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3,642 results
  • Free will beliefs are better predicted by dualism than determinism beliefs across different cultures. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One 2019; 14(9):e0221617Wisniewski D, Deutschländer R, Haynes JD
  • Most people believe in free will. Whether this belief is warranted or not, free will beliefs (FWB) are foundational for many legal systems and reducing FWB has effects on behavior from the motor to the social level. This raises the important question as to which specific FWB people hold. There are many different ways to conceptualize free will, and some might see physical determinism as a threat …
  • Decoding Changes of Mind in Voluntary Action-Dynamics of Intentional Choice Representations. [Journal Article]
    Cereb Cortex 2019Löffler A, Haggard P, Bode S
  • Voluntary actions rely on appropriate flexibility of intentions. Usually, we should pursue our goals, but sometimes we should change goals if they become too costly to achieve. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated the neural dynamics underlying the capacity to change one's mind based on new information after action onset. Multivariate pattern analyses revealed that in visu…
  • Evidence for metacognitive bias in perception of voluntary action. [Journal Article]
    Cognition 2019; 194:104041Charles L, Chardin C, Haggard P
  • Studies of metacognition often measure confidence in perceptual decisions. Much less is known about metacognition of action, and specifically about how people estimate the success of their own actions. In the present study, we compare metacognitive abilities between voluntary actions, passive movements matched to those actions, and purely visual signals. Participants reported their confidence in …
  • The types of caregiving reactions experienced by the older spouse caregivers. [Journal Article]
    J Clin Nurs 2019Aloweni F, Doshi K, … Østbye T
  • CONCLUSIONS: Perceived stress is an important indicator of caregiver reactions. Words used when describing caregiving experiences can potentially depict the spouse caregivers' current state of being as a caregiver.Spouse caregiver's narrative of their caregiving experience may provide easy and quick insights if interventions are needed. Early identification of negative reactions will allow for prompt interventions in mitigating caregivers' stress.
  • Benzodiazepines for catatonia in people with schizophrenia or other serious mental illnesses. [Review]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019; 8:CD006570Zaman H, Gibson RC, Walcott G
  • CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results from this review, which was a head-to-head comparison of two benzodiazepine monotherapies, does not show a clear difference in effect. No data were available for benzodiazepines compared to placebo or standard care. The lack of usable data and very low quality of data available makes it impossible to draw firm conclusions and further studies with a high-quality methodology and reporting are required in order to determine more definitively the outcomes associated with benzodiazepine use in the clinical management of catatonia in persons with schizophrenia and other SMI.
  • Volitional Suppression of Parkinsonian Resting Tremor. [Journal Article]
    Mov Disord Clin Pract 2019; 6(6):470-478Blakemore RL, MacAskill MR, … Anderson TJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: We present novel empirical evidence that PD resting tremor can be suppressed by an act of will, as evidenced by significant modulation of key neurophysiological tremor characteristics. These data highlight that it is possible to exert significant conscious control over parkinsonian resting tremor.
  • Gait Guidance Control for Damping of Unnatural Motion in a Powered Pediatric Lower-Limb Orthosis. [Journal Article]
    IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot 2019; 2019:676-681Laubscher CA, Sawicki JT
  • The nominal gait of each individual is unique and varies with the walking speed of the person. This poses a difficult problem for powered rehabilitative orthoses since control strategies often require a reference trajectory and give little control to the patient. This paper describes a simple control approach which applies torque resistive to joint movement that is unnatural for healthy individua…
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