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Dysphagia and Odynophagia

Dysphagia and Odynophagia is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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General Principles


  • Oropharyngeal dysphagia consists of difficulty in transferring food from the mouth to the esophagus, often associated with nasopharyngeal regurgitation and aspiration. Typical causes include neuromuscular or structural disorders involving the pharynx and proximal esophagus (Gastroenterology 1999;116:452  [PMID:9922327]).
  • Esophageal dysphagia is the sensation of impairment in passage of food down the tubular esophagus. Potential etiologies include obstructive processes (such as webs, rings, neoplasia) or esophageal motor disorders (Gastroenterology 1999;117:233  [PMID:10381933]).
  • Odynophagia is pain on swallowing food and fluids and may indicate the presence of esophagitis, particularly infectious esophagitis or pill esophagitis.

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Williams, Dominique, et al., editors. "Dysphagia and Odynophagia." Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics, 35th ed., Wolters Kluwer Health, 2016. Washington Manual, www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602269/all/Dysphagia_and_Odynophagia.
Dysphagia and Odynophagia. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, et al, eds. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. 35th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602269/all/Dysphagia_and_Odynophagia. Accessed June 18, 2019.
Dysphagia and Odynophagia. (2016). In Williams, D., Ramgopal, R., Gdowski, M., Dretler, A., & Bhat, P. (Eds.), Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602269/all/Dysphagia_and_Odynophagia
Dysphagia and Odynophagia [Internet]. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, Dretler A, Bhat P, editors. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. [cited 2019 June 18]. Available from: https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602269/all/Dysphagia_and_Odynophagia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Dysphagia and Odynophagia ID - 602269 ED - Williams,Dominique, ED - Ramgopal,Rajeev, ED - Gdowski,Mark, ED - Dretler,Alexandra, ED - Bhat,Pavat, BT - Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602269/all/Dysphagia_and_Odynophagia PB - Wolters Kluwer Health ET - 35 DB - Washington Manual DP - Unbound Medicine ER -