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493 results
  • [Huge periprosthetic (peritransplant) seroma of a femoropopliteal bypass graft]. [Case Reports]
    Angiol Sosud Khir 2019; 25(3):188-193Shults OG, Shults AA, Orlinskaya NY
  • Presented herein is a clinical case report of a huge periprosthetic seroma of a femoropopliteal bypass graft made of polytetrafluoroethylene with a follow-up period and unsuccessful conservative management of more than one year. At 15 months after the primary operation, the bypass graft was retrieved and replaced by a knitted vascular graft made of polyester and impregnated with absorbable modifi…
  • Growth and Resorption of Chronic Subdural Hematomas: Gardner, Weir, and the Osmotic Hypothesis Revisited. [Journal Article]
    World Neurosurg 2019Thomas PAW, Marshman LAG, … Mitchell PS
  • CONCLUSIONS: Only crystalloids equilibrated. CSDH colloids were significantly decreased. CSDH dilution or colloidal flocculation is implied. CSDH dilution (by CSF→CSDH inner membrane [IM] osmosis or OM transudation/exudation) could favor CSDH growth, as would repeated OM hemorrhages. Contrariwise, isolated colloidal flocculation could favor CSDH shrinkage by OM CSDH→serum osmosis. The latter may result in OM SA ≥ V favorable for ultimate resolution. Our results refute Weir and Zollinger and Gross, but not Gardner. Osmotic gradients simultaneously exist for both CSDH growth and resorption. Each equilibrium could depend on each gradient relative to each IM/OM semipermeability.
  • Intrachoroidal cavitation in myopic eyes. [Journal Article]
    Int Ophthalmol 2019Venkatesh R, Jain K, … Yadav NK
  • CONCLUSIONS: ICC is seen in 55.8% of highly myopic eyes with the presence of focal CRA or myopic conus and/or presence of intrascleral vessels near the cavitation. These findings suggest that patchy atrophy affects the scleral contour within posterior staphyloma beyond the funduscopically identified patchy atrophy by ICC. The presence of intrascleral vessels could also contribute to the ICC development. Eyes with patchy CRA or myopic conus needs to be checked on further follow-up visits for the development of macular or peripapillary ICC.
  • Hunt for the Shunt: An Unusual Case of Late-onset Hydrothorax in a Patient on Peritoneal Dialysis. [Case Reports]
    Cureus 2019; 11(1):e3839Ramakrishna KN, Lowe D, Murthy UK
  • Hydrothorax is a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis occurring in about 2% of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. These effusions occur soon after the onset of dialysis and are usually right-sided. We describe an unusual case of late-onset, left-sided, and recurrent effusions in the setting of CAPD. A 67-year-old patient with end-stage renal disease on CAPD for the las…
  • Defensive Driving: Directing HIV-1 Vaccine-Induced Humoral Immunity to the Mucosa with Chemokine Adjuvants. [Review]
    J Immunol Res 2018; 2018:3734207Gary EN, Kutzler MA
  • A myriad of pathogens gain access to the host via the mucosal route; thus, vaccinations that protect against mucosal pathogens are critical. Pathogens such as HIV, HSV, and influenza enter the host at mucosal sites such as the intestinal, urogenital, and respiratory tracts. All currently licensed vaccines mediate protection by inducing the production of antibodies which can limit pathogen replica…
  • Healing of autologous conjunctival grafts in pterygium surgery. [Journal Article]
    Acta Ophthalmol 2018; 96(8):e979-e988Ghoz N, Elalfy M, … Dua H
  • CONCLUSIONS: Conjunctival autografts in pterygium surgery follow a consistent healing pattern dominated by re-perfusion injury in early postoperative days. This produces dramatic changes in the autograft for which patients should be counselled before surgery. Conjunctival autografts are not at risk of falling off, losing epithelial cover or undergoing necrosis.
  • Inhalation Injury in the Burned Patient. [Review]
    Ann Plast Surg 2018; 80(3 Suppl 2):S98-S105Foncerrada G, Culnan DM, … Lee JO
  • Inhalation injury causes a heterogeneous cascade of insults that increase morbidity and mortality among the burn population. Despite major advancements in burn care for the past several decades, there remains a significant burden of disease attributable to inhalation injury. For this reason, effort has been devoted to finding new therapeutic approaches to improve outcomes for patients who sustain…
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