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Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular Heart Disease is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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The 2014 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) Guidelines describe different stages in the progression of valvular heart disease (VHD).

  • Stage A (at risk): patients with risk factors for development of VHD
  • Stage B (progressive): patients with progressive VHD (mild to moderate severity and asymptomatic)
  • Stage C (asymptomatic severe): asymptomatic patients who meet criteria for severe VHD
    • C1: asymptomatic patients with a compensated left and right ventricle
    • C2: asymptomatic patients with decompensation of the left or right ventricle
  • Stage D (symptomatic severe): patients who have developed symptoms as a result of VHD

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Williams, Dominique, et al., editors. "Valvular Heart Disease." Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics, 35th ed., Wolters Kluwer Health, 2016. Washington Manual, www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602162/all/Valvular_Heart_Disease.
Valvular Heart Disease. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, et al, eds. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. 35th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602162/all/Valvular_Heart_Disease. Accessed May 19, 2019.
Valvular Heart Disease. (2016). In Williams, D., Ramgopal, R., Gdowski, M., Dretler, A., & Bhat, P. (Eds.), Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602162/all/Valvular_Heart_Disease
Valvular Heart Disease [Internet]. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, Dretler A, Bhat P, editors. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. [cited 2019 May 19]. Available from: https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602162/all/Valvular_Heart_Disease.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Valvular Heart Disease ID - 602162 ED - Williams,Dominique, ED - Ramgopal,Rajeev, ED - Gdowski,Mark, ED - Dretler,Alexandra, ED - Bhat,Pavat, BT - Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602162/all/Valvular_Heart_Disease PB - Wolters Kluwer Health ET - 35 DB - Washington Manual DP - Unbound Medicine ER -