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Unbound Medicine.
(subarachnoid abscess)
208 results
  • Central nervous system aspergillosis in immunocompetent patients: Case series and literature review. [Case Reports]
    Medicine (Baltimore). 2020 Oct 30; 99(44):e22911.Ma Y, Li W, … Yu S
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis in immunocompetent patients.This study enrolled six immunocompetent patients diagnosed with CNS aspergillosis. Additionally, we reviewed the clinical profiles for 28 cases reported in the literature. The age, gender, etiology of Aspergillus infection, clinical manifestations, locati…
  • [Etiology and treatment strategy of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea]. [Journal Article]
    Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2020 Jun; 34(6):573-576.Shu Z, Cheng L, Yang J
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is the result of an abnormal communication between sinonasal tract and the subarachnoid space through skull base defect. The etiology of CSF rhinorrhea can be traumatic, iatrogenic, tumor induced and spontaneous. Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea (SCSFR) occurs in the absence of trauma, surgery, or other inducing events. SCSFR is rarely encountered in daily clinical …
  • Autopsy of a multiple lobar hemorrhage case with amyloid-β-related angiitis. [Case Reports]
    Neuropathology. 2020 Jun; 40(3):280-286.Ichimata S, Hata Y, … Nishida N
  • A 92-year-old man died of multiple lobar hemorrhage with amyloid-β protein (Aβ)-related angiitis (ABRA) with an unusual pathological appearance. Although he had shown relatively rapid progressive dementia, starting 1 year before death, there was no detailed clinical investigation, and no immunosuppressive or anticoagulant therapy, because of his advanced age. The autopsy showed two lobar hemorrha…
  • Occult Cerebral Abscess Revealed by FDG PET/CT in a Case of Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome. [Case Reports]
    Clin Nucl Med. 2019 Jan; 44(1):57-58.Bund C, Coca HA, … Namer IJ
  • A 51-year-old woman developed profound coma complicating subarachnoid hemorrhage after aneurysmal rupture. An external ventricular drain was inserted. FDG PET/CT was performed for prognostication purposes and showed global cortical hypometabolism. This was consistent with the clinical findings of an unresponsive wakefulness syndrome. During the follow-up, ventriculitis was diagnosed. Because of n…
  • Brain abscess after stent-assisted coiling for ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm. [Case Reports]
    Interv Neuroradiol. 2018 Aug; 24(4):387-391.Ko JH, Kim YJ, Jung HH
  • A 24-year-old man was admitted with sudden severe headache. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed a subarachnoid hemorrhage in the basal cistern and both Sylvian cisterns and a left internal carotid artery angiogram showed a small aneurysm on the bifurcation of the left middle cerebral artery. We performed Y-configured stent-assisted coil embolization. On the fifth post-embolization day, the pa…
  • Causes of pneumocephalus and when to be concerned about it. [Review]
    Emerg Radiol. 2018 Aug; 25(4):331-340.Cunqueiro A, Scheinfeld MH
  • Intracranial gas is commonly detected on neuroimaging. The recognition of this finding can at first blush be unsettling. Being able to localize this gas to a specific compartment: intraarterial, intravenous, intraparenchymal, subdural, epidural, subarachnoid and intraventricular, is the first step in determining the importance of the gas. Determination of the route of entry: through the skull, ex…
  • ['Masks' of acute neuroinfections and markers of differencial diagnosis]. [Journal Article]
    Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2018; 118(1):82-91.Shishov AS, Petrova IS, … Blank IA
  • CONCLUSIONS: The misdiagnosis can be explained by the overestimation of such symptoms as the acute (in most cases) onset of the disease with increased body temperature to febrile levels, presence of meningeal syndrome, disorders of consciousness and focal symptoms of varying severity. The authors showed the errors and difficulties in the diagnosis, the role and importance of an integrated, interdisciplinary approach taking into account history, clinical data, results of CSF study, conventional and special methods of laboratory and instrumental examination of patients.
  • Case of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Caused by Tuberculous Aneurysm. [Case Reports]
    World Neurosurg. 2018 02; 110:73-78.Liu W, Li C, … Kong L
  • CONCLUSIONS: Tuberculosis in the central nervous system may present as tuberculoma and tuberculous meningitis. Vasculitis secondary to tuberculous meningitis can cause infarcts, and, rarely, aneurysm formation. This case report illustrated a rare case of intracranial infectious aneurysm related to tuberculosis and complicated by hemorrhage and brain abscess.
  • Invasive aspergillus sinusitis with orbitocranial extension. [Journal Article]
    Asian J Neurosurg. 2017 Apr-Jun; 12(2):172-179.Baeesa SS, Bokhari RF, … Madani TA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Surgical intervention, with adjuvant antifungal therapy, aiming for safe total removal of the fungal burden, whenever feasible, has a major role in the management of invasive sinonasal aspergillosis with orbitocranial extension with minimal morbidity and good outcomes.
  • A practical guide to the use of anti-epileptic drugs by neurosurgeons. [Review]
    Br J Neurosurg. 2017 Oct; 31(5):551-556.Afshari FT, Michael S, … Samarasekera S
  • Initiation of anti-epileptic drugs is increasingly relevant to daily neurosurgical practice. Intracranial pathologies ranging from brain tumours to subarachnoid haemorrhage and traumatic brain injury are commonly associated with the subsequent development of seizures. The scope and range of anti-epileptic drugs available has increased dramatically in recent years and understanding the evidence ba…
  • Neonatal cranial sonography: ultrasound findings in neonatal meningitis-a pictorial review. [Review]
    Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2017 Feb; 7(1):123-131.Gupta N, Grover H, … Kumar Y
  • Neonatal bacterial meningitis is a common manifestation of late onset neonatal sepsis. Cranial sonography (CRS) has a crucial role in assessment of infants with clinical suspicion of bacterial meningitis as well as follows up of its complications. CRS is performed with high frequency transducer through anterior fontanelle in both coronal and sagittal planes. Various sonographic findings range fro…
  • DIAGNOSIS OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE: Expanding the cause of hypopituitarism. [Review]
    Eur J Endocrinol. 2017 Jun; 176(6):R269-R282.Pekic S, Popovic V
  • Hypopituitarism is defined as one or more pituitary hormone deficits due to a lesion in the hypothalamic-pituitary region. By far, the most common cause of hypopituitarism associated with a sellar mass is a pituitary adenoma. A high index of suspicion is required for diagnosing hypopituitarism in several other conditions such as other massess in the sellar and parasellar region, brain damage caus…
  • ST-segment Elevation: Myocardial Infarction or Simulacrum? [Journal Article]
    Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2016; 17(3-4):85-99.Patel N, Ngo E, … Tajik AJ
  • A rapid diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is mandatory for optimal treatment of an acute coronary syndrome. However, a small number of patients with suspected STEMI are afflicted with other medical conditions. These medical conditions are rare, but important clinical entities that should be considered when evaluating a STEMI alert. These conditions include coronary v…
  • Postoperative otorhinolaryngologic complications in transnasal endoscopic surgery to access the skull base. [Journal Article]
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 May - Jun; 83(3):349-355.Dolci RLL, Miyake MM, … Lazarini PR
  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of the nasoseptal flap has revolutionized endoscopic skull base surgery, making the procedures more effective and with lower morbidity compared to the traditional route. However, although mainly transient nasal morbidities were observed, in some cases, permanent hyposmia and anosmia resulted. An improvement in this technique is therefore necessary to provide a better quality of life for the patient, reducing potential complications.
  • Epidural Blood Patch Using Manometry for Sinking Skin Flap Syndrome. [Case Reports]
    A A Case Rep. 2016 Jun 01; 6(11):355-7.Turner JD, Farmer JL, Dobson SW
  • We describe here a 55-year-old male patient with a medical history significant for chronic back pain and substance abuse with cocaine who sustained a traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage after a fall from a roof while acutely intoxicated on cocaine requiring decompressive hemicraniectomy and cranioplasty that was complicated by an epidural abscess requiring a repeat craniectomy. He was diagnosed wit…
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