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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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Epidemiology and Etiology

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in developed countries and is expected to account for 30% of new cancers in women in 2018. Nearly 266,120 patients develop breast cancer per year in the United States, and less than 1% of cases are reported in men. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are associated with a 57% and 49% cumulative risk of breast cancer by age 70, respectively.1 However, less than 10% of all breast cancers are attributable to mutations involving susceptibility genes. Alcohol consumption, early menarche, late menopause, nulliparity, postmenopausal obesity, hormone replacement therapy, and delayed first pregnancy are all risk factors for breast cancer. Women receiving mantle field radiation for Hodgkin disease also carry a higher lifetime risk.

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Citation

Williams, Dominique, et al., editors. "Breast Cancer." Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics, 35th ed., Wolters Kluwer Health, 2016. Washington Manual, www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602560/all/Breast_Cancer.
Breast Cancer. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, et al, eds. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. 35th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602560/all/Breast_Cancer. Accessed July 17, 2019.
Breast Cancer. (2016). In Williams, D., Ramgopal, R., Gdowski, M., Dretler, A., & Bhat, P. (Eds.), Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602560/all/Breast_Cancer
Breast Cancer [Internet]. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, Dretler A, Bhat P, editors. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. [cited 2019 July 17]. Available from: https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602560/all/Breast_Cancer.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Breast Cancer ID - 602560 ED - Williams,Dominique, ED - Ramgopal,Rajeev, ED - Gdowski,Mark, ED - Dretler,Alexandra, ED - Bhat,Pavat, BT - Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602560/all/Breast_Cancer PB - Wolters Kluwer Health ET - 35 DB - Washington Manual DP - Unbound Medicine ER -