Ascites is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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General Principles

Ascites is the abnormal (>25 mL) accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity. Other causes of ascites, unrelated to portal hypertension, include cancer (peritoneal carcinomatosis), heart failure, tuberculosis, myxedema, pancreatic disease, nephrotic syndrome, surgery or trauma to the lymphatic system or ureters, and serositis.

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