- Morphometric Analysis of the Facial Profile: Contour of the Side Face and its Variations. [Journal Article]J Craniofac Surg 2018; 29(7):1928-1933JC
- Much research has been conducted on the morphological characteristics of the Chinese. However, very few facial measurements have been documented, especially of the side face. This study uses geometirc morphometric method to analyze the contour and variations of the side face in Bai and Yi ethnic minorities from Yunnan province, China. The mark collection proves that for the Bai ethnicity, the var…
Much research has been conducted on the morphological characteristics of the Chinese. However, very few facial measurements have been documented, especially of the side face. This study uses geometirc morphometric method to analyze the contour and variations of the side face in Bai and Yi ethnic minorities from Yunnan province, China. The mark collection proves that for the Bai ethnicity, the variations of the nose are comparatively large, while the forehead variations are small. Variations around the lips and the chin are the largest. For the Yi ethnicity, the forehead also witnesses small variations and the nose again has large variations. The area around the glabella has large variations. Through the comparisons, the area around the glabella tends to extrude more in males both in Bai and Yi. The situation, however, is much more different when it comes to the trichion landmark collection where we see an apparent intrusion in males. For the trichion, Yi people are more intruded than the Bai. Similarities between Bai and Yi are demonstrated by principal component analysis: one can roughly set the males apart from the females using the vertical axis. Profile at the end of horizontal axis suggests that the female facial profile has the following features: the nose is not so prominent as the male, the forehead and the nose are linked by an noticeable arc, the forehead is comparatively steep and is almost in a vertical plane with the lips and the chin. By comparison, the male has a flatter forehead, a more prominent nose, an obvious sellion, and an intruded chin. The common morphologic features of the Chinese face may be reflected through these similarities.
- Assessment of facial analysis measurements by golden proportion. [Journal Article]Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jul - Aug; 85(4):494-501BJ
- CONCLUSIONS: Facial proportion assessments in relation to the golden proportion showed that a statistically significant difference was observed between gender groups. Long facial morphology was observed more in males (51.4%); normal (41%) and short (39.3%) facial morphology were more common in females. The measurements and proportions for facial balance in our study population showed that the facial width and height proportions deviated from the golden proportion.
- An Anthropometric Study of Cranio-Facial Measurements and Their Correlation with Vertical Dimension of Occlusion among Saudi Arabian Subpopulations. [Review]Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018; 6(4):680-686OA
- CONCLUSIONS: Being simple and non-invasive technique, craniofacial measurements and linear equations could be routinely utilised to determine VDO.
- Facial Anthropometric Norms of the Young Iranian Population. [Journal Article]J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2018; 17(2):150-157JM
- CONCLUSIONS: In Iranians, mean measurements of c'-sn' of the right and left sides, nasolabial angle, trichion-gnathion, tragion-tragion and gnathion-gnathion were greater in men than in women. Comparing Iranian males and females with different ethnicities indicated several interracial differences, which should be taken into consideration when dealing with patients or also practitioners originated in this region.
- Effects of malocclusions on facial attractiveness and their correlations with the divine proportion. [Journal Article]J Orofac Orthop 2017; 78(5):427-436JO
- CONCLUSIONS: Sagittal skeletal malocclusions evaluated by ANB angle are not effective on facial attractiveness. Facial ratios used in this study have little effect on attractiveness, and are different from the divine proportion.
- Relationship of craniofacial morphology in 3-dimensional analysis of the pharynx. [Journal Article]Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016; 149(5):683-691.e1AJ
- CONCLUSIONS: The soft palate cross-sectional area is larger in skeletal Class III subjects. It seems that analysis of the facial profile focusing on the proportions of the facial thirds allows for inferences on pharyngeal dimensions. However, anteroposterior skeletal facial type and vertical facial pattern do not seem to affect pharyngeal volume.
- The golden proportion in facial soft-tissues of Vietnamese females. [Journal Article]Stomatologija 2016; 18(3):80-85S
- CONCLUSIONS: Soft-tissue facial proportions of Vietnamese females did not correspond to the GP. Changing the lower third face may create harmony vertical facial proportions.
- Evaluation of the facial dimensions of young adult women with a preferred facial appearance. [Journal Article]Korean J Orthod 2015; 45(5):253-60KJ
- CONCLUSIONS: The Miss Korea group exhibited longer, wider, and deeper faces compared with those from the general population. Furthermore, the Miss Korea group had larger eyes, longer but less protruded noses, longer and more retruded lower lips and chins, larger lip vermilion areas, and smaller labiomental angles. These results suggest that the latest trends in facial esthetics should be considered during diagnosis and treatment planning for young women with dentofacial abnormalities.
- Craniofacial Measurements of Donors and Recipients Correlate with Aesthetic Outcome in Virtual Face Transplantation. [Journal Article]Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2015; 3(5):e385PR
- CONCLUSIONS: This study provides early evidence for the importance of soft-tissue and bony measurements in planning of facial transplantation. With future improvements to immunosuppressive regimens and increased donor availability, these measurements may be used as an additional criterion to optimize posttransplant outcomes.
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- Photo-anthropometric study on face among Garo adult females of Bangladesh. [Journal Article]Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2013; 39(2):61-4BM
- Facial anthropometry has well-known implications in health-related fields. Measurement of human face is used in identification of person in Forensic medicine, Plastic surgery, Orthodontics, Archeology, Hair-style design and examination of the differences between races and ethnicities. Facial anthropometry provides an indication of the variations in facial shape in a specified population. Banglade…
Facial anthropometry has well-known implications in health-related fields. Measurement of human face is used in identification of person in Forensic medicine, Plastic surgery, Orthodontics, Archeology, Hair-style design and examination of the differences between races and ethnicities. Facial anthropometry provides an indication of the variations in facial shape in a specified population. Bangladesh harbours many cultures and people of different races because of the colonial rules of the past regimes. Standards based on ethnic or racial data are desirable because these standards reflect the potentially different patterns of craniofacial growth resulting from racial, ethnic and sexual differences. In the above context, the present study was attempted to establish ethnic specific anthropometric data for the Christian Garo adult females of Bangladesh. The study was an observational, cross-sectional and primarily descriptive in nature with some analytical components and it was carried out with a total number of 100 Christian Garo adult females aged between 25-45 years. Three vertical facial dimensions such as facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion', nasal length and total vermilion height were measured by photographic method. Though these measurements were taken by photographic method but they were converted into actual size using one of the physically measured variables between two angles of the mouth (chilion to chilion). The data were then statistically analyzed by computation to find out its normatic value. The study also observed the possible 'correlation' between the facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion' with nasal length and total vermilion height. Multiplication factors were estimated for estimating facial height from nasal length and total vermilion height. Comparison were made between 'estimated' values with the 'measured' values by using't' test. The mean (+/- SD) of nasal length and total vermilion height were 4.53 +/- 0.36 cm and 1.63 +/- 0.23 cm respectively and the mean (+/- SD) of facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion' was 16.88 +/- 1.11 cm. Nasal length and total vermilion height showed also a significant positive correlation with facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion'. No significant difference was found between the 'measured' and 'estimated' facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion' for nasal length and total vermilion height.