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Unbound Medicine.
(speculum)
36,858 results
  • A handheld flexible manipulator system for frontal sinus surgery. [Journal Article]
    Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Coemert S, Roth R, … Lueth TC
  • CONCLUSIONS: Considering the fact that the anatomical requirements of the frontal sinus are not addressed satisfactorily in the development of prospective flexible instruments, the proposed system shows great potential in terms of therapeutic use owing to its small cross section and dexterity.
  • Derivates of the Antifungal Peptide Cm-p5 Inhibit Development of Candida auris Biofilms In Vitro. [Journal Article]
    Antibiotics (Basel). 2020 Jun 27; 9(7)Kubiczek D, Raber H, … Rosenau F
  • Growth in biofilms as a fascinating and complex microbial lifestyle has become widely accepted as one of the key features of pathogenic microbes, to successfully express their full virulence potential and environmental persistence. This also increases the threat posed by Candida auris, which has a high intrinsic ability to persist on abiotic surfaces including those of surgical instruments and me…
  • COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review. [Review]
    Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 26; 17(12)Villani FA, Aiuto R, … Re D
  • SARS-CoV-2 is a member of the family of coronaviruses. The first cases were recorded in Wuhan, China, between December 2019 and January 2020. Italy is one of the most affected countries in Europe. COVID-19 is a new challenge in modern dentistry. New guidelines are required in dental clinics to avoid contagion caused by cross-infections. A narrative review was performed using both primary sources,…
  • Laparoscopic gonadectomy in dogs with ovotesticular disorder of sexual development. [Journal Article]
    Reprod Domest Anim. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]Vallarino N, Wydooghe E, van Goethem B
  • Disorders of sexual development (DSD) in dogs involve most commonly an XX-sex reversal syndrome, treated conventionally by gonadohysterectomy. The objective of the present case series is to describe the surgical treatment and long-term follow-up of dogs undergoing laparoscopic gonadectomy without hysterectomy for treatment of ovotesticular DSD. Six female dogs clinically diagnosed with DSD were r…
  • Modern Brain Retractors and Surgical Brain Injury: A Review. [Review]
    World Neurosurg. 2020 Jun 26 [Online ahead of print]Zagzoog N, Reddy KK
  • Surgical brain injury caused by brain retraction is a well-known consequence of intracranial surgery. Modern retractor designs, particularly since the 1980's, have significantly improved ease of use, improved visibility for surgeons and minimized retraction-induced injuries, though not yet been entirely eliminated. Today, brain retractors come in a broad range of styles, each with their own pros …
  • Instrument Manufacturing: Implications for Perioperative Teams. [Journal Article]
    AORN J. 2020 Jul; 112(1):15-29.Moss R, Prescott DM, Spear JM
  • The development of surgical instruments began thousands of years ago and continues to evolve. National and international government agencies regulate the manufacturing of instruments in some cases, and the differing regulations can affect instrument quality. Although stainless steel contains an alloy of iron and chromium with other metal and nonmetal materials, its composition can vary; this vari…
  • De l’histoire des chirurgiens cachés derrière nos instruments du quotidien. Partie 4 : la rhinoplastie. [Journal Article]
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2020 Jun 25 [Online ahead of print]Gagnieur P, Rasteau S, … Sigaux N
  • Many surgical instruments are named after their inventors, acclaimed surgeons of the past, because of their discoveries and their contributions in the field of surgical techniques. However, these daily reminders of history of surgery are often forgotten by the modern practitioners. We propose to review, through a selection of instruments, short biographies of these precursors. This fourth origina…
  • Stray energy transfer in single-incision robotic surgery. [Journal Article]
    Surg Endosc. 2020 Jun 26 [Online ahead of print]Wikiel KJ, Overbey DM, … Jones EL
  • CONCLUSIONS: More stray energy transfer occurs during single-incision robotic surgery than multiport robotic surgery. Utilizing a constant voltage regulating generator minimized stray energy transfer for both setups. These data can be used to guide robotic surgeons in their use of safe, surgical energy.
  • Reporting Outcomes and Outcome Measures in Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review. [Journal Article]
    J Hand Surg Am. 2020 Jun 23 [Online ahead of print]Gallo L, Gallo M, … Thoma A
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is marked heterogeneity in outcomes and outcome measures used to assess CuTS. A standardized core outcome set is needed to compare results of various techniques of cubital tunnel decompression.This study builds on the existing literature to support the notion that there is marked heterogeneity in outcomes and outcome measures used to assess CuTS. The authors believe that a future standardized set of core outcomes is needed to limit heterogeneity among studies assessing postoperative outcomes in CuTS to compare these interventions more easily and pool results in the form of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
  • Adding Flexible Instrumentation to a Curved Videolaryngoscope: A Novel Tool for Laryngeal Surgery. [Journal Article]
    Laryngoscope. 2020 Jun 25 [Online ahead of print]Schild LR, Böhm F, … Schuler PJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that our curved prototype and large monitor visualization may provide a cost-effective minimally invasive alternative for difficult laryngeal exposure. Its special advantages include avoiding the need for a straight line of sight and a simple and cost-effective construction. The system could be further improved through advances in camera chip technology and smaller instruments. Laryngoscope, 2020.
  • Splenic artery loops: Potential splenic plexus stimulation sites for neuroimmunomodulatory based anti-inflammatory therapy? [Journal Article]
    Clin Anat. 2020 Jun 25 [Online ahead of print]Cleypool CGJ, Lotgeringk Bruinenberg D, … Bleys RLAW
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study support that splenic artery loops could represent suitable electrical splenic plexus stimulation sites in humans. Dimensions with respect to loop height and width, provide sufficient space for introduction of surgical instruments and electrode implantation, and, the dissected neurovascular bundles contain a substantial amount of sympathetic nerve tissue. This knowledge may contribute to further development of surgical techniques and neuroelectrode interface design. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • Harmonic Scalpel for Internal Mammary Artery Harvest. [Journal Article]
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2020 May; 30(5):516-518.Yuan SM
  • Internal mammary artery (IMA) harvest by using a harmonic scalpel for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have not been sufficiently evaluated. This review aimed to assess the outcomes of IMA harvest by a harmonic scalpel and to compare by conventional electrocautery. The study materials were based on literature retrieval. In total Eight articles describing IMA harvest by a harmonic scalpel fo…
  • Recent developments in electrochemiluminescence nanosensors for cancer diagnosis applications. [Review]
    Nanoscale. 2020 Jun 24 [Online ahead of print]Fu Y, Ma Q
  • In recent years, electrochemiluminescence (ECL) nanosensing systems have undergone rapid development and made significant progress in ultrasensitive analysis and cell imaging. Because of the unique advantages of high selectivity, ultra-sensitivity, and good reproducibility, ECL nanosensors can open new paths for cancer diagnosis. With the development of ECL nanosensors, high-throughput analysis, …
  • Current State of Surgical Lighting. [Review]
    Surg J (N Y). 2020 Apr; 6(2):e87-e97.Curlin J, Herman CK
  • Surgical performance in the operating room (OR) is supported by effective illumination, which mitigates the inherent environmental, operational, and visual challenges associated with surgery. Three critical components are essential to optimize operating light as illumination: (1) centering on the surgeon's immediate field, (2) illuminating a wide or narrow field with high-intensity light, and (3)…
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