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(terminology)
74,267 results
  • Reporting standards for endovascular aortic repair of aneurysms involving the renal-mesenteric arteries. [Journal Article]
    J Vasc Surg. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]Writing Committee Group, Oderich GS, … Woo EY
  • Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair of complex aortic aneurysms requires incorporation of side branches using specially designed aortic stent-grafts with fenestrations, directional branches or parallel stent-grafts. These techniques have been increasingly utilized and reported in the literature. The purpose of this document is to clarify and update terminology, classification systems, measurement…
  • The Nurse-Patient Outcome Content Validation Method. [Journal Article]
    Int J Nurs Knowl. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]da Costa Ferreira N, Moorhead S, de Cassia Gengo E Silva Butcher R
  • CONCLUSIONS: The Nurse-Patient Outcome Content Validation Method is a new method of content validation of nursing outcome and indicators that incorporates the patient perspective.The Nurse-Patient Outcome Content Validation Method provides a mechanism to include nurses' and patients' perspectives to content validity research of nursing outcomes. It supports patient empowerment since the patient is viewed as an expert regarding the experience of living and managing his/her clinical condition.
  • Global Problem of Hospital Detention Practices. [Journal Article]
    Int J Health Policy Manag. 2020 Aug 01; 9(8):319-326.Handayani K, Sijbranda TC, … Mostert S
  • Although an official definition by the World Health Organization (WHO) or any other authority is currently lacking, hospital detention practices (HDP) can be described as: "refusing release of either living patients after medical discharge is clinically indicated or refusing release of bodies of deceased patients if families are unable to pay their hospital bills." Reports of HDP are very scarce …
  • Cost Drivers Associated With Anterior Shoulder Stabilization Surgery. [Journal Article]
    Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Jun; 8(6):2325967120926465.Li LT, Bokshan SL, … Owens BD
  • CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative admission to the hospital was the largest cost driver for arthroscopic Bankart repair and the Latarjet procedure. Low-volume facilities were the largest cost driver for open Bankart repair. High-volume surgery centers had lower costs when compared with low-volume surgery centers. Regional anesthesia increased costs in the arthroscopic Bankart group. These findings may help to show where cost savings can be achieved, particularly considering increasing trends toward bundled health care payments.
  • Newer Concepts in the Classification of Pituitary Adenomas. [Review]
    Neurol India. 2020 May-Jun; 68(Supplement):S7-S12.Sathyakumar R, Chacko G
  • The classification of tumors of the pituitary gland has seen several changes in recent years. The 4th edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of Endocrine Organs, published in 2017, saw the introduction of a classification based on cell lineage using immunohistochemistry for both pituitary specific hormones as well as pituitary specific transcription factors. The term "…
  • Are Brazilian dentists and dental students using the ICCC recommendations for caries management? [Journal Article]
    Braz Oral Res. 2020 Jun 24; 34:e062.Sales GC, Marques MG, … Dame-Teixeira N
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dentists and dental undergraduate students know the terminology of the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and make their restorative treatment decisions regarding carious tissue removal accordingly. Data collection was performed using an electronic questionnaire, considering: a) profile of the respondent; b) analysis of four clinical…
  • Diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor: a double misnomer? A report of two cases. [Journal Article]
    Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2020 Jun 30; 8(1):95.Appay R, Pages M, … Figarella-Branger D
  • Diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor (DLGNT) was introduced, for the first time, as a provisional entity in the 2016 WHO classification of central nervous system tumors. DLGNT mainly occur in children and characterized by a widespread leptomeningeal growth occasionally associated with intraspinal tumor nodules, an oligodendroglial-like cytology, glioneuronal differentiation and MAP-Kinase ac…
  • How methodological frameworks are being developed: evidence from a scoping review. [Journal Article]
    BMC Med Res Methodol. 2020 Jun 30; 20(1):173.McMeekin N, Wu O, … Briggs A
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although no formal guidance exists on how to develop a methodological framework, this scoping review found an overall consensus in approaches used, which can be broadly divided into three phases: (a) identifying data to inform the methodological framework; (b) developing the methodological framework; and (c) validating, testing and refining the methodological framework. Based on these phases, we provide suggestions to facilitate the development of future methodological frameworks.
  • The Relationship between Terminology Preferences, Empowerment and Internalised Stigma in Mental Health. [Journal Article]
    Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Lyon AS, Mortimer-Jones SM
  • People with a mental illness may be exposed to stigma which, when internalised, negatively influences self-esteem, personal goal attainment and quality of life. However, people who are empowered may actively challenge stigma by engaging in meaningful opportunities, furthering their self-worth as they achieve control within their lives. People who are empowered through active treatment participati…
  • Exploring Unsupervised Query Paraphrasing to Identify Relevant Search Phrases for a Literature Review. [Journal Article]
    Stud Health Technol Inform. 2020 Jun 26; 272:429-432.Peltonen LM, Tommila M, Moen H
  • Literature databases have multifaceted search options, but emerging research areas do not have an established terminology and therefore it is difficult to find relevant literature when conducting a review. This study aimed to explore if an unsupervised paraphrasing approach is useful in identifying relevant search phrases for a literature review on an emerging research topic - situational leaders…
  • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis, Psychosocial, and Utility Outcomes of Early Mandibular Distraction in Craniofacial Microsomia. [Journal Article]
    J Craniofac Surg. 2020 Jun 19 [Online ahead of print]Almadani YH, Gilardino MS
  • CONCLUSIONS: Early mandibular distraction may lead to tangible positive gains in CFM patients based on utility outcome scores, psychosocial acceptance, and social distance. Therefore, although further interventions may be needed at skeletal maturity, early MDO can improve the psychological well-being of CFM patients during their crucial developmental years in a cost-effective manner. The incremental cost per QALY gained post-early MDO correlates negatively with time until a second potential surgical intervention.
  • National Trends in the Surgical Treatment of Chronic Rotator Cuff Tear in Patients Without Arthritis. [Journal Article]
    Orthopedics. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Vora M, Sing DC, … Li X
  • Both rotator cuff repair (RCR) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) are effective treatment options for chronic large degenerative rotator cuff tear (RCT) in the elderly. The goal of this study was to evaluate national trends for surgical management of chronic RCT among patients without glenohumeral arthritis. The authors conducted a retrospective review from 2007 to 2015 using the Pear…
  • Machine learning and artificial intelligence in haematology. [Review]
    Br J Haematol. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Shouval R, Fein JA, … Nagler A
  • Digitalization of the medical record and integration of genomic methods into clinical practice have resulted in an unprecedented wealth of data. Machine learning is a subdomain of artificial intelligence that attempts to computationally extract meaningful insights from complex data structures. Applications of machine learning in haematological scenarios are steadily increasing. However, basic con…
  • Organization Communication Factors and Abnormal Mammogram Follow-up: a Qualitative Study Among Ethnically Diverse Women Across Three Healthcare Systems. [Journal Article]
    J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]Kenny JD, Karliner LS, … Burke NJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: Health organizations varied in their processes for abnormal results communication and availability of support staff and interpretation services. Women who received care from institutions with more robust support staff, such as bilingual navigators, more often than not reported understanding their results and timely abnormal mammogram follow-up. These reports were consistent across women from diverse ethnic groups and suggest the value of organizational support services between an abnormal mammogram and resolution for improving follow-up times and minimizing patient distress.
  • Common Data Elements in Head and Neck Radiology Reporting. [Review]
    Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2020 Aug; 30(3):379-391.Rajamohan AG, Patel V, … Acharya J
  • Radiologists must convert the complex information in head and neck imaging into text reports that can be understood and used by clinicians, patients, and fellow radiologists for patient care, research, and quality initiatives. Common data elements in reporting, through use of defined questions with constrained answers and terminology, allow radiologists to incorporate best practice standards and …
  • Defining the commercial determinants of health: a systematic review. [Journal Article]
    BMC Public Health. 2020 Jun 29; 20(1):1022.de Lacy-Vawdon C, Livingstone C
  • CONCLUSIONS: Literature describing effects of macro conditions and corporate activities on health could usefully utilize CDoH terminology. Facilitation via revised, consistent and operational definition of CDoH would assist. Social, political, commercial and economic structures and relations of CDoH are under-theorized. Systematic approaches to identifying, describing, and disrupting these are required to improve global health.
  • Patient-relevant outcomes: what are we talking about? A scoping review to improve conceptual clarity. [Journal Article]
    BMC Health Serv Res. 2020 Jun 29; 20(1):596.Kersting C, Kneer M, Barzel A
  • CONCLUSIONS: This scoping review on patient-relevant outcomes was driven by the questions (1) what outcomes are particularly relevant to patients, and (2) who determines their relevance. We found a wide range of supposedly patient-relevant outcomes, with only one third of articles involving patients in the justification of the outcome selection. In view of this conceptual uncertainty it appears difficult to determine or even to compare a particular patient benefit of interventions. A set of generic outcomes relevant to patients would be helpful to contribute to a consistent understanding of patient relevance.
  • Racial Disparity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in African American Communities. [Journal Article]
    J Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Kullar R, Marcelin JR, … Tan T
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has unveiled unsettling disparities in the outcome of the disease among African Americans. These disparities are not new, but are rooted in structural inequities that must be addressed to adequately care for communities of color. We describe the historical context of these structural inequities, their impact on the progression of COVID-19 in the African American (Black) comm…
  • Morphological diversity of the metathoracic spiracle in the Lygaeoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). [Journal Article]
    Micron. 2020 Jun 06; 137:102878.Zhang Y, Kment P, … Bu WJ
  • Spiracles are the openings in the exoskeleton of insects through which air enters into the respiratory system that is formed by a series of tubes called tracheae. They are primarily located on the abdomen, but can also occur on the thorax, including the metathorax. An insect metathoracic spiracle is usually composed of an external opening and a more internal filter apparatus. We propose new termi…
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