The Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics helps you diagnose and treat hundreds of medical conditions. Consult clinical recommendations from a resource that has been trusted on the wards for 50+ years. Explore these free sample topics:
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Epidemiology and Etiology
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in the United States, estimated to result in 44,330 deaths in 2018. Incidence increases with age, with median age at diagnosis between 60 and 80 years. Risk factors include cigarette smoking, obesity, inactivity, diabetes, chronic nonhereditary, and hereditary pancreatitis, and inherited syndromes such as hereditary breast and ovarian cancers, ataxia telangiectasia, hereditary intestinal polyposis syndrome, and familial atypical multiple mole and melanoma syndrome.