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Ischemic Intestinal Injury

Ischemic Intestinal Injury is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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General Principles

  • Acute mesenteric ischemia results from arterial (or rarely venous) compromise to the superior mesenteric circulation.
  • Emboli and thrombus formation are the most common causes of acute mesenteric ischemia, although nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia from vasoconstriction can also give rise to the disorder.
  • Ischemic colitis results from mucosal ischemia in the inferior mesenteric circulation during a low-flow state (hypotension, arrhythmias, sepsis, aortic vascular surgery) in patients with atherosclerotic disease. Vasculitis, sickle cell disease, vasospasm, and marathon running can also predispose to ischemic colitis.

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Williams, Dominique, et al., editors. "Ischemic Intestinal Injury." Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics, 35th ed., Wolters Kluwer Health, 2016. Washington Manual, www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602579/all/Ischemic_Intestinal_Injury.
Ischemic Intestinal Injury. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, et al, eds. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. 35th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602579/all/Ischemic_Intestinal_Injury. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Ischemic Intestinal Injury. (2016). In Williams, D., Ramgopal, R., Gdowski, M., Dretler, A., & Bhat, P. (Eds.), Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602579/all/Ischemic_Intestinal_Injury
Ischemic Intestinal Injury [Internet]. In: Williams D, Ramgopal R, Gdowski M, Dretler A, Bhat P, editors. Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2016. [cited 2019 June 17]. Available from: https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602579/all/Ischemic_Intestinal_Injury.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Ischemic Intestinal Injury ID - 602579 ED - Williams,Dominique, ED - Ramgopal,Rajeev, ED - Gdowski,Mark, ED - Dretler,Alexandra, ED - Bhat,Pavat, BT - Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/washingtonmanual/view/Washington-Manual-of-Medical-Therapeutics/602579/all/Ischemic_Intestinal_Injury PB - Wolters Kluwer Health ET - 35 DB - Washington Manual DP - Unbound Medicine ER -