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2,718 results
  • Investigating short latency subcortical vestibular projections in humans: What have we learned? [Journal Article]
    J Neurophysiol 2019Colebatch JG, Rosengren SM
  • Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are now widely used for the non-invasive assessment of vestibular function and diagnosis in humans. This review focusses on the origin, properties and mechanisms of cervical VEMPs (cVEMPs) and ocular VEMPs (oVEMPs), how these reflexes relate to reports of vestibular projections to brainstem and cervical targets and the physiological role of (otolithic…
  • Graft interposition for preventing Frey's syndrome in patients undergoing parotidectomy. [Review]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019; 10:CD012323Ye L, Cao Y, … Li C
  • CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for the effectiveness of graft interposition in preventing Frey's syndrome is of low or very low certainty. The use of acellular dermal matrix may be associated with an increase in the wound infection rate, and little or no difference in the incidence of seromas or sialoceles. Further studies are needed to draw reliable conclusions.
  • Neck Muscle Changes Following Long-Duration Spaceflight. [Journal Article]
    Front Physiol 2019; 10:1115McNamara KP, Greene KA, … Weaver AA
  • The effects of long-duration spaceflight on crewmember neck musculature have not been adequately studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in the neck musculature on pre-flight and post-flight magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of six crewmembers on 4- to 6-month missions equipped with the advanced resistive exercise device (aRED). The MRI images were resliced to r…
  • Respiratory muscle activation and action during voluntary cough in healthy humans. [Journal Article]
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2019; 49:102359LoMauro A, Aliverti A
  • Cough is a defensive airway reflex consisting of a modified respiratory act which involves the sequential activation of several laryngeal and respiratory muscles. The contraction of the latter results in thoraco-abdominal volume variations in order to provide enough amount of air available, the operating volume (OV), to be expelled. Because both posture and OV could influence muscular activation …
  • Reliability of cervical muscle volume quantification using magnetic resonance imaging. [Journal Article]
    Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2019; 44:102056Snodgrass SJ, de Zoete RMJ, … Elliott JM
  • CONCLUSIONS: Threats to reliability appear to be more related to manual quantification of muscles on images rather than protocols related to re-positioning a participant in the scanner and repeating the same protocol. The current findings suggest that the proposed methods can be used in establishing normative data for cervical muscle volume and comparing individuals with and without neck pain.
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