- Syncope in the elderly. [Editorial]
- AJAm J Med 2019 May 17
- Are Cardiac Biomarkers the Key to Solving the Syncope Mystery? [Editorial]
- CircCirculation 2019 May 21; 139(21):2419-2421
- Mechanical somatosensory stimulation decreases blood pressure in patients with Parkinson's disease. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Hypertens 2019 May 16
- CONCLUSIONS: AMSS sessions were effective in reducing BP, increasing baroreflex sensitivity and decreasing cardiovascular sympathetic modulation in Parkinson's disease patients. AMSS might be useful to control supine hypertension in Parkinson's disease.
- Choosing wisely in cardiology: Five proposals from the Italian Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. [Journal Article]
- MAMonaldi Arch Chest Dis 2019 May 20; 89(2)
- We do not always accomplish what is best for our patients. Is "more procedures, more drugs" a real synonym of good and always useful medicine? Probably not. Indeed, it has been highlighted that many …
We do not always accomplish what is best for our patients. Is "more procedures, more drugs" a real synonym of good and always useful medicine? Probably not. Indeed, it has been highlighted that many tests and treatments, widely used in medical practice, do not bring benefits to patients, but they can be harmful. So, why do we keep performing them? Many reasons, surely one of the main is the constant fear of malpractice legal-medical consequences; this led to the development of a defensive medicine, no longer focused on the health of the patient. For this reason, the Italian Association of Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation (GICR-IACPR) joined an international project "Choosing Wisely", supported by the Slow Medicine Initiative, a network which states that "Less is more". The purpose of "Choosing Wisely " project is to improve the quality and safety of health services through the reduction of practices that, according to available scientific knowledge, do not bring significant benefits to the patients, but can, on the contrary, expose them to risks. This GICR-IACPR paper proposes to avoid five widespread practices in cardiology, at risk for inappropriateness and lacking of clinical evidence of benefit: • Do not perform routine chest X-ray in patients entering rehabilitation programme after cardiac surgery • Do not perform Computed Tomography for coronary calcium score in patients at high cardiovascular risk • Do not perform Holter electrocardiographic monitoring in patients suffering from syncope, near syncope or dizziness, in whom a non-arrhythmic origin has been documented • Do not routinely prescribe proton pump inhibitors (PPI) for gastrointestinal bleeding prophylaxis in patient with single drug antiplatelet therapy in absence of additional risk factors. • Avoid routine use of infective endocarditis prophylaxis in mild to moderate native valve disease.
- Pulmonary hypertension and severe right heart failure following lumbar spinal surgery. [Case Reports]
- SOSAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019; 7:2050313X19847805
- Pulmonary hypertension is a disease process affecting the pulmonary circulation and is defined by an increase in pulmonary artery pressure subsequently causing right ventricular failure. Vascular com…
Pulmonary hypertension is a disease process affecting the pulmonary circulation and is defined by an increase in pulmonary artery pressure subsequently causing right ventricular failure. Vascular complications, including arteriovenous fistulae, are recognised, but are uncommon complications of spinal surgery. Arteriovenous fistulae increase venous return to the right heart and can induce a high-output cardiac state, mimicking pulmonary arterial hypertension and right heart failure. We present a 47-year-old man with a 1 year history of worsening dyspnoea, exertional pre-syncope and leg swelling presenting with severe right heart failure. The previous year, he had complex spinal surgery, which included discectomy, laminectomy and bilateral nerve reconstruction at L5-S1 level. Initial non-invasive investigations including echocardiography and chest imaging raised the possibility of right heart failure presumed secondary to pulmonary vascular disease. Clinical examination and right heart catheterisation were in keeping with a high cardiac output state, and invasive saturation monitoring was suggestive of a sub-diaphragmatic shunt. Subsequent imaging confirmed the presence of an iatrogenic ilio-iliac arteriovenous fistula. The patient underwent urgent endovascular repair, which resulted in resolution of his symptoms and haemodynamics. We describe the case and present a review of the relevant literature.
- Risk stratification in pediatric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Insights for bridging the evidence gap? [Journal Article]
- PPProg Pediatr Cardiol 2018; 49:31-37
- Identification of children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) who are at high risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains challenging. Although a large number of risk factors have been implicated…
Identification of children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) who are at high risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains challenging. Although a large number of risk factors have been implicated in HCM associated SCD, evidence for individual risk factors are not robust. Current risk prediction models are extrapolated from adult HCM and have low positive predictive value when applied to the pediatric HCM population. Clinical factors that are strongly associated with SCD in children with HCM are limited to previous adverse cardiac event, prior syncope and extreme left ventricular hypertrophy; there are variable conclusions regarding the utility of other conventional risk factors. Additionally, while implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are effective in aborting malignant arrhythmias, ICD complication rates are higher in children than in adults. Although echocardiography derived parameters like left atrial volume, diastolic function indices, severity of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and abnormalities in deformation imaging (strain and strain rate) have been associated with SCD risk in childhood HCM, these echocardiographic predictors have low specificity and sensitivity. More recently, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging derived perfusion and viability (delayed gadolinium enhancement) abnormalities have been associated with SCD in childhood HCM and warrant further investigation. Given that myocyte disarray and fibrosis are prominent histological features of HCM, novel imaging modalities that allow for improved tissue characterization may provide additional insight into HCM phenotypes that are at higher risk for SCD. T1 mapping, cardiac diffusion tensor imaging (cDTI), and assessment of a phosphocreatine/adenosine triphosphate (PCr/ATP) ratio by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) are future avenues of myocardial imaging that may provide additional prognostic benefit when used in conjunction with traditional assessments. Further investigations of disease pathogenesis, genotype-phenotype correlations, genetic modifiers and circulating biomarkers specific to children with HCM hold promise for a more effective and refined risk stratification model in pediatric HCM.
- First case report of inducible heart block in Lyme disease and an update of Lyme carditis. [Journal Article]
- BIBMC Infect Dis 2019 May 16; 19(1):428
- CONCLUSIONS: Manifestations of Lyme carditis (LC) vary from asymptomatic and symptomatic electrocardiographic changes and heart block (HB) reversible with treatment, to sudden death. HB as the sole and initial presentation of LC is rare. There have been no reports of inducible HB in LD. Here we present a case of inducible and reversible high degree HB in a case of LC and an update of literature. Exercise and stress testing should be avoided in suspected cases of LC until resolution of carditis. Lyme carditis should be suspected in individuals with cardiac manifestations in an endemic area, particularly in the younger patients with no other etiology evident.
- Left ventricular noncompaction in a Para athlete. [Case Reports]
- EEinstein (Sao Paulo) 2019 May 09; 17(2):eRC4514
- The left ventricular noncompaction is a congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by the presence of abnormal trabeculations in the left ventricle. The present study describes the case of a 14-year-old…
The left ventricular noncompaction is a congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by the presence of abnormal trabeculations in the left ventricle. The present study describes the case of a 14-year-old female Para athlete, who plays goalball. She was asymptomatic, with history of congenital nystagmus and mild visual impairment, who presented nonspecific electrocardiographic abnormalities during pre-competition screening. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed left ventricular non-compaction (non-compacted to compacted layer ratio equal to 2.5) and mild biventricular systolic dysfunction. Initially, the patient was excluded from sports participation and clinical follow-up was performed every three months. Patient remained asymptomatic during the one-year follow-up, with no history of unexplained syncope, marked impairment of systolic function or significant ventricular arrhythmias at the exercise stress test. Finally, she was released for competitive goalball participation and clinical follow-up was continued every 6 months. There is no consensus regarding the eligibility criteria for sports participation in cases of left ventricular non-compaction. Thus, it is prudent to individualize the decision regarding practice of sports, as well as to consider participation in competitive sports for asymptomatic individuals and with no disease repercussions.
- The Insidious Cardiac Tumor: A Primary Left Atrium Intimal Cardiac Sarcoma in a Young Patient. [Case Reports]
- CRCase Rep Cardiol 2019; 2019:7245676
- This case presentation discusses a rare cardiac malignancy initially thought to be a benign tumor. A 36-year-old presented with syncope, dyspnea, Computed Tomography Pulmonary angiography study obtai…
This case presentation discusses a rare cardiac malignancy initially thought to be a benign tumor. A 36-year-old presented with syncope, dyspnea, Computed Tomography Pulmonary angiography study obtained was negative for pulmonary emboli but revealed a left atrial mass. A transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) confirmed a mass with multiple lobes and a broad base attached to the septum, encroaching into the right atrium, aortic root wall, base of the anterior mitral leaflet flowing to the mitral orifice in diastole also obstructing the right pulmonary vein. Despite a quick diagnosis and plan to begin treatment, the patient rapidly declined owing to the extent and aggressive nature of this cardiac malignancy. This case reports the insidious nature of these tumors as well as how challenging and life threatening they are at the time of their clinical manifestation.
New Search Next
- Incidence of Syncope During Pregnancy: Temporal Trends and Outcomes. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Heart Assoc 2019 May 21; 8(10):e011608
- Background We examined temporal trends, timing, and frequency, as well as adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes occurring in the first year postpartum among women experiencing syncope during pregnan…
Background We examined temporal trends, timing, and frequency, as well as adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes occurring in the first year postpartum among women experiencing syncope during pregnancy. Methods and Results This was a retrospective study of pregnancies between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014, in the province of Alberta, Canada. Of 481 930 pregnancies, 4667 had an episode of syncope. Poisson regression analysis found a 5% increase/year (rate ratio, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.04-1.06) in the age-adjusted incidence of syncope. Overall, 1506 (32.3%) of the syncope episodes first occurred in the first trimester, 2058 (44.1%) in the second trimester, and 1103 (23.6%) in the third trimester; and 8% (n=377) of pregnancies had >1 episode of syncope. Compared with women without syncope, women who experienced syncope were younger (age <25 years; 34.7% versus 20.8%; P<0.001), and primiparous (52.1% versus 42.4%; P<0.001). The rate of preterm birth was higher in pregnancies with syncope during the first trimester (18.3%), compared with the second (15.8%) and third trimesters (14.2%) and pregnancies without syncope (15.0%; P<0.01). The incidence of congenital anomalies among children born of pregnancies with multiple syncope episodes was significantly higher (4.9%) compared with children of pregnancies without syncope (2.9%; P<0.01). Within 1 year after delivery, women with syncope during pregnancy had higher rates of cardiac arrhythmias and syncope episodes than women with no syncope during pregnancy. Conclusions Pregnant women with syncope, especially when the syncopal event occurs during the first trimester, may be at a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes as well as an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmia and syncope postpartum.