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71,628 results
  • Computational fluid dynamics modelling of human upper airway: A review. [Review]
    Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2020 Jun 26; 196:105627.Faizal WM, Ghazali NNN, … Razi RM
  • Human upper airway (HUA) has been widely investigated by many researchers covering various aspects, such as the effects of geometrical parameters on the pressure, velocity and airflow characteristics. Clinically significant obstruction can develop anywhere throughout the upper airway, leading to asphyxia and death; this is where recognition and treatment are essential and lifesaving. The availabi…
  • Cardiac tamponade: an educational review. [Journal Article]
    Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2020 Jul 06 [Online ahead of print]Imazio M, De Ferrari GM
  • Cardiac tamponade is a pericardial syndrome characterised by an impairment of the diastolic filling of the ventricles causing reduction of cardiac output, usually producing signs and symptoms of cardiac arrest, if untreated. The main causes of cardiac tamponade include percutaneous cardiac interventions, malignacies, infectious/inflammatory causes, mechanical complications of myocardial infarctio…
  • Trichinella spiralis-associated myocarditis mimicking acute myocardial infarction. [Journal Article]
    Acta Clin Belg. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Mohib O, Clevenbergh P, … Castro Rodriguez J
  • Background Trichinellosis is a parasitic infection caused by nematodes of the genus Trichinella, and its principal mode of transmission is the consumption of raw or undercooked contaminated meat. Cardiac involvement in trichinellosis is unusual, yet it represents the most frequent cause of death. Here, we report a case in which Trichinella spiralis-associated myocarditis simulated a myocardial in…
  • Sinapic acid safeguards cardiac mitochondria from damage in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarcted rats. [Journal Article]
    J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Stanely Mainzen Prince P, Dey P, Roy SJ
  • Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening disease. In this study, we examined the anti-mitochondrial damaging effects of sinapic acid (SA) in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarcted rats. Myocardial infarcted rats were prepared by injecting ISO (100 mg/kg body weight) on the 9th and 10th day. Rats were pretreated and cotreated with SA (12 mg/kg body weight) orally, daily for 10 da…
  • Childhood adversity and psychosis: a systematic review of bio-psycho-social mediators and moderators. [Journal Article]
    Psychol Med. 2020 Jul 06 [Online ahead of print]Sideli L, Murray RM, … Fisher HL
  • The association between childhood adversity (CA) and psychosis has been extensively investigated in recent years. An increasing body of research has also focused on the mediating or moderating role of biological and psychological mechanisms, as well as other risk factors that might account for the link between CA and psychosis. We conducted a systematic search of the PsychINFO, Embase, Ovid, and …
  • Similarity and difference in the characteristics of eosinophilic esophagitis between Western countries and Japan. [Review]
    Dig Endosc. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Ishimura N, Okimoto E, … Ishihara S
  • Over the past two decades, the incidence and prevalence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has risen rapidly, especially in Western countries, with cases in Japan also showing a gradual increase in recent years. However, similarities and differences regarding the characteristics of EoE between Western countries and Japan remain to be clearly elucidated. The current clinical guidelines for diagnosi…
  • Toxicity and trophic transfer of polyethylene microplastics from Poecilia reticulata to Danio rerio. [Journal Article]
    Sci Total Environ. 2020 Jun 27; 742:140217.da Costa Araújo AP, de Andrade Vieira JE, Malafaia G
  • The potential transfer of microplastics (MPs) between vertebrates belonging to the same taxonomic group, and the impact of such a transfer on higher trophic levels remains little explored. An experimental food chain with two fish species was installed to test the hypothesis that polyethylene MPs (PE MPs) can accumulate in animals and cause behavioral, mutagenic and cytotoxic changes at upper trop…
  • Distributional Effects of Recent Health Insurance Expansions on Weight-Related Outcomes. [Journal Article]
    Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Apr 28; 38:100870.McInerney M, Meiselbach MK
  • We provide new evidence that weight-related outcomes improved for the severely obese following three recent health insurance expansions. Using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data from 2001 through 2016, we examine the effects of Massachusetts health care reform, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) dependent coverage mandate, and the ACA Medicaid expansion on Body Mass Index (BMI) an…
  • A homozygous pathogenic variant in SHROOM3 associated with anencephaly and cleft lip and palate. [Journal Article]
    Clin Genet. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Deshwar AR, Martin N, … Chitayat D
  • Neural tube defects (NTD) are among the most common congenital anomalies, affecting about 1:1000 births. In most cases, the etiology of NTD is multifactorial and the genetic variants associated with them remain largely unknown. There is extensive evidence from animal models over the past two decades implicating SHROOM3 in neural tube formation; however, its exact role in human disease has remaine…
  • Geographic variation of genotype 6 hepatitis C virus infection in an endemic area of southern Taiwan. [Journal Article]
    J Formos Med Assoc. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Tung HD, Lee PL, … Lee C
  • Taiwan is a hepatitis C virus (HCV) endemic country with geographic variation of prevalence and main genotypes(GTs) are 1 b and 2a. We recently reported high GT6 prevalence in Tainan of southern Taiwan. To clarify this special genotype as a local endemic disease and its geographic variation, the prevalence rates of HCV GTs of 37 districts of Tainan were analyzed. A total of 3040 patients with HCV…
  • Supraorbital Neuralgia Associated With Thyroid Eye Disease. [Journal Article]
    Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2020 Jun 17 [Online ahead of print]Patrinely JR, Hamilton KL, … Soparkar CNS
  • CONCLUSIONS: SON of uncertain etiology appears to be a previously underreported but significant pain associated with TED. Paradoxically, although the SON does not appear to be related to the type or severity of TED on standard rating scales, the presence of SON was found to be associated with increased likelihood of both orbital decompression and TED reactivation.
  • Endotypes in T1D: B lymphocytes and early onset. [Journal Article]
    Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2020 Aug; 27(4):225-230.Smith MJ, Cambier JC, Gottlieb PA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Recent studies indicate that islet-reactive B cells may play a pathogenic role very early in T1D development in young patients, and suggest utility of therapies that target these cells.
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