Bladder Cancer

Epidemiology and Etiology

Bladder cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in the US, with 81,400 estimated cases in 2020.1 Bladder cancer is three times more common in men with a median age of 65 at diagnosis. Common risk factors include advanced age, male sex, and cigarette smoking. Additional risk factors include pelvic radiation, prolonged use of cyclophosphamide, chronic indwelling Foley catheter, and chronic bacterial or Schistosoma haematobium infections.

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