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Unbound Medicine.
(zoologist)
151 results
  • Ernst Haeckel in the history of biology. [Journal Article]
    Curr Biol. 2019 Dec 16; 29(24):R1276-R1284.Levit GS, Hossfeld U
  • The German zoologist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) was arguably the most influential champion of Darwin's theory of evolution on the European continent and one of the most significant worldwide. As his biographer Robert Richards emphasized: "More people at the turn of the century learned of evolutionary theory from his pen than from any other source, including Darwin's own writings" [1]. Furthermore,…
  • Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919): The German Darwin and his impact on modern biology. [Editorial]
    Theory Biosci. 2019 May; 138(1):1-7.Kutschera U, Levit GS, Hossfeld U
  • The year 2019 marks the 100th anniversary of the death of Ernst Haeckel, a German zoologist, artist, and philosopher of science, who defended and supplemented Charles Darwin's system of theories regarding the mechanisms of biological evolution. We briefly recapitulate Haeckel's remarkable career and reproduce the Laudatio read by the President of the Linnean Society of London (1 July 1908), when …
  • Natural Selection and Pangenesis: The Darwinian Synthesis of Evolution and Genetics. [Journal Article]
    Adv Genet. 2018; 102:121-142.Liu Y
  • Since the end of the 19th century, Lamarck's name has been tightly linked to the notion of the inheritance of acquired characters. Darwin regarded Lamarck as a great zoologist and a forerunner of evolution, and repeatedly expressed the opinion that "natural selection has been the main but not the exclusive means of modification." The original Darwinism not only includes natural selection, but als…
  • Reception of the cell theory at Gaceta Médica de México in the 19th century [Historical Article]
    Gac Med Mex. 2018; 154(3):391-397.Aranda-Cruzalta A
  • In the 18th century, a series of pro-independence movements took place in America against the order established by European dominant powers. This gave way to the concept of “national” and “international or foreign” affairs. In parallel, “the cell theory” emerged in the scientific world, based on the idea that living beings, both plants and animals, were constituted of anatomo-functional units, th…
  • The Impact of Food Bioactives on Health: in vitro and ex vivo models: Ussing Chamber [BOOK]
    . Springer: Cham (CH)Verhoeckx K, Cotter P, … Wichers HWesterhout J, Wortelboer H, … Verhoeckx KBOOK
  • The Ussing chamber system is named after the Danish zoologist Hans Ussing, who invented the device in the 1950s to measure the short-circuit current as an indicator of net ion transport taking place across frog skin (Ussing and Zerahn, Acta Physiol Scand 23:110–127, 1951). Ussing chambers are increasingly being used to measure ion transport in native tissue, like gut mucosa, and in a monolayer of…
  • An historical note on the cell theory. [Historical Article]
    Exp Cell Res. 2018 03 01; 364(1):1-4.Ribatti D
  • The development of the microscope was a precondition for the discovery of cells. This instrument magnifies objects too small to be seen by the naked eye. In 1673, the Dutch botanist, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, made a more advanced microscope and reported seeing a myriad of microscopic "animalcules" in water. He also made further studies of red blood cells and sperm cells. Most studies that followed w…
  • Implications of clonality for ageing research. [Journal Article]
    Evol Ecol. 2018; 32(1):9-28.Salguero-Gómez R
  • Senescence, an organismal performance decline with age, has historically been considered a universal phenomenon by evolutionary biologists and zoologist. Yet, increasing fertility and survival with age are nothing new to plant ecologists, among whom it is common knowledge that senescence is not universal. Recently, these two realities have come into a confrontation, begging for the rephrasing of …
  • St. George Mivart as Popularizer of Zoology in Britain and America, 1869-1881. [Journal Article]
    Endeavour. 2017 Dec; 41(4):176-191.Swain EE
  • Recent scholarly attentions have shifted from key actors within the scientific elite and religious authorities to scientific practitioners and popularizers who used science to pursue a wide variety of cultural purposes. The Roman Catholic zoologist St. George Mivart (1827-1900) has typically been cast as a staunch anti-Darwinian ostracized by Darwin's inner circle of scientific naturalists. Under…
  • Pioneering Studies on Cephalopod's Eye and Vision at the Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (1883-1977). [Review]
    Front Physiol. 2016; 7:618.Dröscher A
  • From the late nineteenth century onwards, the phenomena of vision and the anatomy and physiology of the eye of marine animals induced many zoologists, ethologists, physiologists, anatomists, biochemists, and ophthalmologists to travel to the Zoological Station in Naples. Initially, their preferred research objects were fish, but it soon became evident that cephalopods have features which make the…
  • The First Darwinian Phylogenetic Tree of Plants. [Journal Article]
    Trends Plant Sci. 2017 02; 22(2):99-102.Hoβfeld U, Watts E, Levit GS
  • In 1866, the German zoologist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) published the first Darwinian trees of life in the history of biology in his book General Morphology of Organisms. We take a specific look at the first phylogenetic trees for the plant kingdom that Haeckel created as part of this two-volume work.
  • Élie Metchnikoff (1845-1916): celebrating 100 years of cellular immunology and beyond. [Historical Article]
    Nat Rev Immunol. 2016 10; 16(10):651-6.Underhill DM, Gordon S, … Bousso P
  • The year 2016 marks 100 years since the death of Élie Metchnikoff (1845-1916), the Russian zoologist who pioneered the study of cellular immunology and who is widely credited with the discovery of phagocytosis, for which he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1908. However, his long scientific career spanned many disciplines and has had far-reaching effects on modern …
  • [A Rare Case in Hand Surgery: Adder Bite in an Index Finger]. [Case Reports]
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2016 Aug; 48(5):306-9.Jaehn T, Zunker C, … Reichert B
  • The common European adder is an endangered animal species in Europe. Despite its endangerment, snake bite injuries do occur from time to time, even in Germany. This is a poisoning emergency. Detailed numbers concerning the incidence or lethality of adder bites in Germany do not exist. Only 13% of all cases have a severe course of disease, with children and elderly people prevailing in this patien…
  • Professor Robert McNeill Alexander CBE FRS (1934-2016). [Historical Article]
    J Exp Biol. 2016 07 01; 219(Pt 13):1939-40.Ker RF
  • Robert McNeill Alexander, known to friends and colleagues as 'Neill', was a zoologist with an engineer's eye for how animals work. He used mathematical models to show how evolution has produced optimal designs. His skill was to choose appropriate models: realistic enough to contain the essence of a problem and yet simple enough to be tractable. He wrote fluently and easily: 23 books, 280 papers a…
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