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Meningitis is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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General Principles

  • Meningitis (inflammation of the meninges) is caused by bacterial, fungal, or viral infections or by noninfectious causes such as medications.
  • Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency and requires immediate therapy without delay for diagnostic procedures. Rapid initiation of antimicrobial treatment decreases mortality.
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterial etiology in adults, followed by Neisseria meningitidis, group B Streptococcus, and Haemophilus influenzae. Listeria monocytogenes is more frequent in the elderly and in immunocompromised hosts.1
  • Health care-associated meningitis (after neurosurgical procedures or head trauma) and intraventricular shunt infections are caused by staphylococci (S. aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci) and gram-negative bacilli.

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Williams, Dominique, et al., editors. "Meningitis." Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics, 35th ed., Wolters Kluwer Health, 2016. Washington Manual, www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602386/all/Meningitis.
Meningitis. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, et al, eds. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. 35th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602386/all/Meningitis. Accessed July 21, 2019.
Meningitis. (2016). In Williams, D., Ramgopal, R., Gdowski, M., Dretler, A., & Bhat, P. (Eds.), Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602386/all/Meningitis
Meningitis [Internet]. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, Dretler A, Bhat P, editors. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. [cited 2019 July 21]. Available from: https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602386/all/Meningitis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Meningitis ID - 602386 ED - Williams,Dominique, ED - Ramgopal,Rajeev, ED - Gdowski,Mark, ED - Dretler,Alexandra, ED - Bhat,Pavat, BT - Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602386/all/Meningitis PB - Wolters Kluwer Health ET - 35 DB - Washington Manual DP - Unbound Medicine ER -