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1,969 results
  • Interstitial lung abnormalities detected incidentally on CT: a Position Paper from the Fleischner Society. [Review]
    Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Jul; 8(7):726-737.Hatabu H, Hunninghake GM, … Lynch DA
  • The term interstitial lung abnormalities refers to specific CT findings that are potentially compatible with interstitial lung disease in patients without clinical suspicion of the disease. Interstitial lung abnormalities are increasingly recognised as a common feature on CT of the lung in older individuals, occurring in 4-9% of smokers and 2-7% of non-smokers. Identification of interstitial lung…
  • Relations between vital capacity, CO diffusion capacity and computed tomographic findings of former asbestos-exposed patients: a cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
    J Occup Med Toxicol. 2020; 15:21.Preisser AM, Schlemmer K, … Harth V
  • CONCLUSIONS: In formerly asbestos-exposed workers, lung function alterations and TCT findings correlated moderate, but significant using DLCO and ICOERD-score considering parenchymal ligaments, subpleural curvilinear lines, round atelectases and pleural effusion in addition to pleural plaque extension. DLCO also showed highest accuracy in regard to pulmonary findings. However, VC showed only weaker correlations although being well established for early detection. Besides TCT the determination of both lung function parameters (VC and DLCO) is mandatory for the early detection and assessment of functional deficiencies in workers formerly exposed to asbestos.
  • Chest CT evaluation of 11 persistent asymptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. [Journal Article]
    Jpn J Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Yan S, Chen H, … Chen BD
  • Eleven asymptomatic carriers who received nasal or throat swab test for SARS-CoV-2 after close contacts with patients who developed symptomatic 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) were enrolled in this study. The chest CT images of enrolled patients were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. There were 3 (27.3%) patients had normal first chest CT, two of which were under age of 15 years. Les…
  • A predictive model and scoring system combining clinical and CT characteristics for the diagnosis of COVID-19. [Journal Article]
    Eur Radiol. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Qin L, Yang Y, … Yang W
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our predictive model and PSC-19 can be applied for identification of COVID-19-positive cases, assisting physicians and radiologists until receiving the results of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests.• Prediction of RT-PCR positivity is crucial for fast diagnosis of patients suspected of having coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). • Typical CT manifestations are advantageous for diagnosing COVID-19 and differentiation of COVID-19 from other types of pneumonia. • A predictive model and scoring system combining both clinical and CT features were herein developed to enable high diagnostic efficiency for COVID-19.
  • Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma Mimicking Metastasis: A Case Report and Literature Review. [Case Reports]
    Onco Targets Ther. 2020; 13:5837-5843.Liu B, Liu H, … Liu M
  • Primary pulmonary diffuse large B cell lymphoma (PPDLBCL) is extremely rare, with fewer than 40 cases reported to date and a lack of systemic analysis. Herein, we present a case of PPDLBCL mimicking metastasis in a heavily treated patient with breast cancer. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of PPDLBCL in a patient with breast cancer. A 66-year-old Chinese female diagnosed with br…
  • Chest Computed Tomography Findings in COVID-19 and Influenza: A Narrative Review. [Review]
    Biomed Res Int. 2020; 2020:6928368.Onigbinde SO, Ojo AS, … Hage R
  • The COVID-19 pandemic and annual influenza epidemic are responsible for thousands of deaths globally. With a similarity in clinical as well as laboratory findings, there is a need to differentiate these two conditions on chest CT scan. This paper attempts to use existing literature to draw out differences in chest CT findings in COVID-19 and influenza.
  • Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome presenting with macroscopic pulmonary cyst formation in a 15-year-old. [Case Reports]
    Respirol Case Rep. 2020 Aug; 8(6):e00610.Ardolino L, Silverstone E, … Yates D
  • Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder caused by a germline mutation in the folliculin gene (17p11.2). It is characterized by benign skin lesions, renal tumours, and pulmonary cysts, with pneumothoraces seen exceptionally rarely in patients younger than 40 years. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy who presented with sudden onset left-sided chest pain and acute d…
  • Rational and practical use of imaging in COVID-19 pneumonia. [Journal Article]
    Pak J Med Sci. 2020 May; 36(COVID19-S4):S130-S133.Sohail S
  • The severe form of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has largely manifested as a predominant respiratory illness causing severe pneumonia characterized by bilateral, subpleural ground glass haze, progressing to consolidation, and fibrosis on imaging. There is some discrepancy between the governmental guidelines, professional Societies and Radiology and Respiratory Medicine spe…
  • Meta-analysis of chest CT features of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. [Review]
    J Med Virol. 2020 Jun 24 [Online ahead of print]Zheng Y, Wang L, Ben S
  • The objective of this paper is to perform a meta-analysis regarding the chest computed tomography (CT) manifestations of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia patients. PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from 1 December 2019 to 1 May 2020 using the keywords of "COVID-19 virus," "the 2019 novel coronavirus," "novel coronavirus," and "COVID-19." Studies that evalua…
  • Clinical and CT findings of COVID-19: differences among three age groups. [Journal Article]
    BMC Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 22; 20(1):434.Wang J, Zhu X, … Ao W
  • CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 presented representative clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations and CT findings, but three age groups possessed their own specific characteristics. Grasping the clinical and CT features stratified by age will be helpful for early definite diagnosis of COVID-19.
  • Clinical characteristics and management of a liver transplanted patient admitted with SARS-CoV-2 infection. [Case Reports]
    Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol. 2020 Jun 10 [Online ahead of print]De Gottardi A, Fratila C, … Bernasconi E
  • We present here the case of a 62-year-old man, who was referred to the emergency department with fever and cough for 3 days. He underwent liver transplantation 4 years earlier due to HCV and NASH-related cirrhosis with hepatocellular carcinoma. At admission he was in reduced general conditions. Nasopharyngeal smear specimen resulted positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Pulmonary low-dose CT-scan re…
  • The results and outcome of primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adolescents. [Journal Article]
    Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2020 Jun 07 [Online ahead of print]Akıncı SM, Soyer T, … Tanyel FC
  • Aim Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a rare pulmonary pathology that occurs in the absence of known lung disease. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the results and outcome of PSP treatment in adolescents. Methods The cases with PSP from January 2004 to December 2017 were evaluated for age, sex, family and smoking history, clinical and radiological findings and results of tr…
  • Clinical and radiological features of novel coronavirus pneumonia. [Review]
    J Xray Sci Technol. 2020; 28(3):391-404.Zheng Q, Lu Y, … Lu P
  • Recently, COVID-19 has spread in more than 100 countries and regions around the world, raising grave global concerns. COVID-19 transmits mainly through respiratory droplets and close contacts, causing cluster infections. The symptoms are dominantly fever, fatigue, and dry cough, and can be complicated with tiredness, sore throat, and headache. A few patients have symptoms such as stuffy nose, run…
  • Dynamic evolution of COVID-19 on chest computed tomography: experience from Jiangsu Province of China. [Journal Article]
    Eur Radiol. 2020 Jun 10 [Online ahead of print]Wang YC, Luo H, … Ju S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Volume, density, and location of the pulmonary opacity and their evolution on CT varied with disease severity in COVID-19. These findings are valuable in understanding the nature of the disease and monitoring the patient's condition during the course of illness.• Volume, density, and location of the pulmonary opacity on CT change over time in COVID-19. • The evolution of CT appearance follows specific pattern, varying with disease severity.
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