. Although such spatial discrimination has been achieved with several designs of sensor, the resulting frequency responses at a given position along the sensor are generally not smoothly varying. In contra…
  • Observation of branched flow of light. [Journal Article]
    Nature. 2020 Jul; 583(7814):60-65.Patsyk A, Sivan U, … Bandres MA
  • When waves propagate through a weak disordered potential with correlation length larger than the wavelength, they form channels (branches) of enhanced intensity that keep dividing as the waves propagate1. This fundamental wave phenomenon is known as branched flow. It was first observed for electrons1-6 and for microwave cavities7,8, and it is generally expected for waves with vastly different wav…
  • Estimating the effects of pile driving sounds on seals: Pitfalls and possibilities. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):3948.Whyte KF, Russell DJF, … Hastie GD
  • Understanding the potential effects of pile driving sounds on marine wildlife is essential for regulating offshore wind developments. Here, tracking data from 24 harbour seals were used to quantify effects and investigate sensitivity to the methods used to predict these. The Aquarius pile driving model was used to model source characteristics and acoustic propagation loss (16 Hz-20 kHz). Predicte…
  • Acoustic and photographic monitoring of coastal maritime traffic: Influence on the soundscape. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):3749.Magnier C, Gervaise C
  • Due to the absence of Automatic Identification System data (used by 3.7% of the Calvi bay fleet), the acoustic monitoring of coastal environments presents difficulties. A specific visual monitoring protocol has been set up on a photographic observatory using the wide-angle camera GoPro®. The detection and localization of boats were carried by two image processing algorithms and allowed the creati…
  • The effect of low frequency noise on the behaviour of juvenile Sparus aurata. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):3795.Mauro M, Pérez-Arjona I, … Buscaino G
  • Anthropogenic activities are causing increased noise levels in the marine environment. To date, few studies have been undertaken to investigate the effects of different noise frequencies on the behaviour of juvenile fish. In this study, the behavioural changes of juvenile gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) are evaluated when exposed to white noise filtered in third-octave bands centred at 63, 125,…
  • An experimental study of trailing edge noise from a heaving airfoil. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):4020.Zhou T, Zhang X, Zhong S
  • In this study, the far-field noise and near-field flow properties from a heaving NACA 0012 airfoil at the Reynolds number of 6.6×104 were investigated experimentally in a 0.4 m2 anechoic wind tunnel. The airfoil had an incident angle of 0° and followed a sinusoidal heaving motion. The Strouhal number, controlled by changing the heaving frequency and amplitude, varied from 0.0024 to 0.008. The aco…
  • Wave and extra-wide-angle parabolic equations for sound propagation in a moving atmosphere. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):3969.Ostashev VE, Wilson DK, Muhlestein MB
  • The narrow-angle parabolic equation (NAPE) with the effective sound speed approximation (ESSA) is widely used for sound and infrasound propagation in a moving medium such as the atmosphere. However, it is valid only for angles less than 20° with respect to the nominal propagation direction. In this paper, the wave equation and extra-wide-angle parabolic equation (EWAPE) for high-frequency (short-…
  • The common murre (Uria aalge), an auk seabird, reacts to underwater sound. [Journal Article]
    J Acoust Soc Am. 2020 Jun; 147(6):4069.Anderson Hansen K, Hernandez A, … Wahlberg M
  • Marine mammals have fine-tuned hearing abilities, which makes them vulnerable to human-induced sounds from shipping, sonars, pile drivers, and air guns. Many species of marine birds, such as penguins, auks, and cormorants, find their food underwater where light is often limited, suggesting sound detection may play a vital role. Yet, for most marine birds, it is unknown whether they are using, and…
  • [Operation and Maintenance of Cost-Effective Volatile Organic Compounds Abatement Alternatives]. [Journal Article]
    Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2020 Feb 08; 41(2):638-646.Qiang N, Shi TZ, Miao HC
  • Presently, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) pollution control in China has entered the deep-water zone, facing difficult challenges. The cost-effectiveness of VOCs abatement alternatives will determine the final environmental benefits. Screening of abatement alternatives with good cost-effectiveness and performance is important to form a sound basis for VOCs emission abatement work to create sus…
  • Implementing music therapy through telehealth: considerations for military populations. [Journal Article]
    Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Vaudreuil R, Langston DG, … Levy C
  • Purpose: Telehealth provides psychotherapeutic interventions and psychoeducation for remote populations with limited access to in-person behavioural health and/or rehabilitation treatment. The United States Department of Défense and the Veterans Health Administration use telehealth to deliver primary care, medication management, and services including physical, occupational, and speech-language …
  • Hyperacusis in children: a scoping review. [Journal Article]
    BMC Pediatr. 2020 Jun 29; 20(1):319.Potgieter I, Fackrell K, … Hoare DJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: The information we catalogued on various elements of clinical profile, assessment and management can serve as a stepping stone in future research developing questionnaires for clinical measurement of the impact of hyperacusis on children, and the measurement of treatment related change in clinic and in trials. Positive outcomes were noted by the authors following all of the above treatments; future research must compare these and specify the parameters for optimal results.
  • Minipuberty: Why Does it Happen? [Review]
    Horm Res Paediatr. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]Becker M, Hesse V
  • Minipuberty describes the transient sex-specific activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis during the first 6 months of life in boys and during the first 2 years in girls. It leads to a rise of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol, and testosterone. The existence of minipuberty has been known for >40 years, but we still do not fully understand why it take…
  • Description of a new species of marine amoeba Korotnevella mutabilis n. sp. (Amoebozoa, Dactylopodida). [Journal Article]
    Eur J Protistol. 2020 Apr 06; 75:125701.Udalov IA, Lotonin K, Volkova E
  • Korotnevella (Amoebozoa, Dactylopodida) is a genus of naked lobose amoebae with a dactylopodial morphotype. The cell membrane of these amoebae is covered with a monolayer of scales. The structure and size of scales are considered as species-specific features. Here, we describe a new marine species, Korotnevella mutabilis n. sp., isolated from the bottom sediment sample of Nivå Bay (Baltic Sea, Th…
  • Near-infrared transillumination with high dynamic range imaging for occlusal caries detection in vitro. [Journal Article]
    Lasers Med Sci. 2020 Jun 27 [Online ahead of print]Litzenburger F, Lederer A, … Heck K
  • The aim of this study was to assess near-infrared transillumination with high dynamic range imaging (NIRT-HDRI) for occlusal caries detection in vitro and to compare it with visual inspection using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System II (ICDAS) and digital bitewing radiography (BWR). Sixty-one extracted permanent molars with sound or occlusal carious surfaces without severe c…
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