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Unbound Medicine.
(vocal cord dysfunction)
1,892 results
  • Outcomes of Paradoxical Vocal Cord Motion Diagnosed in Childhood. [Journal Article]
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2020 Jun 12 [Online ahead of print]Yibrehu B, Georgakopoulos B, … Bauman NM
  • CONCLUSIONS: This first PVCM PRO study endorses that diagnosis is often delayed and prescribed treatments often viewed as ineffective. While biofeedback and breathing exercises may be critical for short-term control of PVCM episodes, lifestyle changes and stress reduction are likely necessary for long-term management. Increased awareness and improvements in management are needed for this condition.
  • StatPearls: Exercise Induced Laryngeal Obstruction (Vocal Cord Dysfunction) [BOOK]
    . StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Sayad Edouard E Baylor College of Medicine/ Texas Children's Hospital Das Shailendra S Baylor College of Medicine BOOK
  • Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) describes a narrowing or inappropriate obstruction of the true vocal fold and/or the supraglottic structures in response to a trigger or stimulus. When this phenomenon occurs during exercise, it is referred to as exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO). The ILO terminology has been recently adopted. Since 2013, the term inducible laryngeal obstruction (…
  • Pulmonary manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease. [Journal Article]
    Expert Rev Respir Med. 2020 Apr 27 [Online ahead of print]Griffiths TL, Nassar M, Soubani AO
  • Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a widespread condition with a significant impact on the quality of life and healthcare resources. In addition to its gastrointestinal problems, GERD has been linked to a variety of respiratory diseases either as a direct cause, or as a risk factor to the inability to control or worsening of the disease.Areas covered: We performed a literatur…
  • Unilateral vocal fold palsy & dysphagia: A review. [Journal Article]
    Auris Nasus Larynx. 2020 Apr 06 [Online ahead of print]Ha JF
  • CONCLUSIONS: It is important to consider the disease, patient and surgical factors when deciding on the type and timing of management options. There is increasing evidence of benefits with early surgical interventions, challenging the traditional conservative management to rule out spontaneous recovery and compensation.
  • Bilateral vocal cord paralysis during emergence from general anesthesia in a patient with Parkinson's disease. [Case Reports]
    Saudi J Anaesth. 2020 Jan-Mar; 14(1):112-114.Kim JI, Lee DH, Kim H
  • Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects the extrapyramidal system, and respiratory dysfunction has also been noted in patients with PD. However, acute upper airway obstruction due to bilateral vocal cord paralysis is a very rare finding in PD. Here, we describe a rare life-threatening respiratory failure caused by bilateral vocal cord paralysis in an elderly woman wi…
  • Sentinel Node Biopsy and Lumpectomy in a Patient with Machado-Joseph Disease. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Anesthesiol. 2019; 2019:2309598.Aldawoodi NN, Escher AR, … Padalia D
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 3 (SCA3), also known as Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant, progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Patients present with cerebellar ataxia, dystonia, rigidity, and neuropathy that worsen with time. On a molecular level, it occurs due to a CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion in the ATXN3 gene. Due to the risk of pulmonary aspiration, hypoventilation, auton…
  • Cricopharyngeal myotomy for delayed Cricopharyngeal dysfunction after head and neck surgery - case report. [Case Reports]
    BMC Surg. 2020 Jan 08; 20(1):6.Sung A, Lee KW
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our case of delayed cricopharyngal dysfunction after radical thyroidectomy and medialization thyroplasty shows that it is important to follow up swallowing functions after patients with UVCI undergo medialization thyroplasty. In the event of delayed manifestation of cricopharyngeal function, it can still be treated successfully by cricoharyngeal myotomy, achieving long term relief of dysphagia.
  • The Association between Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion and Dysphonia in Adolescents. [Journal Article]
    Folia Phoniatr Logop. 2020 Jan 02 [Online ahead of print]Fulton NM, Drake K, … Palmer AD
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although voice complaints are rare, dysphonia among adolescents with PVFM is common and can occur in the absence of laryngeal abnormalities and medical comorbidities, typically as a result of vocal hyperfunction. Dysphonia does not appear to be a barrier to PVFM treatment and may be a useful target in therapy.
  • Unique presentation of cricoid cartilage fracture causing intermittent dyspnea without preceding trauma. [Case Reports]
    Nagoya J Med Sci. 2019 Nov; 81(4):687-691.Matsuo Y, Yamada T, Hiraoka E
  • Cricoid cartilage fracture is generally caused by significant neck trauma and causes continuous dyspnea, neck pain, or hoarseness developing immediately after the traumatic episode. A 69-year-old woman without any history of trauma was admitted to our hospital with intermittent dyspnea. Six months before admission she had started to complain of dyspnea occurring several times a month without warn…
  • A radiologic review of hoarse voice from anatomic and neurologic perspectives. [Journal Article]
    Insights Imaging. 2019 Nov 18; 10(1):108.Montoya S, Portanova A, Bhatt AA
  • The differential diagnosis for hoarseness is extensive and includes a multitude of etiologies that span a large geographic area from the brainstem to the mediastinum. Therefore, localizing a causative lesion can be extremely difficult for clinicians and radiologists alike. In this review, we will first discuss the normal anatomy of the larynx and its innervation via the vagus and recurrent laryng…
  • Differences in laryngeal movements during exercise in healthy and dyspnoeic adolescents. [Journal Article]
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Feb; 129:109765.Norlander K, Johansson H, … Nordang L
  • CONCLUSIONS: Minor movements at both glottic and supraglottic level are equally common in healthy controls as among adolescents with exercise induced dyspnoea without EIB or EILO and adolescents with EIB. Adolescents with EILO had a statistically significant more pronounced supraglottic obstruction than the other groups.
  • A strident girl. [Journal Article]
    Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2019 Oct 25 [Online ahead of print]Corrias F, Gesuete V, … Barbi E
  • A 12-year-old girl was referred with a 7-month history of episodes of dyspnoea, stridor and a sense of chest constriction during physical exercise. These were self-limiting and never occurred at night. Physical examination was normal. An initial diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction was made.Spirometry showed a plateau of forced expiratory flow, with a truncated aspect of the expiratory phase (figu…
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