Heart Failure

Heart Failure is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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General Principles

HF is more common and carries a worse prognosis in persons with diabetes than in persons without diabetes. The hazard ratio for HF among those with prediabetes is 1.2–1.7 in different populations; while in persons with diabetes, the HR is about 2.5. The prognosis for survival is much worse in persons with diabetes and HF compared with those without diabetes.1

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General Principles

HF is more common and carries a worse prognosis in persons with diabetes than in persons without diabetes. The hazard ratio for HF among those with prediabetes is 1.2–1.7 in different populations; while in persons with diabetes, the HR is about 2.5. The prognosis for survival is much worse in persons with diabetes and HF compared with those without diabetes.1

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