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3,899 results
  • Changes in the age young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people start smoking, 2002-2015. [Journal Article]
    Public Health Res Pract. 2020 Jun 30; 30(2)Heris CL, Eades SJ, … Thomas DP
  • CONCLUSIONS: There have been significant declines in smoking prevalence among young Indigenous people between 2002 and 2014-15 as fewer take up smoking. Smoking initiation occurs over a wide age range. The majority of daily smokers started before the age of 18; however, initiation may be delayed until early adulthood for an increasing number. The challenge for tobacco prevention is to reach young people in early adolescence and continue to reinforce smoke-free intentions into young adulthood.
  • Species vulnerability under climate change: Study of two sea urchins at their distribution margin. [Journal Article]
    Sci Total Environ. 2020 Aug 01; 728:138850.Détrée C, Navarro JM, … Gonzalez M
  • In order to develop powerful predictions on the impact of climate change on marine organisms, it is critical to understand how abiotic drivers such as temperature can directly and indirectly affect marine organisms. Here, we evaluated and compared the physiological vulnerability of the leading-edge populations of two species of sea urchins Loxechinus albus and Pseudechinus magellanicus in respons…
  • Case Manifestations and Public Health Response for Outbreak of Meningococcal W Disease, Central Australia, 2017. [Journal Article]
    Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jul; 26(7):1355-1363.Sudbury EL, O'Sullivan S, … Satharasinghe K
  • Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W has emerged as an increasingly common cause of invasive meningococcal disease worldwide; the average case-fatality rate is 10%. In 2017, an unprecedented outbreak of serogroup W infection occurred among the Indigenous pediatric population of Central Australia; there were 24 cases over a 5-month period. Among these cases were atypical manifestations, including me…
  • Climate Change Impacts on Health in Remote Indigenous Communities in Australia. [Journal Article]
    Int J Environ Health Res. 2020 Jun 16 [Online ahead of print]Hall NL, Crosby L
  • Human-induced climate change in Australia is affecting the frequency and intensity of extreme events, including bushfires, cyclones and drought. Human health is affected by these climate impacts through direct impacts which include injuries and death from extreme events; indirect impacts through natural system changes such as impacts on water, food and air; and indirect impacts on human systems i…
  • Indigenous Australian women's experiences of participation in cervical screening. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2020; 15(6):e0234536.Butler TL, Anderson K, … Whop LJ
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (collectively, Indigenous Australian) women experience a higher burden of cervical cancer than other women. The National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) is failing to meet the needs of Indigenous Australian women, resulting in many women not regularly participating in cervical screening. However, one third of Indigenous Australian women do participate in ce…
  • Sleep quantity and quality and cardiometabolic risk factors in Indigenous Australians. [Journal Article]
    J Sleep Res. 2020 Jun 11 [Online ahead of print]Yiallourou SR, Maguire GP, Carrington MJ
  • Poor sleep is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Indigenous Australians have 1.3 times higher risk of CVD compared to non-indigenous Australians. However, there are limited data describing sleep problems and cardiometabolic risk in this population. This study aimed to investigate sleep quantity and quality in indigenous Australians and assess its association with card…
  • Who responds? An examination of response rates to a national postal survey of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults, 2018-2019. [Journal Article]
    BMC Med Res Methodol. 2020 Jun 10; 20(1):149.Wright A, Thurber KA, … Lovett R
  • CONCLUSIONS: Using a postal survey, we observed response rates of ≥5.5% among older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults in major cities and regional areas; response rates were lower in other groups. A two-stage postal distribution approach provided an opportunity to adapt sampling approaches to different demographic groups. Based on initial response rates, the sampling strategy was revised to send postal surveys to groups with higher response rates groups and focus field recruitment strategies on low response groups.
  • Sea crossing as a major determinant for the evolution of migratory strategies in soaring birds. [Journal Article]
    J Anim Ecol. 2020 Jun; 89(6):1298-1301.Mellone U
  • Santos, C. D., Silva, J. P., Muñoz, A.-R., Onrubia, A., & Wikelski, M. (2020). The gateway to Africa: What determines sea crossing performance of a migratory soaring bird at the strait of Gibraltar? Journal of Animal Ecology, 89, 1317-1328. Migrating birds undertake long journeys which pose several challenges. Water bodies are the most demanding ecological barriers for soaring birds, due to the i…
  • Ageing of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population: numerical, structural, timing and spatial aspects. [Journal Article]
    Aust N Z J Public Health. 2020 Jun 08 [Online ahead of print]Temple JB, Wilson T, … Eades S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Numerical and structural ageing is projected to increase significantly to mid-century with important spatial variations. Population ageing is largely irreversible. Implications for public health: High numerical growth in the older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population poses implications for increased demand for a range of health and care services. Variations in spatial and timing aspects of ageing indicate demand will peak earlier in some geographical locations relative to others.
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